|Messages By Ovid Need|
Peter points out that David was indeed an inspired prophet. In fact David exercised all three offices of prophet, priest as well as king.
Peter explains God's promise to David to these people as though they did not know what it was. "The promise," says Peter, "given to David is that God would raise up one of his decendants to sit upon his throne." Peter then clearly identifies Christ as the Decendant Who was promised to David.
V. 31, Peter is dealing with any false hope in a resurection of David to reclaim his throne. He points out that the promise was that the seed of Davie would not remain in the grave long enough to see corruption, or for his body to decay. This could not be speaking of David, for his body was still among them.
Therefore, it is obvious that David, being an inspired prophet, spake of the resurrection of Christ; Jesus was the promised Decendant of David Who would be raised up to sit upon David's throne.
There are a great many passages along this line which prove that Christ was the fulfillment, but we will only look one, Mk 16:19 that after the Lord had spoken unto them he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.
If we look up the multitude of Scripture and compare Scripture with Scripture, the inescapable conclusion is that Christ is right now the King over all powers and authorities; He is presently ruling over all creation according to His law-word and for His glory. Everything is subject to Him; all things are working His plan, purpose and for His glory.
The question is not if He is right now ruling over all things from heaven. The question is: "How long will He let evil appearently prevail over righteousness before He brings about righteousness through His law-word."
I. Christ ascended to the right hand of Majesty and power on high.
II. He will remain there until the appointed time.
III. All things are now under his feet, subject to him. Every power and name that can be named or ever will be named.
IV. It's all for His glory and shows HIS WISDOM.
V. It will all come out according to His eternal purpose.
VI. AND WE WILL REJOICE IN CHRIST FOR ALL ETERNITY.
The kingdom is now His and His laws govern among the nations, Ps 22:28 For the kingdom [is] the LORD'S: and he [is] the governor among the nations. (Psalms 22:28)
How can this be? Just look around us. The basic law upon which everything is build is whatsoever a man soweth that shall he also reap. This law applies to every living soul, saved and unsaved alike.
Back to Acts 2:30-36, He would raise up Christ to sit on His throne. God would raise up Christ to set on David's throne. David ruled over God's people of His day and ruled according to the law-word of God. Christ is right now seated in the place of authority over God's chosen people, the elect or the church, Eph 1:20-23. Christ today holds the same place over God's people as did David; He is ruler over God's covenant people. He is ruler over every thing and every one.
> His laws against immorality are in effect. No matter how much money is spent on science, the resulting diseases are spreading like wild fire.
> His monetary laws are in effect. I believe we are on the verge of an economic collapse as the result of ignoring His financial laws. We will see some of this next Sunday evening.
> Families are dying like flies because His laws governing family relationships are ignored.
> Crime and drugs are completely out of control because God's revealed laws are being ignored as "not for us today."
> His people are servants to the loan companies and banks because they refuse to obey "owe no man anything".
It is interesting that a society which is interested in the future more than in the present will have a good savings and investment record. A society more interested in the prestent than in the future will have a bad dept record. Hy investment and savings should result in low interest rates. High borrowing results in high interest rates. We see this right now as the FED lowers interest rates trying to get consummers to borrow instead of repaying their debts.
We need to keep in mind that Scripture difines two distinct uses of money.
1) One is loaning; the loans to a needy child of God are to be intrestrest free. The word of God never addresses long term consummer loans as we have today: car, tv, even houses, but it does say that loans at interest can be made to the strangers, De 23:20.
Ez 18:8-13 defines usury as any increase taken from the poor Christian brother in return for having made to him a loan.
Deut 15:7 ff tells us that loans without interest are to be made to the needy Christian brother. The Book of James reemphises this requirement.
2) The other is investment; investment in a dream which hopes for a return and accepts the risk of failuar. Buisness is not charity and should not be confused with charity.
Mat 25:14 ff shows us that the godly man will invest wisely what the Lord has blessed him with. I read the artical in today's Indpls paper about Wabash Trailer Company in Lafayett. It is now # 3 in the nation. The same with WalMart. The ones who origanally invested with these people had a dream with them. Godly investment invests in an idea or dream. The investor shares in the risk and loses his money if the dream fails. He also shares in the rewards if the dream succueeds. Ungodly investments are the ones who take advantage of one who is between a rock and a hard spot.
But neither loans nor investments take into account consummer loans where the borrower uses the money to consume upon his own lusts. Intrest free loans for consummer borrowing would only increase the bondage of the borrower.
> And we could look at every area the same way. The law of God govern NOW. Man violates them and God's promised results will come to pass. Man obeys them and God's promised blessings will come to pass.
In this sense,
> the Messiah now sits on the throne of his father David as his descendant and successor.
> His empire is over all who love God. It also includes all who hate Him.
> His kingdom will one day fill the whole earth having no end. Again Daniel chp. 2.
> His kingdom is not advanced nor defended with carnal means but with the spiritual weapons with which his people are provided. (II Cor. 10:4, 5; Eph. 6.)
> It is hard for flesh and blood to bear, that our strength does not lie in numbers; rather, our strength in our unfailing obedience to our Sovereign King and His law-word.
> And finally, His kingdom is advanced under the Captain of our Salvation who is the King of kings, as well as the Lord of Glory. (Zeph. 4:6; Jer. 17:5-7.)
Acts 2:31, David saw all of this by the spirit of prophecy as he wrote about it.
Peter points to the resurrection of Jesus as proof that He is the one that David wrote about. He also points to the many present at this "preaching meeting" who saw Him after He rose from the dead. It was a historical fact that He was crucified, now He calls on the many witnesses who saw Him alive again to verify that He did raise from the dead.
We have already talked about His place of authority and power where He sits today, although I should add one more thing. This is probably one of the most difficult of all to accept in our spirit although we know with our head that it is true. He is now seated in the place of authority and power, Eph. 1:20-23; Col. 1:15-19; Phil. 2:9, 10; Heb. 1:8-12. These are only a few of the many NT verses which show Christ now seated in His position of power and authority and that He is ruler over all of creation.
Also under this, all judgment has been given to Him by the Father. The passage in Jn. 5:22 is past tense. For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son. He repeats Himself in Jn 5:27 and hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man. Read all of chp. 5, it is very interesting.
And we will develop this judgment a little next time.
While I'm this close, let's chase a rabbit. Judgment. Notice Jn. 12:47 "For I came not to judge the world" but in Jn. 9:39 he says, "For judgment I am come into this world."
We have three judgment here. Jn. 5:22. Strong's #2920
; Jn. 12:47. #2919; and Jn. 9:39. #2917.
1. Jn. 9:39 is judgment in a juridical sense. Such as God the righteous Judge declared sin to be punishable with death. Thayer says here. pg. 360., "The judgment which is formed or passed: by God, through what Christ accomplished on earth."
This also includes the carrying out of judgment called for by God's Word against sin. I Pet. 4:17. ; as well as the final judgment against sin. Acts 24:25..
2. Jn. 12:47, "I came not to judge the world." Nor, did he come to condemn the world but to offer salvation. Jn. 3:17; 8:15; 12:47.. This judgment is "to judge," "to pronounce an opinion concerning right and wrong." It speaks "of the judgment of God or of Jesus the Messiah, deciding between the righteous and the unrighteousness of men." "Used specifically of the act of condemning and decreeing (or inflicting) penalty on men." Ps. 361.
I believe Jn. 8:15 as well as 5:22 gives us a hint of what our Lord is saying. The context of these verses show the usages of these words. Jn. 12:47 and 3:17 are the same. He came to offer salvation not condemnation to the world. Jn. 8:15 and 5:22 show the religious leaders judging Christ after the manner of men. They jumped to conclusions rather than judging according to the Word of God. The Word of God clearly told that Christ was who He claimed to be, yet they ignored this and judged after the manner of men. Jesus did not do this nor does he do it today. He judges strictly according to God's perfect will as revealed in His Word.
3. Jn. 5:22 "hath committed all judgment--" "Judgment; i.e. opinion or decision given concerning anything, esp. concerning justice and injustice, right and wrong;" Used in the legal or judicial sense," of judgment of God or of Jesus the Messiah:" Following on with Thayer "That judgment which Christ occasioned, in that wicked men rejected the salvation he offered, and so of their own accord brought upon themselves misery and punishment." Page 362.
Note then that all decisions concerning right and wrong as well as the eternal results of the decision has been given to Jesus, the Word of God. Anyway we slice it, Jn. 5:22 makes it clear that all judgment is His now. He came claiming this power and authority and now has it.
Back to "also under this." The thing which stands out to me, as Christ sits at His place of power and authority, is that we are seated in Him in His place above all things. Eph. 2:1-6.. Not only are we seated in Him in the heavens, we are complete in Him. Col. 2:9, 10.. We are raised with Christ and seated in Him in His exalted place of power and authority. In fact, we are dead and our life is hid with Christ in God. Col. 3:1-3..
In conclusion we see here that:
1. Christ is exalted to His place of power and authority, far above all principalities and power.
2. The Tri-Une God has designated that all judgment of every man is completely in His control.
3. The believer is right now seated in Christ in His heavenly place with the power to bind and release. Matt. 16:19; 18:18; 12:29. Bind
#1210,is to tie or forbid, including as you would bind with a chain (Mk. 5:3, 4; 15:1; Jn. 11:44; Acts 9:2, etc.). Notice II TIm. 2:9 "--The Word of Gos is not bound--"
Have we as believers forgotten the total power and authority which we have in Christ over our adversary through believing prayer? James reminds us this in 5:16-18
"As Christ is so are we in this world." "For we are complete in Him and in the power of His might." If we believe Christ was defeated on the cross then we have a problem. That problem is that we don't believe Scriptures for His Word tell us that the cross was triumph over principalities and powers. We have not only the right but the command of God to enter into that victory by faith. I Jn. 4:17; Col. 2:12-15 and etc.
Lord, remind us of our place in Christ. Give us the grace to claim that place, then might we exercise our authority over the evil one, which we have in Christ.
Now back to Acts 2:33.
Christ had promised that when he returned to the Father and His place of power and authority, He would send back the Holy Spirit who he called the Comforter Jn. chps. 14, 16. Peter tells them that what they are seeing in the Apostles is a fulfillment of the Lord's promise.
Acts 2:34. Peter had talked about the promises made to David, that his seed would sit upon his throne. He also started his message by pointing to David's tomb and he quotes a prophecy again of this seed of David sitting on his throne until his enemies are under his subjection. This is the same prophecy which confounded the Pharisees. Matt. 22:42- 46.
They knew it spoke of the Messiah being exalted above all and Christ applied it to himself.
Acts 2:36. Peter comes down hard on them. "House of Israel". He is speaking to the physical seed of Jacob. The family of Jacob. Remember these were physical Jews, devout men from all over the known world of their day.
Now, a couple of things here which stand out. These are worth considering as we compare Scripture with Scripture.
First, let's consider Zech. 12;10, "And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for Him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for Him, as one that is in bitterness for His first born."
Here, the Pulpit Commentary. Vol. 14, pg. 140 refers to this text as speaking of salvation. True godly sorrow which leads to godly repentance II Cor. 7:10. The pouring out of the grace of God upon the unsaved so he can see his lost condition and what Christ did for his sins on the cross, Eph. 2:8-9.
Also C.W. HENGSTENBERG says of Zech. 12. "Christology of the Old Testament", First published before 1854, republished by MacDonald, McLean, Vir. 22101. In Vol. 2, pg. 1109
Hengstenberg goes on to quote Jerom. Pg. 1110 "Some of the Jews imagine that this prophecy was partly fulfilled in the period extending from Zerubbabel to Cneius Pompeius, who took Judea and the Temple, of which occurrence an account has been written by Josepheus. Others, again, suppose that it will be fulfilled, when Jerusalem has been restored at the end of the world, an event which the miserable race of the Jews anticipate alone with its (a Hebrew word) the foolish shepherd of whom we have read above. Lastly, there are others, ourselves for example, who are called by the name of Christ, who regard it as being fulfilled everyday in the Christian church, and as destined to continue to be so to the end of the world." Jerom wrote this around 390 A.D.. I probably have a copy of this.
Dr. Hengstenberg goes on to say, pg. 1111., "The Christian Church is from its very commencement the legitimate continuation of Israel, the wicked having been rooted out from the nation, and those who were Gentiles by birth having been incorporated into Israel on the ground of their faith." Read the rest of his argument here as he ties in this Zech. 12:10 with the first day of Pentecost. Especially pg. 1123.
Quoting briefly his comment on Zech. 12:10. pg. 1121, "---With reference to the grace, there is a perfect parallel in Heb. 10:29, an hath done despite unto the "spirit of grace," in which there is an allusion to the passage before us. The "spirit of grace" is the spirit, which produces a state of grace compare also II Tim. 2:1, "be strong in the grace, which is in Christ Jesus;" Acts 4:33; Rom. 12:6.
He goes on to say, pg. 1123., that the response Peter received in Acts 2:37, as he preached they had killed the Price of Life. Acts 3:15., the response of conviction and mourning, was the commencement of the fulfillment of Zech. 12:10.
Really, it is hard to understand how anyone who will study the OT Scriptures with the NT fulfillments, can miss this connection.
Let's look at what Matthew Henry says of Zech. 12:9-14. First published around 1712, pg. 1461-63, Vol. IV
"The day here spoken of is the day of Jerusalem's defense and deliverance, that glorious day when God will appear for salvation of his people, which, if it do refer to the successes which the Jews had against their enemies in the time of the Maccabees, yet certainly looks further, to the gospel day, to Christ's victories over the powers of darkness and the great salvation he has wrought for his chosen."
He goes on to identify these nations that come against Jerusalem as "all the powers of darkness that fought against God's kingdom among men and against the faithful friends and subjects of that kingdom" he spoiled them, and made a show of them openly. In his second coming he will complete their destruction, when he shall put down all opposing rule, principality, and power, and death itself shall be swallowed up in that victory. The last enemy shall be destroyed of all that fought against Jerusalem."
We might mention her that Matthew Henry says of Zech. chp. 9 & 10 at the top of his pages, "the security of the church punishment of the church's enemies."
He goes on "But this promise has reference to, and is performed in, the graces of the spirit given to all believers, as that Isa. 44:3, I will pour my Spirit upon thy seed, which was fulfilled when Jesus was gloried, Jn. 7:39. It is a promise of the Spirit, and with him of all spiritual blessings in heavenly things by Christ."
"---The house of David is all summed up in Jesus Christ, the Son of David, and upon him, as the head, the Spirit of grace is poured out, from him to be diffused to all his members; from his fullness we receive, and grace for grace. (2) On the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the common people; for the operations of the Spirit are the same upon the mean and weak Christians---"
"The church is Jerusalem, the heavenly Jerusalem; all true believers, have their conversation in heaven, are inhabitants of this Jerusalem, and to them this promise belongs."
They shall mourn-- "Those that truly repent of sin look upon Christ as one whom they have pierced, who was pierced for their sins and is pierced by them:" He quotes Isa. 53 to back up that this is referring to godly sorrow which leads to repentance, salvation and fulfilled completely in Christ and His church.
"This was particularly fulfilled in those whom Peter preached Christ crucified; when they heard it those who had a hand in piercing him were pricked to the heart, and cried out, pg. 1463,--," "--Christ is our King; our sins were our death, and, for that reason, ought to be our grief."
Now, he does say "some think this is yet to have its complete accomplishment in the general conversion of the Jewish nation." But M.H. does not even begin to approach these prophecies this way. Rather, he sees it all fulfilled in Christ and His church. We might also mention that so did the first preachers and evangelists of the NT. We'll see as we go on through Acts and these sermons.
Adam Clark say of Zech. 12:8 pg. 791, written around 1830
, "And the house of David as the angel of the Lord. The family, the church of the true David, the Lord Jesus Christ--. Thus the house of David, the true Christians, shall here walk with, after, and before God. V. 9, I will seek to destroy all the nations. When this time shall arrive, all nations that "will not receive the faith of our Lord Jesus" shall be destroyed, when the longsuffering of God shall no longer wait upon them. This seems to belong to a period yet very remote."
He is kind of inconsistent because of 12:6 he says, "This seems to refer to the future conversion of the Jews, and their "return to their own land." Then he goes onto identify 8 and 9 as the church.
Compare the promise of God made in II Sam. 7 with what Peter says here in Acts 2:30-36. It looks like Peter here is saying that Christ has already ascended to that promised throne. David didn't ascend, he is still in the grave.
II Sam. 7:12 "-- The prophet, having detailed God's past mercies to David, now passes on to direct prophecy, and that one of the most important in the OT. I will set up thy seed. In one sense this manifestly refers to Solomon, David's successor and builder of the Temple. But we have the direct authority of St. Peter , Acts. 2:30. for applying it to Christ the seed of David, and His eternal kingdom; and the title the Son of David given to the Messiah in the Rabbinical writings, as well as it's special application to Jesus in the NT, springs mainly from the acknowledged Messianic significance of this prophecy. See also Isa. 60: 3; Acts 8:34.
V. 13 -- He shall build an house, and etc.. For the fulfillment of this in the person of Solomon, see I Ki. 8: 16-20. For its application to Christ, see Jn. 1:12; Eph. 1:20-22; I Tim. 3:15; Heb. 3:6 and etc.; as well as Zech. 6:12, 13.
"I will establish his throne of his kingdom forever." The words forever, emphatically twice repeated in v. 16, show very distinctly that this prophecy looks beyond the succession of the kings of Israel, and embraces the throne of Christ, according to the angel's interpretation given in Lk. 1:31-33, where the reference to this passage cannot be mistaken."
V. 14 -- "In Heb. 1:5 this text is applied to Christ."
We might mention here "--with the rod of men--" refers to the chastisement of men used against the disobedient of the house of David, heirs with Christ. The chastisement of Christians for their refusal to obey their King and Saviour according to Heb. 12. In fact, if this "rod of men" isn't present in the life of a disobedient "Christian" then they are not His. God will raise up the heathen to chastise His children that refuse to glorify Him as God.
Now, look what F.C. Cook said here as he put together the comments on Samuel. He ties Peter's statement in Acts 2:30 together with the promise made to David in II Sam. 7. In doing this, he says Christ is right now seated on the throne of His Father according to the flesh, David. This was a future prophecy to David but it was a fulfilled prophecy to Peter.
Another interesting comment on II Sam. 7 is found in the PC , Vol. 4 pg. 184-5, also well points out that the Temple was a symbol of Christ's incarnation; for it meant the dwelling of God on earth. "I have surely," say Solomon, "built thee a house of habitation, a place for thee to dwell in forever" I Ki. 8:13 The same thought was in St. John's mind when he said, "The Word became flesh, and dwelt as in a Tabernacle among us" Jn. 1:14
Christ's life on earth, and the swelling of God in "the tent of meeting." But there is more than this. Christ himself calls his body "the Temple" (Jn. 2:19- 21). At the resurrection he raised up again the Temple of His body which the Jews had destroyed, and at the ascension it was removed from the earth, to be reserved in heaven until His second advent, His reign now is spiritual, and His Temple is not a building made with hands, but is in the heart of the renewed believer (I Cor. 6:19). This indwelling of Christ in the heart will continue unto the end of the present dispensation. For Christ's indwelling is that also of the Holy Spirit (I Cor. 3:16); and the gift of the Spirit continues unto the end of the world. "The Father shall give you another Comforter, that He may abide with you forever (Jn. 14:16)."
Now, to me this raises some very interesting observations:
1. The "house" built by the line of David for God to dwell in forever was, is the physical body of Christ.
2. The prophecies dealing with God dwelling among men must be Christ dwelling among men, His people, which he is doing now by the indwelling Holy Spirit.
a. There will one day be a new heaven and a new earth but when will that be?
3. The Temple from the time of Christ, both where His people meet to worship God the Father and where God the Father dwells, must be the person of Christ.
Is this not what Christ told the woman at the well in Jn. 4?
4. This brings us to the point where we must say that any reference to a "temple" where God is worshiped in prophecy, from the time of Christ on, must be a reference to Christ. There can never again be a physical Temple under God's authority where men meet to worship God.
a. Any offering or sacrifice to God the Father from the time of Christ until the end of the world when time is no more, must be made in/through the person of Jesus Christ our Lord,, Heb. 10:5,.
Christ is the Temple now. The old temple of Moses, Solomon, Ezra, as well as Herod all pointed to the person of Christ. It is impossible now, before God, for there to be another approved physical temple, made with hands, where men can worship God. Any kind of a physical temple made with hands must, therefore, be an illegitimate temple and have the anger of God against it. It would be a denial of Christ. Jn. 3:36
For a child of God, then, to support or encourage in anyway the building of any kind of a "physical location" for sacrifices and offerings is to be partaker of the evil deeds of the Christ rejecters. As well as to be ignorant of Scriptures, especially the book of Hebrews. The endtime temple which was prophecied is here. He is Jesus Christ our Lord. The continual, daily sacrifice which is pleasing to God the Father is here. He is Jesus Christ our Lord See Fairbairn on Ezekiel. A Puritan Classic by AP&A of Lafayette, Ind. 47903