Our day of unending turmoil and prevalence of sin makes this a very good passage to examine. Here we find a great amount of hope and confidence that our God shall prevail, and the very gates of hell will fall before Him.
This Psalm is a direct reference to the Messiah, and fits in well with Peter's statement in Acts 2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
I know of no passage that has more of the victorious Christ in it than does this chapter. Moreover, it shows us how the Kingdom of God will replace the kingdom of men.
This Psalm speaks a great deal about the gospel of the kingdom. That gospel is summed up thusly: both Lord and Christ. The gospel of the Kingdom: Lord means that He demands that His laws prevail for His people, and that His followers serve another king, Jesus. Christ means He redeemed His people, and gave them the desire and power to love and follow the Laws of His kingdom.
Starting with Rome, all anti-Christ nations understand what the vast majority of Christians do not understand nor will they accept; that is, the followers of Christ have another King, and that King has another law-order operating in their nation. The powers of this world know that Christs laws militate against their man-made laws. That militancy is not with a bloody sword, but it fights for the hearts and souls of men. If left unchecked, His laws will dethrone all earthly powers and authorities. In other words, Christs new society overturns the results of the Fall by giving a new nature, will overthrow the old man-centered society which resulted from the Fall. The anti-Christ crowd can imagine no worse fate than having to live under Gods law and all it implies. Men would rather live under the extremely poverty stricken and oppressive Sharia law of murder and mayhem than under Gods law which brings peace and prosperity. (Some churchmen give the same impression---anything but the Commandments.)
Acts 17:7 Whom Jason hath received: and these all do contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, [one] Jesus.
Through the ages, the wicked have understood that Biblical Law means the end of their world, and the overthrow their seats of authority. The battle to the death has raged since the Fall, and the evidence of that battle is all around us today.
Also this Psalm describes the seating of the "Lord" in the heavens:
Ephesians 1:20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:22 And hath put all things under his feet,
The context of Hebrews chapter one placed this Psalm into action when Christ ascended to the right hand of the majesty on high:
Hebrews 1:13 But to which of the angels said he at any time,
Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?(Also
Psalms 110:1 « A Psalm of David. » The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. (V. 1 is one of the most quoted verses in the New Testament.) 2 The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. 3 Thy people [shall be] willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. 4 The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek. 5 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. 6 He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill [the places] with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries. 7 He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.
Luke 20:42 And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, 43 Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
And many more passages show this Psalm in action. Anyone who loves His appearing will find this Psalm one of the most exciting passages in Scripture, for it clearly reveals our King high and lifted up. It describes our Lord as He sits upon His throne subduing all His enemies, as well as over God's heritage as David ruled over Gods people. (Both David and Solomon received gifts from their conquered enemies.)
This Psalm is too good to pass over lightly; therefore, we will take a lengthy look into it. It will give us another view of our King, so we can understand Him more fully. Actually, He is King of the whole earth as is clearly presented in Hebrews. 1.
We might mention that some of the authors we checked with on this Psalm, including the Pulpit Commentary identify this king as King Solomon. Such identification does great harm, not only to the context of this Psalm, but also such an understanding destroys the clear teaching of Hebrews 1. Spurgeon, in his "Treasury of David," treats this closest to what we think the teaching of the Scripture to be. His treatment is excellent and his ideas are good starting points. ("Treasury of David", in 3 Volumes. MacDonald Publishing )
No doubt this Psalm gives us one of the clearest views of the position as well as the work of our great King. It will be well worth our time to examine this Psalm. As we checked J. Hastings' "Dictionary of the Bible." "Dictionary of Christ," as well as his "Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics," there were many pages dealing with the several aspects of the Kingdom. As we look at this Psalm, this is only one small aspects of His Kingdom, and maybe not even one which Hastings deals with.
Viewing this Psalm in the light of Hebrews 1 is as contrary to modern, defeated Christian thought as about anything can be. No doubt it is resisted because this psalm requires responsibility on the part of the Elect of God.
V.1 Notice the source of this Psalm: It is springing up from the Psalmist's heart. The margin reads--boileth, or bubbleth up. Here we see that what this Psalmist is about to write is boiling over out of his heart, and he cannot contain it.
Spurgeon quotes Christopher Wordsworth here (Pg. 323 Vol. I) "Good matter, the good spell, or gospel." If this be true, then in this Psalm we have a very good presentation and explanation of the gospel of the Kingdom which Christ came preaching,
Matthew 3:1 In those days came John the Baptist, preaching
in the wilderness of Judaea, 2 And saying, Repent ye: for the
kingdom of heaven is at hand.
Matthew 4:17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
Acts 28:31 Preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding him.
As the Psalmist thinks and meditates on the goodness of the King and His Kingdom, his heart overflows, and he has really no choice but to write it down for others to hear and read. He is compelled to share his thoughts about the King with the world.
If we would but take time to think and meditate on the wonders and glories of our Great King, we would find the same results. Our hearts also would overflow with His goodness, and the influence this would have on others would be amazing indeed. If our testimony for Christ were an overflow of our realization of who He is, then we also could see the world turned upside down as the early church did,
Acts 17:6 And when they found them not, they drew Jason and certain brethren unto the rulers of the city, crying, These that have turned the world upside down are come hither also;
Nor could we hold back the bubbling-over anymore than could this Psalmist. Those around us would have to 'endure' the same thing as those of 45:5 did here and Christ would be glorified, and His Kingdom advanced (as we will see in v. 5).
As touching the king: The psalmist will discuss some other things: the church, the heathen, the righteous, but his major message is the King. The "good matter" is the gospel: He is both Lord and Christ.
The KING! What a subject. Here we have a marvelous subject for a Psalm. In fact, God wrote a very large book on the subject of the King. That book has other things in it, because it is a history of Gods dealing with man, and how man can be at peace with God. But the one theme, from the first verse, In the beginning, God to the last Amen, is THE KING.
Touching the king--And that is all we can do, only touch the King here in this life. We will not really know much about Him until we see Him. In this life, we can only touch him; however, some day we will know Him in the fullness of His power and glory. We can say with Isaiah 33:17 Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off. And what a day that will be.
We have only ONE message which is of any use to a sin-sick world. We have only one message which will cure the ills of our nation. That message IS NOT pass new laws, enforce the ones we have, nor is it even "return to the constitution." That message must be touching the king. His message alone holds any hope. The message of both Lord and Christ will cure the ills, heal the hurt, balm the wounds, and bring order to the massive confusion.
Our enemy will let us cry out "Get back to the constitution". He will even send others along to help us cry out and get back to the constitution, but the only message which will solve any problem is touching the king, for this King is both Lord and Christ. That message is salvation and obedience to the sovereign KING. The only common grounds we have with anyone we unite with is the Saviour and Sovereign, the KING.
We have a story to tell to the nations, and that story is the same one this Psalmist has. The preaching of the Kingdom of God. All of the apostles presented it, and they turned the world upside down with it. The Psalmist here will give the same message. There is an abundance of scriptures which apply this Psalm. Here are a few:
Luke 8:1 And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout
every city and village, preaching and shewing the glad tidings
of the kingdom of God: and the twelve [were] with him,
John 3:3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. 4 Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mothers womb, and be born? 5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and [of] the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
John 18:36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.
Colossians 1:13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated [us] into the kingdom of his dear Son:
1 Thessalonians 2:12 That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.
James 2:5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?
2 Peter 1:11 For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
Also, Lk. 1:33; Acts 1:3; 14:22; 19:8; 20:25; 28:23, 31; Matt. 3:2; 4:17, 23; Heb. 1:8, to name a few.
There are 159 references to this 'kingdom' listed in the New Testament alone, which tells us that the kingdom as being a very key subject in the gospels. In fact, every New Testament author makes reference to the Kingdom. Matthew 4:23 tells us that Christ went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and preaching the gospel of the kingdom,
This gospel did not change at His death because 34 of the 159 references to this kingdom are after Acts 1:1. You will find it was the gospel of the kingdom which cost Stephen his life as well as costing our Lord His life. There is no reason to think the message of Stephen was any different from that of Philip in Acts 8:12 But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women. Also Acts 7.
This gospel of the kingdom brought tremendous conviction when Peter, Philip and Paul preached that gospel; it is used as the standard of parching by every New Testament author. Did not Paul travel the world with the message of the Gospel of the Kingdom, and how to expand it by teaching and applying the laws of that Kingdom in the church? (The laws of His kingdom are found in the Commandments and their many applications and implications. Our problem is that the church is refusing to even recognize the laws of that kingdom, let alone apply them.)
Failure to preach the message of the King and His kingdom will avoid the persecution which Christ and Stephen endured, but avoiding the message will also avoid the glorious results which were seen by Peter, Paul and Philip. Can we afford NOT to speak of the things which the Psalmist speaks of "as touching the king?"
We have no message except the message as touching the king. We need to pray that our tongue would be as is the pen of a ready writer when it comes to speaking about the King of kings and Lord of lords. Let us take up our pen and write it down that we might be reminded of the beauty of our KING to us.
O, that we might see with our eyes, even here as this Psalmist did, a glimpse of this KING in His beauty. How much different would be our attitudes, actions, and message, as well as the results we would see around us. "God, open our eyes that, even now, we might see our KING in His beauty and fall down with worship and adoration. Then, rise up with obedience to the KING of all creation."
The more we look at and meditate on this Psalm, the more we are convinced that this is a very complete and thorough outline of the message of the King and His kingdom referred to in the New Testament and by every New Testament preacher, exemplified especially by Paul.
Thou are fairer... His heart has burst forth in praise concerning the king. The heart of praise reveals His beauty and ONLY His people can see this beauty.
We are told in Isa. 53:2, He hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. The indication here is that to the natural eye and natural man, He has no beauty. We see "pictures" of a man today which are passed off as being this KING. They are simply a product of someones vivid and vain imagination. They present a 'beautiful' man, but we are told that He has no physical beauty that would attract the natural man to him.
There was nothing physically attractive about Him even though He was a perfect specimen of manhood. Why? Because the Father is the one who must give Him His followers,
Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered unto me of my Father:
and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any
man the Father, save the Son, and [he] to whomsoever the Son will
John 11:52 And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad.
John 17:11 ¶ And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are.
John 6:44 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
Observe that the book of John especially, shows us that man cannot choose Christ, but that the Father must choose those who will come to Christ.
6:15 When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone.
How many times did men try to choose Christ to be their king, but knowing what was in the heart of men and that they simply wanted a king who would supply all their needs, Christ refused to be chosen by men. Thus, we clearly see that any message that teaches men can choose Christ must be a message of doom.
The Father, through the Holy Spirit, must reveal His beauty to His people. The natural "eye" cannot see His beauty, nor does the natural man want to see His beauty. His beauty can only be revealed by the Spirit. In Psalms 45, the Spirit has glorified the Son to one of His people, the Psalmist, and the Son is beautiful beyond words or comparison. There is no man ever to walk upon this earth who is "fairer" than the KING is to His people,
Romans 3:11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. 12 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
Song of Solomon 5:16 says this best: yea, he is altogether lovely. There is no comparison of Him to anyone. What is beauty? Who defines beauty? Man's idea is completely contrary to God's idea. But when we see Him with our eyes, as Job looked forward to, He will be the most beautiful person ever seen by the eyes of men.
Job 19:23 ¶ Oh that my words were now written! oh that they were printed in a book! 24 That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever! 25 For I know [that] my redeemer liveth, and [that] he shall stand at the latter [day] upon the earth: 26 And [though] after my skin [worms] destroy this [body], yet in my flesh shall I see God: 27 Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; [though] my reins be consumed within me.
The Psalmist here has no comparison for the King. All he can say is that, he is fairer than the children of men. Who would you compare "God with us" with? How would you describe "God incarnate in the flesh?" What standard could we use? He is fairer than ten thousand (times ten thousand and thousands of thousands) to my soul.
O Father, may your Holy Spirit enable us to see the beauty of our wonderful King. Might our heart also break forth in praise at His beauty which can only be seen by the Spirit dwelling within us. What a wonderful Saviour and how sorely is His beauty needed in the ugly world around us.
"Grace is poured.. Jn. 1:14, And the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father) full of grace and truth. V.17, grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
Lk. 4:22, And all bare witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. This is a New Testament passage for Psalms 45:2, 'Grace.' The Father poured His grace without measure into Christ. The Holy Spirit that brings the Grace of God to man was fully upon the King. The result were "gracious words" at all times; words which reflected the mind and attitude of the Father at all times:
Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man. 10 For it became him, for whom [are] all things, and by whom [are] all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
Our words are to reflect the mind an attitude of the Heavenly Father
Colossians 4:6 Let your speech [be] alway with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man.
Our speech should always be with grace. Grace was poured into His lips. His every word brought revealed grace. The graceful words from His lips should cause our hearts to burn, as it did the Psalmist.
2 Peter 1:1 ¶ Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ: 2 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord, 3 According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that [pertain] unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: 4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
Through the work of Christ we also have His divine nature, therefore, there is no reason not to exhibit this grace.
..therefore... He was total grace and truth. As such He also had total obedience to the Father, even to the death. The result? God hath blessed Him forever. He tasted death for every man. The perfect God-man did the perfect work of meditation which resulted in God hath highly exalted him.
Philippians 2:6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: 7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: 8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. 9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: 10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth; 11 And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Because of His humility and obedience to God the Father, even to the death of the cross, God hath highly exalted Him.
There is a key word in Phil. 2:9 and Psalms 45:2 Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.
Hath shows us that v. 2 has already taken place. He has already reached His exalted position over all of creation. He has already ascended the throne over God's heritage, His people, and we are seated with Him there, Ephesians 1:19, 20.
Three outstanding points:
First, Ps. 45 only uses one sentence to describe what took place in Christ's earthly ministry. Grace is poured into thy lips. This speaks of His meditation work. The result of this meditation work is, God hath blessed him forever, and He now sits at God's right hand of power.
Second, from this point on in Psalms 45, it is referring to His work as He sits at His exalted place as King, rather than His meditation work as is emphasized in Hebrews.
The meditation work of our Saviour was concealed from the Old
Testament prophets. They placed most of their emphasis on His
rule as King, not fully able to see His sacrifice for sin. They
knew something about it, and desired to look into it, but the
main thing they were shown was His rule over His Kingdom.
Example: The Psalmist here saw only a very small portion of the human, earthly work of the King. Only one line is used to describe this work. Then he saw the results: Therefore, God hath blessed thee forever. Then the rest of what he sees is the reign of the King. The emphasis seems here to be more on His reign than on His work. But, of course, His reign is based upon His work with the one little word, therefore God...
Third, v. 2 shows us where our emphasis needs to be. The redemptive work of Christ MUST BE the basic emphasis, whereupon everything else is built: Upon this rock I will build my church.
Luke 6:48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged
deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose,
the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake
it: for it was founded upon a rock. 49 But he that heareth, and
doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house
upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently,
and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.
Romans 15:20 Yea, so have I strived to preach the gospel, not where Christ was named, lest I should build upon another mans foundation:
1 Corinthians 3:10 According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon. 11 ¶ For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ. 12 Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble;13 Every mans work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every mans work of what sort it is. 14 If any mans work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward. 15 If any mans work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire. 16 ¶ Know ye not that ye are hte temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
Hebrews 11:10 For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker [is] God.
But there is far more to serving the Kingdom than just the glorious foundation; it includes building on that foundation.
Hebrews 5:12 For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. 13 For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
Certainly, the Gospel of Redemption is the cornerstone of the Kingdom, but there must be serious teaching and practical application of the Kingdom laws for the Kingdom to be properly established and built.
Hebrews 6, God clearly tells us to move on. Don't reemphasize over and over the foundation once it has been laid. Now is time to go on and teach how to build on that foundation. Now is the time to teach about the Kingdom, the King and our responsibility to HIM, and His law-word. Now we must see what is expected of us so we can be a fit building for His habitation. (I Cor. 3:16)
I worked for Tousley-Bixler after I got out of the service. My first job with them was as an oiler on a crane that was working in the keyway of the Eagle Creek Dam being built at I 74 and I 465 in Indianapolis. When I first went to the job site, they were digging the foundation for the dam. If I remember right, they had to go as deep, i.e. the key way, as they went high to keep the water from going under the dam. The draglines and pans (earthmovers) were down in the keyway preparing a foundation which was 75 to 100 ft deep. However, there came a time when that foundation had to be built upon, or the project would have been a failure. I was promoted to operated one of the pans for that season.
The Hebrews 6 author says, "You are saved; you understand these foundation doctrines. The foundation of repentance, faith, baptisms, hands, resurrection and judgment. Move on and built upon this. Now that you are saved, baptized, ready for the resurrection and judgment, build the house. Your responsibility now is to expand the Kingdom of God on earth, and subdue all nations under his footstool."
We must start studying and emphasizing the King; that is, how to please Him, how to advance His kingdom, how to work for Him, and how to bring all things into subjection to His Law-Word and thus under His footstool. Expanding His kingdom is our responsibility, Matt. 6:33, 1 Cor. 10:31. We must find how to apply his word in our area of calling, on our job, in our communities and in our homes.
To stay on the basic would be like working all your life on the foundation of a beautiful house, but never put up a brick or block on the walls. The foundation is firmly laid. Now we need to build.
We have a lot of Bible-believing churches who dig deep and wide. They have a beautiful foundation which cannot be shaken, but, as far as building any walls upon it with the "total crown rights of King Jesus," the foundation is, all to often bare.
The Psalmist here lays a firm foundation, but he spends his time on the KING. Let us do the same. Matthew 5:6, might our heart burn after or thirst after what would please the KING, for He alone is worthy of any praise, honor, glory, or effort on our part:
Revelation 5:12 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.
Might we add here: Is this why people like to hear the basic things over and over, or even like to preach them the basics only? The modern view of the basics require no commitment to the King and his Kingdom, and takes the pressure off of the people.
Moreover, the secular, anti-Christ state will allow and maybe even encourage emphasis on the first things of the gospel of grace, for it holds no threat to their claim of sovereignty. But when we start emphasizing another King, one Jesus, then they perceive a great threat, and the Divinely promised persecution shall come. (2 Tim 3:12)
Acts 17:6 And when they found them not, they drew Jason and certain brethren unto the rulers of the city, crying, These that have turned the world upside down are come hither also; 7 Whom Jason hath received: and these all do contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, [one] Jesus.
V. 2, therefore, God hath blessed thee for ever. We might also mention here that we can be joint heirs with Christ to this blessing forever. The more faithful we are to the KING the more we will be able to enjoy these blessings even now.
We will stop here for now, and pick up at v. 3 next time.