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Pastor Ovid Need
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The Pharisees... We have mentioned these fellows, and will see a lot more about them.
1. What did the Pharisees notice about Jesus, (this fits with Jn. 3:30) v. 1?
2. Where did Jesus plan to go, v. 3?
a. What route did he take, v. 4?
b. Why did He have to go this route, Jn. 8:29?
The Samaritans were a cross between the Hebrew race and the Babylonians. When Babylon conquered Israel, they carried away many captives, and they sent back to Israel Babylonian people to till the ground. These Babylonian "transplants" then intermarried with the Israelites which were still in the land, (II Ki. 17).
At the time of Christ, the old land of Palestine (Israel) was divided into three parts: Galilee on the North, Samaria in the middle, and Judea on the South. Herod Antipas was king in Galilee. (See the map in back of your Bible, PALESTINE IN THE TIME OF OUR SAVIOUR, or IN THE TIME OF CHRIST.)
Jewsthis was a generic name for all Israelites by this time. Paul called himself a Jew even though he was of the tribe of Benjamin, Ph. 3:5. Further back in the history of this nation, only the tribe of Judah was considered Jews. From the time of the return from their Babylon captivity (record of this captivity in II Ki. 17 and the return in Ezra and Nehemiah), all who returned to the land of Judah were considered Jews because they lived in Judea. Another important point here: We often hear of ten lost tribes. There is no such thing. All of the apostles knew to which tribe they belonged. When someone starts talking about the ten lost tribes, we had better beware. More often than not, they are about to present some false doctrine.
3. How did the Jews regard this mixed race of Samaritans, v. 9?
The Jews despised the Samaritans so much that they would travel out of their way in order to go around Samaria. Their main mode of travel was walking. Only one time do we have a record of Christ riding, and that was on a borrowed donkey when he rod into Jerusalem.
As Christ passed through this land, he came to Sychar, and went to the well which Jacob had dug close to 1,500 years earlier, Gen. 33:19. Christ was weary and sat on the well.
4. A woman of the city comes out to draw water. What does Christ ask her, v. 7?
a. How does this woman respond, v. 9?
5. What is this gift of God, v. 10? (II Cor. 9:15; I Cor. 1:30; Rom. 8:32)
6. What would he give to this woman upon being asked, v. 10?
a. Why does Jesus call it this, vv. 12-14; (Jn. 6:35)?
Notice Matt. 5:6: There is a hunger and thirst in every person, even unsaved, placed there by the Creator. People will look everywhere and spend huge amounts of money seeking to fulfill this desire. Yet only salvation as found in Christ and serving Him can fulfill this inner craving, (hunger and thirst).
7. The woman wanted what Christ was offering, but why did she want it, v. 15?
8. Christ shows her that her need isn't some water to drink. How does he do this? What does He say to her, v. 16?
a. What does she answer, v. 17?
b. What does Jesus tell her, vv. 17-18?
c. By telling her this, what did he show her, v. 19, (Deut. 18:18)?
The woman understands now that Jesus is a man of God, not yet realizing that He is the Messiah. As do all sinners, she now starts excusing why she is like she is and does not worship God. (The Samartians did have a very confusing worship.) Many times when folks understand that we are a Christian and that we might confront them with salvation (conversion) or with serving the Lord, they will come up with many excuses (before we even ask them), as to why they cannot attend church or change their ways. Of course, the unsaved has no desire to attend a good Bible preaching church, nor do they have the desire nor power to change their ways. Only God's grace can do these things in the hearts of sinners.
Jerusalem was the place where they were commanded to worship God under the old testament system of government (economy). (V. 20. Deut. 12:5.) Christ FOREVER did away with that system of worship of God that required going to a physical location at Jerusalem and offering sacrifices. That system may be restored some day, but if it is, it will be done in rebellion against God, and will have His curse against it.
9. When was the Old Testament system of worshipping God at the city of Jerusalem in the land of Palestine done away with, vv. 21-23?
a. How must people worship God now, vv. 23-24?
b. Why, v. 24?
Under the Old Testament economy, the worshiper had to offer up animals as sacrifice for sin, for vows, for dedication of themselves, etc. There were many reasons for the offerings they made. There was only one place where these offerings and sacrifices could be made and they would be accepted by God. That was at the temple at Jerusalem, Heb. 5:1.
c. When the worshiper took his offering to the temple, what did this point to, Heb. 8:1-6 (v. 5); 10:1-12?
d. What kind of sacrifice is God pleased with now, Heb. 13:15, 16?
e. In I Pet. 2:5, we are required to offer spiritual sacrifices rather than bulls and goats as they were required to do in the Old Testament. What would be included in this New Testament sacrifice, Rom. 12:1, 2?
1.) What all is included in this sacrifice?
2.) How can this be accomplished, I Cor. 10:31?
f. Where is the true temple of God, I Cor. 3:17?
Therefore, no matter where in the world people are located, they can worship God, Heb. 4:16. Additionally, there is still the command for public assemblies. In fact, it is a sin to forsake these public assemblies, Heb. 10:25, 26.
Jn. 4:25. The woman knew the Scriptures even though she was living in sin. Her reference here is to Deut. 18:15; Dan. 9:24. V. 26, Christ tells her that He is the one she has read and heard about, the Messiah. He confirmed this in vv. 18, 19, when He proved He was the Prophet.
There is a very important point here in Jn. 4:26, that is, Spirit. Adam communed with God through his spirit, because God is a Spirit. When Adam sinned, this communion was broken because his spirit died (or became cut off from God, inoperative). When salvation (conversion, or life) through the truth (Jesus Christ) enters in through faith in His finished work, the spirit of the sinner is brought back to "life", Eph. 2:1. He passes from death into life. Communion , communication and fellowship is restored. Everything Adam lost through sin is restored in Christ.
The word salvation means deliverance, preservation, victory, and health, and it refers to material and temporal deliverance, as well as personal, national, temporal and eternal triumph. The Biblical doctrine of salvation is so clearly one of victory, that it must be emphatically stated that salvation is not escape. (Rushdoony, Salvation and Godly Rule, 1. Ross House Books, Box 67, Vallecito, CA 95251. See Matt. 28:19, 20; Eph. 1:20-26.)
Notice Jn. 4:24, must. There is no choice. The only way that God can be worshipped is through Christ. Any offer to approach God through any other method is a false religion and a lie.
His disciples had gone to buy food, v. 8. When they return, they find him talking with this woman. Even though they were amazed that he, being a devout Jew, would talk with this Samaritan woman, they did not dare to question him about it. This was (and is) wise, for the creation has no right to question the Creator and the working of the Lord. (Dan. 4:35, applied by Paul in Rom. chap. 11.)
10. The woman was impressed. What did she do, vv. 28-30?
11. The disciples had the food, so now they asked the Lord to eat. The Lord tells them he is no longer hungry. Why, v. 34?
12. What did Christ tell his disciples, vv. 35-37?
13. What was the result of the woman telling others what Christ had done for her, v. 39?
a. How long did Christ remain here, vv. 40, 43?
What kind of an affect do our words and life have on others?
He then went to Galilee, where he was from. Because he was a "home town" boy, the people here did not think much of him. The Lord said that this was common, v. 43. He could not do many mighty works there because of their unbelief, Mk. 6:1-6.
14. Jesus went back to Cana where He had made wine out of water. Who met Him there, v. 46?
a. Why, v. 47?
b. What did Jesus do, v. 50?
c. What did this cause the man to do, v. 53?
This was one of the longer chapters in this book, and it contains some very important records, especially in the discourse with the woman. Just within that small passage, vv. 21-24, all of the book of Hebrews is presented. Christ did away with everything of the Old Testanebt system of worship that pointed to his sacrifice. That old system was done away with FOREVER. It can never be restored without denying what Christ did for His people upon the cross.