Sunday, July 3, 2016

Hebrews 10:11-18

Christ Reigns

The Levitical system required a daily sacrifice. The author has already pointed out that if the worshiper did not trust in the true Sacrifice to come, his sacrifice had no value. Its value came only from his trust in the Coming One who would take away sins. The truth of meaning of the sacrifice had been revealed to Adam, carried though the flood by Noah, and more clearly revealed to Abraham.

Joh 8:56 “Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.”

But how did Abraham ‘see’ Christ’s ‘day’? We believe that a threefold answer may be returned: First, Abraham saw the day of Christ by faith in the promises of God. (#Heb 11:13) #Heb 11:10, 16 intimate plainly that the Spirit of God made discoveries to Abraham which are not recorded on the pages of the Old Testament. Second, Abraham saw the day of Christ in type In offering Isaac on the altar and in receiving him back in figure from the dead, he received a marvelous foreshadowing of the Savior’s death and resurrection. Third, by special revelation The ‘secret of the Lord’ is with them that fear Him, and there is no doubt in our mind but that God was pleased to show the Old Testament saints much more of His covenant than is commonly supposed among us. (see #Ps 25:14) (Pink, OLB)

From the time of Abraham, the truth about the work of the Coming One was known. So those who trusted in the ritual (shadow) for atonement had no atonement.

V. 11, the necessity of the high priest standing showed that the Levitical sacrifice of bulls and goats could not fulfill the shadow of the atoning sacrifice. He had to constantly return to make the insufficient blood offering. His “standeth daily ministering”represented his having to constantly return to make the sacrifice again and again, for what he did could “never take away sins:”

V. 12 tells the Hebrews that Christ’s sacrifice fulfilled the shadow once for all, for complete atonement had been fully made. He then sat down forever, indicating that his priesthood had met all the requirements of the Levitical laws of atonement. There could be no more sacrifice for sin.

Security of the believer---there is nothing further that can be done for redemption than what Christ has done.

V. 13, we can barely grasp, and most have no idea of the significance of, nor the importance and power of the Mediation work of Christ. We view that work as little more than forgiveness of sin and freedom to stand in the presence of God. But Christ’s mediation work is far more than simply forgiveness of sin and a clear conscience: It is the basis for fulfilling his dominion command to Adam to subdue the earth for the glory of God.

Christ’s command to his disciples in Matthew 28:19, 20, made it clear that his “one sacrifice” provides the power for his followers to fulfill the dominion mandate. Through the mediation work of Christ, former rebels against God are changed to friends and faithful servants of Christ.

“Expecting.” The Hebrews expected a “Mighty Prince” to subdue the oppressive foreign nations and exalt them to the level Israel obtained under David. Because Christ did not fulfill their expectation (and share his secular power with the leaders), they killed him. V. 13 clearly drives home the truth of Christ’s work: It was and is about the total power, superiority and authority of Jesus Christ. It his total dominion and power because of his

His “expecting”is quite different from than our human “expecting”, which is based more in hope and disappointment. His “expecting” looks forward to God the Father fulfilling his promise to him to subdue all his enemies under his total authority.

Ver. 13. That which remaineth he expecteth, even the fulfilling of his Father’s promise to him, #Ps 110:1, patiently waiting, earnestly looking, for what is most certain, and wherein he cannot be disappointed; for in respect of himself. His enemies cannot infest him more, being entirely vanquished already; but in respect of his administration, he waits till all that oppose his royal priesthood, as the devil and his angels, sin, the curse, death, and the world, with which he conflicts as a Priest to destroy them with his own blood, as his members do by it, #Re 12:11. Having given them their death’s wound by his own death, he sits down, and waits in the successive ages of his church, until upon his elect it be made good, putting all under his own and church’s feet, so to overcome and trample on them, as men on their footstools: see #Heb 2:8 1Co 15:26. (Poole. OLB)

But Christ’s enemies shall be made his footstool; some by conversion, others by confusion; and, which way soever it be, Christ will be honoured. Of this Christ is assured, this he is expecting, and his people should rejoice in the expectation of it; for, when his enemies shall be subdued, their enemies, that are so for his sake, shall be subdued also.(MH. Not by the sword as the “Religion of Peace”, Islam does.)

Henceforth expecting (t? ???p?? e?de??µe???). "For the rest" or "for the future" (t? ???p??, accusative of extent of time). The expectant attitude of Christ here is that of final and certain victory. {#Joh 16:33 1Co 15:24-28? Till his enemies be made(e?? te??s?? ?? e????? a?t??). Purpose and temporal clause with e?? and the first aorist passive subjunctive of t???µ?. He quotes #Ps 110:1 again. (RWP, OLB)

John 16:33 These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.
1 Corinthians 15:24 Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. 25 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. 26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. 27 For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him. 28 And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.

Hebrews 10:12, 13. All things were placed under His feet when he was exalted to his throne. His visible return will take place when it is evident that all things have been subdued to him.

His physical work on earth was finished, and he sat down: “On the right hand of God”,

21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: 22 And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, 23 Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all. (Ephesians 1)

He will remain on his heavenly throne until the Father’s promise to him is fulfilled. “Then cometh the end”.

From His throne:

1) He rules everything in heaven, earth and under the earth for the glory of God. Divine providence controls all events, even the life of a sparrow.

Revelation 5:13 “And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.”

2) He makes continual intercession for his people:

Hebrews 7:25 “Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.”

3) He waits for Psalms 110:1 to be fulfilled.

“Having done this, he looked forward to the time when his work would have full effect, and when his enemies would be made his footstool. That this was to be the effect of the offering made by the Messiah the apostle then shows from the Scriptures themselves, where it is said, (#Jer 31:33,34,) that under the gospel the laws of God would be written on the heart, and sin would be remembered no more. There must then be, the apostle inferred, some way by which this was to be secured, and this was by the great Sacrifice on the cross, which had the effect of perfecting for ever those who were sanctified.” (Barnes)

V. 13 is an image of total power, and conquest. This was a challenge to all who were tempted to return to Judaism, its temple and its priesthood. This letter tells the Hebrews that the Levitical priesthood:

A. had no power of interceding for the sinner before the Father;
B. had no power nor authority to subdue all things to itself;
C. had no power to deliver its followers from the power and penalty of sin and death;
D. had no power to separate sin from man as far as the east is from the west;
E. had no power to declare the sinner justified before God;
F. had no power to make one a new creation with a new heart to please the God.
G. had no power to establish a new human race made up of the Elect;
H. had no power judicially to declare the sinner innocent, which could only be accomplished by Christ’s regenerating power.

Christ reigns! He conquers and He rules! When men cling to shadows, they abandon, actually they deny the victory and triumph of Christ, and all the triumph entails. Those who cling to the shadows do not look for victory, but seek more shadows, viz., more useless laws, empty rites and rituals.

Men seek after a form of godliness while they deny the power thereof. (2 Tim 3:5)

Not only is Hebrews a tremendous rebuke against the Hebrews who wanted to hang on to the shadows of the priesthood and sacrifices, but it is a serious indictment against those today who seek Christ as a “fire escape” and ignore his dominion mandate to his new nation, and ignore his power to fulfill that mandate. (Mat 28:19, 20)

V. 14, the shadows could not sanctify and perfect his people for ever.

Them that are sanctified. Those who are made holy by that offering. It does not mean that they are as yet wholly sanctified, but that they have been brought under the influence of that gospel which sanctifies and saves. #Heb 2:11 9:13. The doctrine taught in this verse is, that all those who are, in any measure; sanctified, will be perfected for ever. It is not a temporary work which has been begun in their souls, but one which is designed to be carried forward to perfection. In the atonement made by the Redeemer there is the foundation laid for their eternal perfection, and it was with reference to that, that it was offered. (Barnes)

“Perfection” here does not mean total sanctification. Rather the sanctified, those set apart by his atonement, receive a full and perfect remission of sins. There is no need for a repetition; the act is complete and forever so. We are declared innocent because Christ has paid the death penalty for us. We can never be sentenced to death for sins because our Lord has paid the penalty.

V. 16 17. (Jeremiah 31:31-34.) The author quotes a portion of the marvelous covenant promise, which was to be established by the Messiah as a result of his High Priestly work for his new nation, the Elect (the Gospel Church). The Hebrews are told that the Levitical priesthood could never fulfill that covenant promise.

Deuteronomy 18:15-20, Moses was told that a Second Law-Giver would come. Hebrews tells us that instead of writing God’s laws in the tables of stone, the one “like unto me”would write his laws in the hearts and minds of his people.

The author tells the Hebrews that the covenant-law which was given to Moses (and was restated by Christ in his Sermon on the Mount, which deals with the heart) according to the eternal covenant, would be permanently established in the hearts of his people. (See Deut 11:26, 29, 27:4, Jos 8:30, Deut 27, 28.)

In His Sermon, Christ, the new Moses, deliberately paralleled what the first Moses said. They both gave the same law. However, through Christ’s offering for sin that law is now part of the very being of the true covenant members. They have been “born again” a new nature with the one Law of the Everlasting God engraved in “their hearts, and in their minds”.

Jeremiah was the avenue used by the Holy Ghost to give details of “the covenant”to be established by Christ with his new people. (Heb 8:8, Ps 40:7-9 “Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me, I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.”)

Christ said that God’s law is written “within my heart”, “Christ in you”(Col 1:27) means that God’s law is likewise written in the heart of his new creation, giving a new nature, a new mind and a new heart, which is the result of the remission of sins and iniquities.

“The law will no longer be just words on a stone, but will be engraved instead on the heart. Within the covenant of Grace, when we enjoy a sensitive heart to the things of God, we find that the law becomes a part of us and we find ourselves performing the law out of a heart of gratitude to the one who offered Himself as a ransom for all. The offering should be an offering of delightrather than an offering of duty. The Lord goes on to say, "And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more."What a great and comforting promise when we are told that the Lord will remember our sins and iniquities no more. This verse was a favorite to my daddy as long as he lived upon this earth as a saved man. Even up until the time that he was nearly 90 years of age he would talk about this verse and how it spoke of his freedom in Jesus and his forgiveness that he had in the Lord. All who are in Christ Jesus can rest in Him just as my father did, because of the work that Christ performed when He offered up His body upon the cross as a payment for our sins. (Alderman, OLB)

V. 18, sins and iniquities are no longer chargeable to his people, for God remembers them no more. (Ps 103:12, Isa 45:25, Jer 50:20) Thus, there can be no more offering for sin. Any thought of a Levitical priesthood being reestablished is a denial of Christ, blasphemy.

As we have mentioned before, any humanistic system (any “plan” of redemption apart from the truth in Christ) must lead to retaining and even promoting guilt. Outside of Christianity, men are bound to the past, for they have a continual burden of guilt. They cannot look ahead to any Christian victory of taking dominion of all things for Christ and his Kingdom.

Guilt equals blackmail

Note that NSA is listening to or examining every means of communication in the US, if not in the world. An unending source of “blackmail” is contained in that all encompassing database of information. It seems obvious that blackmail now controls politics.

From the Humanistic perspective the remission of sins is only possible by man through psychology, psychotherapy, education, political acts, &c., all designed to soothe the conscience.

Bondage must continue outside of the redemption of Christ, and that bondage is effectively used by those who seek unrestrained power over mankind.

V. 18, remission of sins by the atonement by God the Son frees us from the past for a future under God. Hebrews is clear that His new nation is to be future oriented people. They are equipped with everything needed to obey God’s law that is written in their hearts. Their mandate is to subdue “his enemies”under his authority through the preaching and teaching of the gospel, and training the converts in practical obedience to God’s commands.

Psalms 110:1, is believed, but there seems desire to apply it, or maybe no idea as to how it is to be applied. Many Christians will agree that God’s law is applicable to all society, but yet refusedto apply his law. In fact, they militate against any idea of what might be called “Christian Reconstruction”, which is simply applying Christian law to society. Moreover, they may refuse to even use the term Postmillennialism, though the term simply says that all of Christ’s enemies will be made his footstool before “the end”. (1 Cor 15:24-28)