|On-Line Bible Lessons|
Pastor Ovid Need
NOTE: The lessons are old, and I would love to go back and add to them, but that would require hundreds of hours.Time also prevents correcting minor errors, e.g., abbreviations in text, wrong abbreviations, mixed tenses in a sentence (though I have tried to catch all of them), caps, etc. There are also some comments at the end of the chapters.
Place your answer in the space provided. Put ANS before each answer. Capitalize, ANS:
We covered a little of the OT aspects of the covenant in our last lesson, and now it would be well to cover a little concerning the NT doctrine of the covenant. Yet before we move on, we ought to observe a few things. We mentioned the covenant law of God. With this law He said, "Do this and live, fail and die." The people said, "Fine, we'll agree with that." Deut. 28 covers this well.
1. Why were the OT people of God devoured by their enemies,
Isa. 5:24, 25?
Of interest here is that this covenant law (do this and live, fail and die) not only covered His people Israel, but every nation under the sun was covered under this covenant-law, Isa. 13:1 to 23:18.
It isn't hard to find the nations of the world mentioned in this lengthy passage. Just a few would be 13:19; 14:25; 15:1, etc.. To confirm this even more, notice Ps. 9:17. How does a nation forget God? It's by removing His name from public mention or is it by removing His laws from public policy? Therefore, we see that the Lord's covenant of His law was made with all of mankind. The original covenant, "obey my Word and live, fail and die," was made with Adam. In Adam, all men fall under the curse as covenant-breakers. Thus, under this curse of death, it is in Christ where the strength (grace) is given to be a covenant keeper, thereby avoiding the curse, I Cor. 15:21, 22.
2. What is the Lord going to do in Isa. 24:1-3? ______________________________________
a. Why, Isa. 24:5? ___________________________________________________________________
3. Why was Babylon judged, Jer. 50:14? _______________________________________________
a. What does God say should be done to her, Isa. 50:15, 29? __________________________
Thus we see that not only was the curse of Deut. 28 pronounced against His people, but also pronounced against all the nations of the world -- every nation which forgets God and breaks the covenant. Notice Jer. 51:11. Here is the reason that all nations which ignore God's laws will be judged. It is the "vengeance of the Lord." It is because of sin against the Creator of the Universe. He established the principles and laws which govern all of life. No matter who it might be, their sin is against the God of the Universe. He will seek vengeance against them, Ps. 51:4.
We see this principle of the covenant-law for all of mankind restated again by Paul in Rom. 2:6-16, as well as many other places. It will stand until the sun falls from the sky. Malachi sums up this covenant relationship between God and all of the inhabitants of the earth in chp. 4. Here is a curse promised to all who forget the law of Moses or the law of the covenant.
I Pet. 1 shows us some things along this line. First, it is according to His abundant mercy He hath begotten us, v. 3. Second, we are begotten to an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled in heaven, v. 4. Third, we are kept in this hope by the power of God, v. 5. Fourth, while we wait for this hope, many trials and temptations will befall us, vv. 6, 7. Fifth, we will be kept in these trials and temptations by the power of God. This salvation by His grace was seen of old, vv. 10, 11. Sixth, we have the call to remain faithful and true to the One who called us -- true to His Holy standard which He has called us to, vv. 13-16. Seventh, we see that all who will not be holy even as He is Holy will face His judgment, v. 17. Eighth, Christ redeemed us with, His precious blood that we might have His indwelling power (grace) to meet the Fathers holy requirements for us, thereby avoiding the judgment of v. 17, v. 18- 21. Ninth, our souls are purified through this obedience to the truth, v. 22.
Notice what Peter has pointed out. The whole of mankind is under the wrath and judgment of God as covenant-breakers. God chose out a people (v. 20) by His mercy to establish His grace in that they might now be covenant-keepers thereby avoiding His wrath and judgment. This chosen people are to show His grace and mercy to the whole earth as He works through them. This choice is made in Christ Jesus. Yet, just because someone is now in Christ does not exempt them from the judgment and wrath of God against the covenant-breaker here on this earth. If they are in Him, they have an eternal inheritance, yet, as disobedient children (covenant-breakers), they will still inherit His chastening hand. Heb., chps. 10, 12 will confirm what Peter said.
The covenant-law covers all of mankind. There is no place where man can go to escape from God's law-word. The principles of life and death as established are as total as is all of creation, Ps. 139.
Let's pursue this covenant a little more into the NT. Paul, in Heb. 12:18-29, takes the old covenant as given on the mount to Moses and applies it to the church.
4. What is the NT church called, Heb. 12:22, 23? There are
at least three NT names for the church given here.
5. As we saw last time, the old covenant was sealed with the blood of bulls and goats. What is the renewed covenant sealed with, Heb. 12:24? ________________________________________
6. Paul makes a comparison. First, what was the just reward
to those who broke the old covenant, Heb. 10:28?
a. Second, what does he say about those who break the second
covenant and why, Heb. 10:29?
7. The old covenant law was written where, II Cor. 3:3; Heb. 9:4? ________________________
a. The new covenant is written where? ___________________________________________________
This is the indwelling Holy Spirit of God; the Spirit of Grace living in His people giving them the desire and power to please Him.
The people of the OT covenant saw God as a consuming fire,
Ex. 20:18, 19. The people of the NT covenant also see God as a
consuming fire, Heb. 12:29. We also see that the ages until Christ's
return represented a great shaking of the
nations which are covenant-breakers and this shaking climaxed with the fall of the nations which are covenant-breakers, so that those things which cannot be shaken may remain, Heb. chp. 12.
8. The people of God (church) have the grace of God that they might be covenant-keepers, members of the heavenly kingdom of Christ which cannot be shaken or moved. Notice, what is the purpose of grace, Heb. 12:28? ____________________________________________________________
Needless to say, we see a great and terrible shaking going on today among the nations which have and are attempting to overthrow God's law-order. Our only hope is to claim this grace daily, Heb. 4:16. This grace is power to keep His covenant law so that we can remain firm and unmovable through this great shaking of the nations. In fact, we can even rejoice as we see God's hand in the "shaking" of the wicked who are in revolt against the God of the covenant, Ps. 2. The rebellious nations must fall just as sure as Babylon fell, or God's principles are no longer in effect and we can do as we please.
Let's cover a couple of more points in closing.
9. What is forbidden in Deut. 7:2? ___________________________________________________
10. What will happen to ALL who ignore His covenant law, Deut.
29:18-24? (Notice, Paul quotes this passage in Heb. 12:29, showing
us that the church is now the covenant people).
11. What is the destiny of the covenant-breakers, Isa. 28:14-18;
Men and nations make covenants with death as they attempt to void God's law of the covenant. The word of God is clear, there is no escape from His law. We see from Ezek. 21:27, as well as from Ps. 2, that the purpose of God is to overturn all things which oppose Christ and His Kingdom. In Ezek. 20:19-20, God revealed Himself in the law, and especially His sabbath, that He might be known. Finally, we see that His judgment against the covenant-breakers is to the end that "ye shall know that I am the Lord God, Ezek. 23:49."
In Christ we are no longer sinners or antinomian - anti-law. The Spirit of God places the desire in us to love His law and to obey Him, Ps. 119. Of course we are still sinners in the fact that we still fall short of the mark of what Christ is. Here we have two definitions of sinners. One is anti-law or antinomian. In Christ this is removed. The other is being short of the mark established for us in the law of God. Everyone falls short of this one. This is covered very well in I Jn. If a man is still antinomian, anti-law then, he is not His, I Jn. 3:5-12; II Cor. 5:17. Yet, if we say we do not fall short of the mark, then we are not His either, I Jn. 1:8-10.
Here is where we are today. God must judge the covenant-breakers,
both the heathen, Christ rejecters, as well as the ones who claim
to be His. Hosea is very strong on this point. Notice 8:12, the
law of His covenant is counted as a strange thing. The heart is
divided as they try to serve both Him and the world, flesh and
the devil, 10:2. They fear not the Lord, for if they did they
would serve Him with an undivided heart, 10:3. The
final result is self-destruction, 13:9.
Let us be reminded here that Paul pointed out the judgment of God is a "much sorer punishment" against His people who count the NT Blood of the Covenant an unholy thing. They do this by going their own way in violation of the covenant-law after they have entered into the covenant through the blood of Christ, born again.
Our only hope in this day of judgment against the covenant-breakers is found in our faithfulness to the covenant-law of our God, Ps. 3, 4; Heb. 10:27-39; Rom., chp. 2.
12. Who is the tribulation and anguish of God against, Rom. 2:6-9?________________________
a. The covenant promise of glory, honour and peace from God
is upon who, Rom. 2:10-11?