In 1:13, the authors prove the superiority of both Christ and men over Angels. Evidently there was a problem with the Jews venerating Angels. In fact, it was a common belief that it was an angel who delivered the Commandments to Moses.
1:14, it is clearly stated that angels are simply "ministering spirits" sent to minister to God's elect who are above the status of Angels.
Angels can have no part in mediation, for the Son is the only
mediator between God and man. In our world, a mediator is to be
an independent arbitrator between two parties. A proper mediator
does not mediate his own law nor his own personal cause. He is
to be an outsider, with no interest in the conflict.
This is not true with our mediator before God. The man Christ Jesus is both the great lawgiver and the judge. He mediates the law he has given, and he is not neutral concerning man's sin and transgressions.
With Jesus Christ as the mediator, man is face-to-face with the judge who established the law that was transgressed and broken. The only answer for the problem is repentance, restitution, and pardon which must come from the throne of glory. We face a mediator who has total power.
1:1, it is dangerous to neglect the sun, the mediator between God and man. We must earnestly heed his every word, "less at any time we should let them slip." Because the gospel comes from the highest possible source, which is the throne of God, we are under the most urgent necessity to hear and obey.
Acts 7:35 This Moses whom they refused, saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge? the same did God send to be a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the angel which appeared to him in the bush.
Galatians 3:18* For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise. 19* ¶ Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. 20* Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. 21* Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. 22* But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. 23* But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. 24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. 26* For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. 27* For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 28* There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if ye be Christs, then are ye Abrahams seed, and heirs according to the promise.
The Angels of God had a hand in the revelation of God's law, but it was not their law. It was God's law.
2:2. That law was steadfast and sure. The law is based on and it expresses God's holiness. therefore, the Lord could say:
Matthew 5:17* ¶ Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. 18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 19* Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
2:2, God's justice requires the punishment of "every transgression and disobedience."
2:3, considering that God's justice requires punishment for every transgression, the question is asked, "how shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation". This salvation was declared by the Lord Jesus, and it was confirmed to the world by those who were with him.
2:3, 4, God also bore witness of Jesus Christ through signs and wonders and miracles and gifts given to the apostles "according to his own will".
2:4, the Holy Spirit is stressed, reminding us that he is fully a person of the Godhead. His will is his own, yet it is in total unity with the father and the son.
2:5 "the world to come." This means a triumph of the new creation, or "the New World order", in time and in eternity this subjection of the world was not given to the Angels, but to the sun who works through the elect. There can be no exaltation of. the ministers, over the elect or over Christ Jesus. These signs, wonders, and miracles as well as the gifts of the spirit were not given to confirm any power to angels. Rather they confirm the Lordship and mediation of Jesus Christ.
2:6, Jesus is the Of Man, the Messiah. He Is One Who Suffered And Made Atonement for Our Sins, 2:9. The son of God surrendered his heavenly status to become our Redeemer and mediator. The Angels did no such thing. nor were angels created to take dominion over the earth in the name of the Lord God:
Genesis 1:26* ¶ And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. 27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. 28* And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
God's command for men to take dominion over the earth in his name is reiterated:
Psalms 8: 8:1 ¶ <<To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David.>> O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens. 2* Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. 3 ¶ When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; 4* What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? 5* For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. 6 Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet: 7* All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field; 8 The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas. 9 O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth!
Man is the heir to God's grace and salvation because he is the creature called into existence by God's creative word. His purpose was clearly established to exercise dominion and subdue all creation according to the word of God. Christ died and rose again to equip man to fulfill his created purpose to subdue the earth.
Psalms 8 assures the triumph of the Messiah through his people. It allows no place for self-pity, rather it speaks of man's calling to Dominion in the power of the new man and of the last Adam Jesus Christ. According to Psalms 8 and Hebrews because it quotes Psalms 8, man's triumph over all things has been predetermined by God.
Ac 15:18* Known unto God are all his works from the beginning
of the world.
Isaiah 46:9 Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me, 10 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure:
The world is not placed under Angels, but it has been placed
under man who is to be in subjection to man in Christ. Hebrews
2:7, 8 reminds us of the purpose of man's creation and again of
the purpose of the redeemed man in Christ. That purpose is to
rule over all the created works of God through applying the word
Though the redemptive and mediatorial work of Christ is mentioned in this section that is not the emphasis. The point is that salvation means Lordship through Christ over God's creation. The New Man in Christ Jesus is to exercise universal lordship in the name of and through the power of Christ. It is the power of Christ in us and not the power of angels that is to subdue the earth. The King of all creation is Jesus Christ, and as he is so are we in this world.
1Jo 4:17* Herein is our love made perfect, that we may have boldness in the day of judgment: because as he is, so are we in this world.
Our mediator has total power, and in him we are heir of all things.
1 Corinthians 15: 24* Then cometh the end, when he shall have
delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall
have put down all rule and all authority and power. 25* For he
must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.
26* The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. 27 For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him. 28* And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.
Here we are told that all things will be put under Christ's feet before the end, and then death itself will be destroyed. This means that the power of sin on earth is replaced by the power of Jesus Christ and then the fullness of God's new creation and eternal life will replace the fallen world order.
The purpose of Hebrews is to bring the church two an understanding and knowledge of its purpose and of its goal in Christ. It is far more than just salvation of souls as important that that is. The purpose of our salvation is to remind us and recall us to the creation mandate. We are not saved for "flowery beds of these," but for God's holy purpose, a new creation or injustice rains. Hebrews does not focus on men, but rather it focuses on the kingdom of God and his righteousness or justice. Matthew 6:33.
It makes clear that Jesus Christ is the only mediator between God and man. Religion is not the mediator, nor the church, nor are angels, nor the so-called saints of the past. To seek any other mediator is dangerous and abandons the atonement that only Christ could purchase.