On-Line Bible Lessons


Incorrect and misplaced answere will be obvious


1. To teach the law of God so His people could do it.
2. Live -- prolong days -- be well.
3. Man is totally corrupt.
4. Grace.
5. His love and to show His might through.
6. Love.
7. The law gives power, as well as protection, and provides. It directs our paths.
a. (These things won't be hard at all to find.)
8. Because of His love. To have a group of people to show Himself strong through.
a. By obeying His Commandments. Here is our first hint that love is not identified as an emotion, but as action. What Hengstenberg (Commentary on the Gospel of John, Klock & Klock, 2527 Girard Av. N., Minneapolis, Min. 55411. A reprint of the 1865 edition) says on this is of interest, pg. 256. "That [this] is the love of Christ to His people, is evident from the corresponding [word] in v. 9. Consequently, the love of God also at the end must be the love of God to Christ, not the love of Christ to God. To this we are led also by chp. 10:17: "For this cause my Father loveth Me, because I lay down My life." The laying down the life there corresponds to the keeping the commandments of God here. This was manifested especially in the fact, that Christ, in obedience to the will of the Father, presented the atoning sacrifice. "Even as I have kept," etc., hangs on v. 9. As Christ's love to His people is the reflection of the Father's love to Him, it is natural that its maintenance should rest on the same condition. To the exhortation of that verse, urging the disciples to continue in the enjoyment of His love, is here appended an indication of the means in order to that continuance."
Christ continued in the Father's love because He kept His Father's will right to the death for His people. We are commanded to have this kind of love for Christ as well as for the brethren, I Jn. 3:16. God showed His love for us by His death for us. We ought to show this love for our brethren, but not only there in I Jn. 3. Most of us have a hard time parting with our money to help a brother in need, let alone dying for him (Ja.3). True love for God will obey His Commandments all the way to death if need be.
9. They did not know the OT Scriptures.
10. a) The law of Moses. b) Writings of Moses. c) Words of Christ. d) Writings of Moses.



1. Examples for us who are alive in these last days.
(1) All Christians, "Jews and Gentiles". Barnes' points out (Barnes' Notes, I Cor. Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan. pg. 178); " --A large part of the church at Corinth was Gentile. It could hardly be supposed that they were well informed respecting the ancient history of the Jews. Probably they had read these things in the Old Testament; but they might not have them distinctly in their recollection. Paul brings them distinctly before their minds, as an illustration and an admonition."
Corinth was an exceedingly wicked city of its day. "From these causes [mentioned previously in his text], the city of Corinth became eminent among all ancient cities for wealth, and luxury, and dissipation. It was the mart of the world. Wealth flowed into it from all quarters. Luxury, amusement, and dissipation, were the natural consequent, until it became the most gay and dissolute city of its time, --The Paris of Antiquity, (Barnes', pg. IV)".
Paul's exhortation here is to the Jews and Gentiles who were saved out of this corruption. They were in grave danger of taking the same attitude as did their fathers when they came out of Egypt. We have no trouble at all recognizing this destructive attitude in our day. Hodges (An Exposition of the First Epistle to the Corinthians, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Mi. pg. 171) makes an important point here. "The Israelites doubtless felt, as they stood on the other side of the Red Sea, that all danger was over, and that their entrance into the land of promise was secured. They had however a journey beset with dangers before them, and perished because they thought there was no need of exertion. So the Corinthians, when brought to the knowledge of the gospel, thought heaven secure. Paul reminds them that they had only entered on the way, and would certainly perish unless they exercised constant self-denial."
We certainly see this very commonly today. "I'm saved now. I can go my own way".
(2) All saved. Hengstenberg points out this is Paul, a Jew, writing, therefore, is referring to the Jewish believers here and restricting the word "our" to just the "Jewish" race and Paul, a Jew.
I believe we can have a broader application both from the context of Scripture and from the
meaning of the word "father". See Gal. 3, especially v. 29, as well as Heb. 3:8, 9.
(3) Our fathers." Abraham is our father, though we are not his natural descendants. The Israelites were the fathers of the Corinthian Christians, although most of them were Gentiles (Hodges)."
This view of Hodges concerning the fathers is certainly consistent with the meaning of this word. The New Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon of the NT (AP & A, Lafayette, IN 47903) gives this definition for fathers, pg. 494-495. "Nourisher, protector, upholder;--"
"1. prop. i.q. generator or mail ancestor, and either. a. The nearest ancestor: Matt. 2:22; 4:21 sq.; --- etc.; b. A more remote ancestor, the founder of a race or tribe, progenitor of a people, forefather, so Abraham is called, Matt. 3:9; Lk. 1:73; 16:24; Jn. 8:39, 53; Acts 7:2; Rom. 4:1, etc.."
I don't think it is stretching the usage or context at all to say the word fathers here could be those at the fountain head of the Hebrew race from which Christianity sprang. In fact, the congregation of Israel is called "The church in the wilderness, Acts 7:38." These things happened to them for examples to us who are the heirs of salvation.
Let's look at another source. Meyer's Commentary on the NT, Vol. VI, Publications, Box 655, Winona Lake, In. 46950 (Reprint of the 1883 edition). Meyer's points out here (pg. 218) for I Cor. 10:1 "--The warnings supplied by the history of our fathers urge us to this self-conquest (vv. 1-11). --- The idea of the spiritual fatherhood of all believers (Rom. IV. 11 ff., deWette, al.), or that the OT ancestry of the NT church (Hofmann), would suit only with holy ancestors as being the true Israel (comp. Rom. IX 5 ff.; Gal. VI. 16), but does not harmonize with the fact of the fathers here referred to being cited as warning. --] has strong emphasis, and is four times repeated, the coming contrast of ----, ver. 5, being already before the apostle's mind.---"
Therefore, seemingly, the consistent view of I Cor. 10:1 (Heb. 3:9) is that Paul, as a Jew, talking to Jews, is using the Jew's ancestry to warn not only the Jews of the results of unbelief but also the Gentile believers. Of course, the warning today is to all who read his words.
Paul is pointing out that even though all who came out of Egypt enjoyed the deliverance and provision of God (blessings), yet, this deliverance by God DID NOT exempt them from the results of hardness, disobedience and even presumption and unbelief, Heb., chp. 3.
The warning is to all who name the name of Christ. Their past deliverance and blessings from God will not exempt them from the wrath, judgment or chastening of God for their indifference toward Him. It will not exempt His people today anymore than it did these Jewish fathers of old. Let us look, read and take heed to the warning.
(4) That Rock was Christ. This would show us that the same principles still hold true for today. Barnes' points out here (pg. 183) "The design of the apostle is apparent. It is to show to the Corinthians, who relied so much on their privileges, and felt themselves so secure, that the Jews had the very same privileges -- had the highest tokens of the divine favor and protection, were under the guidance and grace of God, and were partakers constantly of that which adumbrated or typified the Messiah, in a manner as real, and in a form as much fitted to keep up the remembrance of their dependence, as even the bread and wine in the Lord's supper."
This would encourage the view that "our" is a reference to all believers and "fathers" would refer to "the fountain head of Christianity". The warning by Paul is that the church in the wilderness had all of the benefits which the NT church has, yet, they did not avoid the results of sin. All of this passage in I Cor. 10 would confirm this.
2. The church in the wilderness. Church.
3. His chosen people of our day, the church. See Keil, Second Book of Moses, pg. 95-101 (Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan).
4. His people of today.
A. Those in Christ.
B. Blood of bulls and goats. Blood of Christ
Additional note for the conclusion. We will see this later, but, as an introduction, notice the emphasis which Paul places upon the word seed in Gal. 3:16. He wants us to understand that the promise made to Abraham is fulfilled only in Christ.



1. "On this side of Jordan".
2. Where God met Moses at the bush and where the water was given from.
3. Just across from Canaan.
4. Eleven days.
5. They rebelled, refused to obey God.
6. The law is given.
7. 11 -- Spent more time lusting and complaining than following God.
8. Reminding the children of the price for not obeying God.
9. By obeying His word by faith.
10. Walking in our own imagination.
a. We get to walking according to our own understanding rather than after the Word of God.
b. Whoredoms, adultery.
11. God chose them over all the people of the earth.
a. Because of His love, shown in His mercy and grace.



1. To help Moses.
a. God's.
2. Wise, understanding, well-known as godly men who knew His Word.
a. Take advantage of the stranger.
b. God's people won't apply God's laws everywhere.
c. The same.
3. Of course not.
4. Wicked rulers and laws will be exalted.
5. Captains over 1,000-100-50-10.
6. Judge righteous judgment.
a. According to righteous judgment.
b. God's Word.
7. Every man -- his brother, neighbor and stranger (unsaved).
a. Anyone we come into contact with.
Good Samaritan, Lk. 11:5-13.
8. Because He made us.



1. It is written on the heart of all men.
2. Win them and teach them.
3. He had reminded them of the marvelous works which the Lord had done for their fathers. This same Lord God now wants them to move on.
4. Send spies over and check out the land for the best way to go in and what cities they would come to.
5. Rulers, therefore, were to be godly men.
a. See the land. Check out the people and their strength. What kind of provision would be there. (Remember, Moses probably was responsible for three million or so people. This would require a large supply of food when they went in. The manna would cease. He needed to know these things as the military, as well as the civil, leader.)
b. The land was good, with plenty of provision for them, yet, the enemy was too strong for them to overcome.
c. Caused fear and discouragement.
(1) The enemy was fearful and discouraged.
6. What pleases Him.
7. Everything is to be done for God's glory and for His pleasure. Not man's.
8. A government which reflects God's laws and desires for mankind.
9. The strength of the enemy.
a) The strength of their God.
b) The strength of the enemy.
c) The foolish things in the world's eyes.
(1) That we might glory in Him and His might.
10. Obedience to God's Word.
a. That His people might observe and do according to all the law.
b. Prosperous, success.
c. That He will be with His people everywhere they go.
d. Through Christ. The grace of God.
11. Through faith. Step out on His word and leave the results up to Him.

Addition to 1-3 answers.
An excellent treatment of Rom. 9:18-26 can be found in Hodges Commentary on Romans (Reprint of his 1835 work by Banner of Truth, Box 652, Carlisle, Pen. 17013, pgs. 315-325). Another easy to read treatment of this is found in C.H. Spurgeon's sermon, ELECTION. Gospel Mission, P.O. Box M, Choteau, Montana 59422.



1. Fear and Discouragement.
2. His provision and care.
3. Could not believe Him.
4. Discouragement.
a) Not only did they have to wander and die but their children had to wander for forty years with those who disobeyed God's Word.
b) Second.
5. Servant of Moses.
6. Encourage him.
a) The most encouraging thing to any spiritual leader is to know that those under him are obeying God and walking in the truth.
7. Had to turn toward the wilderness.



1. God spoke, Abraham believed, ACTED.
2. They rebelled, refused to act.
3. The same as #2. They refused to act upon His Word. This was not a "rejection" of the knowledge of God. Not even the devils do this (Ja. 1:19). It was a refusal to act on His every law-word which is identified as departing from Him.
4. We will see this quite often because it is used very often. Whoredoms.
a. Faith without works. Unbelief is NOT some feeling, and, on the other hand, belief (faith) is not some feeling. Our action, according to the law-word of God, is our belief or unbelief.
5. Go and possess it. Obey God and He would fulfill His promises.
a. Rebelled and went anyway.
6. To go contrary to His law-word and still expect Him to be with us.
a. Lost their power in the face of their enemies.
b. Obedience. As they obeyed, their enemies were afraid of them. When they departed from God and disobeyed, they were afraid of their enemies.
c. Cause them to fear, turn their hearts.
7. Fear, (then rebellion against God, see Jer. 38:19).
a. A snare which prevents our obedience.
8. The word refers to immorality, "a man who indulges in unlawful sexual intercourse -- (Thayer's pg. 532). Esau gave up his spiritual birthright in order to satisfy the lusts of the flesh. Let's look at Barnes' (Heb. pg. 305). "--Many have regarded the word here used as referring to idolatry, or defection from the true religion to a false one -- as the word is often used in the Old Testament -- but it is more natural to understand it literally (emphasis added)." He goes on to the word profane as the reference to one who treats religion with contempt or even neglect. The church of Paul's day was surrounded with unlawful sex. His warning was to not allow it to enter into the church.
Therefore, both are being referred to here in Heb. 12:16, 17. The word refers to immorality, yet the context (along with Heb. 3) could be a reference to indifference toward God's law-word.
a. Same thought as q. #4, ea:
only here it is called fornication. We will see more of this when we get to the lessons dealing with divorce.
b. God's people.
c. Fornicator.



1. Looking around and seeing the prosperity of these nations and desiring it for themselves.
a. Discontent with what they have been provided with by God.
b. Covetousness.
2. Doing. Emotion.
3. God's hand against them.
4. He prospered them with cattle, blessed them.
a. All their walkings.
b. Nothing.
c. Took care of their every need.
5. Canaan -- wilderness.
6. No.
Hengstenberg says this about Jn. 10:10 (Jn. Vol. I, pg. 514-515). "The thief is the Pharisee. Stealing, killing, destroying, are equivalent to fundamental destruction and ruin in spiritual and bodily respect: Matt. 23:14 shows that the latter is not to be excluded. Under the dominion of Pharisaism, the people of God were in every sense ----, Matt. 9:36. The original passages are Jer. 23:2; Ezek. 34:2, 3. When Jesus pledges to His sheep abundance, He exhibits Himself as the good shepherd of Ps. 23, whose flock can say, "I want nothing," v. 1; "My cup runneth over," v. 3."

"I want nothing" is very dependent upon being content with where God has us and with what He has provided us with as we do our best to serve and labor for Him. I'm afraid we are living in an exceedingly covetous time when even preachers will ridicule other preachers for not having as much as they do. Therefore, the abundant life of faith would be rooted in: 1) Doing our best for God according to His every law-word; 2) leaving the results up to Him; 3) being content with what He provides, as well as where He has us, Gal. 5:26; Phil. 4:11-12; Heb. 13:5.
We all know folks who violate the principles of God's word. Things fall apart (of course) and then they suddenly feel called to another area. No, that is fleeing from the results of sin.
It is a sign of the last days to be discontent with what God provides as we serve Him with all of our heart, soul, mind and strength, I Tim. 6:1-11; II Tim. 3:1-7.
"Covetousness, (Vines', pg. 245) Lit., a desire to have more, always used in a bad sense, --- Eph. 5:3 (emphasis added)." Let's get personal. A desire to build a big church in order to have more fits here. Any desire to do anything MUST be for God's glory, I Cor. 10:31.



1. What they have has been given to them by God.
Thomas Watson (The Beatitudes, a reprint of his 1660 work by Banner of Truth Trust, Box 621, Carlisle, Pen. 17013, pg. 117) makes a very good point concerning Matt. 5:5. "A wicked man lives in the earth as one that lives in an infectious air. He infected by his mercies (which God has shown him, Rom. 2:1-6, might I add). The fat of the earth will but make him fry and blaze the more in hell. So that a wicked man may be said not to have what he has, because he has not the blessing; but the meek saint enjoys the earth as a pledge of God's love."
In other words, that other man may have more material posessions than does the righteous man BUT that does not mean that God loves him more. The wicked man is only storing up more wrath for the future day of judgment which will come. Ps. 37 and 73, as well as Rom. 2. The few blessings of the righteous man are the result of God's love and covenant to him, whereas the blessings of the wicked man would be a fruit of his rebellion against God. With his riches is only more wrath from God if he lives apart from God, Prov. 16:8.
2. Given them his land.
a. Start possessing his land.
b. Through warfare. God was going to, and did, deliver the land according to His promise but it was conditioned upon contending with the wicked. It was conditioned upon work and warfare, Prov. 28:4. Keeping the law of God will bring contention with the law breaker, ungodly, yet keeping the law of God is the ONLY WAY given to us to claim those areas for God.
Keil makes a good point here (Fifth Book of Moses, pg. 295). "--The wish to pass through his land in a peaceable manner was quite seriously expressed; although Moses foresaw, in consequence of the divine communication, that he would reject his proposal, and meet Israel with hostilities."
In this thought, let us point out that many Christians feel they can pass through this life in a peaceable manner. This is absolutely impossible. Heb. 11:25 clearly shows us there will be choices to make. See also Matt. 13:21; Mk. 4:17; Jn. 15:20; II Tim. 3:12. A person, particularly a pastor, who is not creating contention with those who ignore God's law IS NOT KEEPING THE LAW OF GOD HIMSELF, Prov. 28:4.
3. Placed His fear in them.
4. God hardened his spirit.
a. Barred from the congregation till the tenth generation. If they would live a life according to the law-word of God for nine generations they could come in . If they would not live right for the nine generations, they were barred forever. See R. J. Rushdoony (Institutes of Biblical Law, Vol. I, The Craig Press) pg. 85, 86 for further study in this.
b. His ways are higher than our ways.
c. The things which are clearly revealed to us. Let's not worry about what we don't understand. Let's be busy about the things we do understand. As we do this, then and only then will we be shown more, II Cor. 8:12; I Tim. 6:20; Heb. 5:14.
d. In doing what we are told to do.
5. Their iniquity was not yet full. God, in His patience, gave them plenty of time to repent. This is exactly what Paul was referring to in Rom. 2:1-5. Note also Ja. 1:22.
6. Death. This death also covered any who might see the "whoredoms" and turn their back upon them.
a. Everyone who dwelt among them. Stranger as well as those who were members of the congregation.
7. They defiled the land.
a. Failure to observe the laws of God.
b. Land rejected them, spued them out.
8. Keep all His statutes and judgments (laws).
a. Peter, I Pet. 1:16.
b. Applied to God's people today, the church.
c. Fellowship is broken and God judges, chastises His people, Heb. 10 and 12.
d. They were judged also.
e. Assyria, Babylon.
9. All of it.



1. Up the way to Bashan.
a. Og
b. Came out against them. Note here that there can be no victory against the enemy unless there is warfare. God is the one who brought the enemy out so His people could claim the victory through this warfare.
c. Delivered him to them.
d. 60
e. Great and well fortified.
Let's make a comment on Bashan. Plumer (PSALMS, a reprint of his 1867 work by Banner of Truth Trust, Box 652, Carlisle, PA. 17013) makes this comment concerning Bashan in Ps. 22:12 (pg. 296). "Morison: "the bull is a fit image of strength, fierceness, pride and cruelty; and the bulls of Bashan, as inhabiting a rich and fertile country on the opposite side of Jordan, would be the appropriate emblem of these qualities in their highest degree. Bashan was a rich mountainous district, the very place to breed the wild ox to perfection, Deut. 32:14." Then on Ps. 68:15 (pg. 664) he continues on. "The mountain of Bashan was renounced for its size, beauty and fertility; but Mount ZION was its equal, not in these respects, but in being the chosen spot where Jehovah revealed himself in so glorious a manner. By a figure well understood more is meant than is expressed as in I Pet. 4:3. The meaning is, Mount Zion is far better than Bashan. In Isa. 2:2, it is said the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills."
I believe we will find the consistent thought throughout scriptures is that Bashan represents the very peak of worldly strength, wisdom, might, as well as prosperity and oppression. We see here that it was strong, very well fortified and had the giants of the world fighting for it. The BEST thing that we see about Bashan with all of its strength and prosperity is that it cannot stand against the people of God who move in obedience to their God. This is I Cor. 1:27-2:5 acted out. Mount Bashan can seek to trample under foot the Lion of the Tribe of Judah (Ps. 22) and tear Him apart, but they will go down to the dust before him, 22:29. They can roar and rave all they want, yet Ps. 2 is still there. The Lion will devour any and all who resist Him. History has proved it in the past and will continue to show that mighty bulls do not stand a chance before this LION.

2. Men are the ones held accountable for their family's service to God. Men are given greater authority and also greater responsibility.
3. Canaan.
a. Egypt.
4. Fear that He either will not or cannot deliver.
a. The Lord our God.
5. Through their obedience to the Word of their God.
a. He changes not.
b. It all belongs to Him.
c. He "takes" them for us as we seek to do His will according to His Word first.
d. The very gates of hell will not prevail.
e. This is the way, walk ye in it.



1. Gad, Ruben and one-half tribe of Manasseh.
a. Had to go over armed before their brethren to take Canaan.
b. Yes.
2. 1) Built a new house-- 2) Planted a vineyard-- 3) Betrothed a wife-- 4) Fearful, faint- hearted.
a. So he won't discourage others.
b. Levi. Although Levi could volunteer.
c. 20.
3. To go over and see the promised land.
a. Lost his temper and smote the rock.



1. He shall live.
a. Verses 11-12. God will defend them. He will bless them and compass them about with His favor.
b. Man shall live by them.
c. By Faith.
d. For their good always.
e. To know how to please their Creator. That it might go well with them.
Charles Hodges (Systematic Theology, a reprint of his 1871 work by Eerdmans, Vol. III) makes some very telling remarks. "Prophecy is very different from history. It is not intended to give us a knowledge of the future, analogous to that which history gives us of the past. This truth is often overlooked. We see interpreters undertaking to give detailed expositions of the prophecies of Isaiah, of Ezekiel, of Daniel, and of the Apocalypse, relating to the future, with the same confidence with which they would record the history of the recent past. Such interpretations have always been falsified by the event. But this does not discourage a certain class of minds, for whom the future has a fascination and who delight in the solution of enigmas, from renewing the attempt. ---The occurrence of important events is so predicted as to produce in the minds of the people of God faith that they will certainly come to pass. ---It follows, from what has been said, that prophecy makes a general impression with regard to future events, which is reliable and salutary, while the details remain in obscurity. The Jews were not disappointed in the general impression made on their minds by the predictions relating to the Messiah. It was only in the explanation of details that they failed. The Messiah was a king; He did sit upon the throne of David, but not in the way in which they expected; He is to subdue all nations, not by the sword, as they supposed, but by truth and love; He was to make his people priests and kings, but not worldly princes and satraps. The utter failure of the Old Testament Church in interpreting the prophecies relating to the first advent of Christ, should teach us to be modest and diffident in explaining those which relate to his second coming. We should be satisfied with the great truths which those prophecies unfold, and leave the details to be explained by the events. This the church as a church has generally done [pages 790-792]."
2. The testimony of Jesus.
3. Adding to or detracting from God's Word.
a. He called them hypocrites.
4. Those who followed Baal-peor and those who did cleave unto the Lord.
a. Obey His every Word.
b. Taught him to cast a stumbling block before God's people.
c. From within.
5. Killed the man and woman.
a. No.
b. Civil government.
c. Remove them from the church if they refuse to repent according to Prov. 28:13, 14.
d. God enforces these laws if civil government will not.
6. Will have God's anger against them.
7. No.
a. The Lord will fight against them with the sword of his mouth:

“And will fight against them with the sword of my mouth; and fight against them by my word; either convincing them, or pronouncing sentence against them; or, by raising up other teachers, who shall preach my word more faithfully, and whose doctrine shall be like a sword to devour and to destroy them.” Poole

b. We will reap what we sow.



1. The Lord God.
2. Keep and do His commandments.
a. Wisdom and understanding.
b. Gives understanding to the simple--comment. Many folks think they are not "simple", therefore, do not need the law of God.
c. All good works. It will give understanding to His people for everything they do.
d. Sin. Therefore, any action which is not lined up with God's law-word is sin.
3. Keeping or doing.
a. He is deceived.
4. No doubt but there will be mocking and ridicule but this says that the righteous life has no answer against it by the wicked.
a. She came to see.
b. Wisdom.



1. As we do it His way, He will use this to speak to their hearts.
2. In obedience to His statutes and judgments. Notice, Moses sounds like a broken record. He gives this theme over and over, "--OBEY GOD AND PROSPER--."
3. In Him. Again #2.
4. Destroyed with the unbelievers.
a. The curse of God.
5. Afraid they would say they had made him rich.
a. They would claim the credit for what God did.
6. Provoke the Lord to anger, etc..
7. For God's glory, to advance His kingdom, the cause of Christ.
a. To advance himself.
b. Victim to the devil.
8. Not only keeping His law-word but teaching our children to keep it.
a. Whatever we ask. Yet, every request MUST be, not our will but thine be done, Lk. 22:42. A good (or bad) example of this is Hezekiah. He prayed and God answered, II Ki. 20. Manasseh was a result.
9. In Christ, our righteousness. Through faith in His finished work.
a. See #1. Others reached for Him.
10. Forget--depart.
a. Take heed to ourselves, keep our soul diligently, teach our kids.



1. Believe thee forever. They would believe that God spoke to Moses forever. This worked. Even though the people departed from God's law-word we have no record of their ever denying that God spoke to Moses. In fact, even the messed up religion of Christ's day still held to this, Jn. 9:29. There was never any doubt that God spoke to Moses.
a. To hate evil enough to avoid it.
2. There was no similitude of Him.
3. Tables of stone -- in the heart.
4. Make no images at all, no physical representation of Jehovah God at all. This would include pictures of "Christ". Don't look to the heavens for any image of God either.
5. Warning against using the same means the heathens use to worship and serve their gods to worship and serve Jehovah God. Our Lord speaks a lot about this. Only one method can be used to serve Him and He is the one who gives us that method in His Word.


2. He will not share His praise or glory with anyone.
a. His law.
The Lord will not tolerate His people (or any people as we will see later) looking to any other source for their provision, power or protection. Any other source than His law-word.
3. In His anger, He turns His people over to their enemies. Heb. chp. 10 is very clear on this as we have already seen.
a. There are many things which His people will look to for their provision, power and protection. They will look to the governments social programs, social security being only one. They will look to education with "if you want to succeed in life you need a good education". This is true only in the since we need a good education in God's law, Ps. 1 and Ps. 119, etc.. We look to our jobs, to our stocks, bonds or bank accounts. Just think for a few moments. What do we allow to interfere with what we should be doing for God? That is what we give the glory and honor to that we should be giving to Him.
b. The first one.
4. God.
5. Mercy if they will return.
6. The ensign or the cross of Christ. Christ alone is the fulfillment of all the law and the prophets. It all points to Him.
a. The Lord God.



1. 1) Learn 2) Keep 3) Do.
2. All those that fear God.
a. Those who have their HEART circumcised, who love God and desire to please Him.
3. God -- man.
a. Love the Lord with all thy heart, soul, mind and thy neighbour as yourself.
4. Gal. 4:24-26. Sinai is compared to the Jerusalem that was in Paul's day. The new covenant is compared or identified with the church. The old covenant spoke of the expensive and very demanding rites and rituals. These laws were very stern and severe and were more like bondage. The Jerusalem of Paul's day was a slave to rites and rituals to where you couldn't even eat without a ritualistic washing of your hands, Mk. 7:1-13. This bondage was best illustrated by Hagar, the bondwoman. Remember, these mediation laws which pointed to Christ were also given from the Mount, Heb. 8:1-5. To say this "bondage" refers to the commandments, law of God, will have to call David a liar as he told of the joy, comfort, liberty, wisdom, understanding and of the many other things (as covered in Ps. 119) we find in God's law. God's law isn't bondage, but freedom, Ps. 119:45.
But the Jerusalem which is above represents freedom. In Christ there is freedom from all of the rites and rituals which the Hebrews held so binding and important. It represents freedom, freedom from sin, freedom from the bondage of rites, customs. The gospel promotes freedom, not bondage. Any land which has based its laws upon the principles of God's word has represented freedom. We see this in our day. As society drifts from the principles of God's word bondage is the result.
Heb. 12:18-19. The comparison is the bondage and fears associated with the mediation given at the mount where the covenant was given. This is compared with the freedom and boldness to approach God through the new mediator, Christ Jesus. The covenant law is still the same. The mediation between God and man has changed from bondage and fear to freedom and boldness. For further treatment of this see "Barnes' Notes", (II Cor. -Gal., Baker Book House, pg. 370-373).

a. Death.
b. How much surer judgment if we ignore God's law-word for us today.
Even though the mediation law has changed from the blood of the sacrifices to Christ, it is still a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. For the OT people to ignore the law-word of God was trodding under foot the blood of bulls and goats. Today it is to trod under foot the blood of Christ.
5. For refusing to confirm all the words of the law of God. We confirm them by doing them.

Let us recommend further study in Mt. Zion. A good practical study here would be Spurgeon's Treasury of David (In Three Volumes, MACDONALD Publishing Co. MCLEAN, Vi 22102, Vol. III, Ps. 132, pg. 149) 11. --He must reign, and of his kingdom there shall be no end. God himself has set him on the throne and no rebellion of men or devils can shake his dominion.--- 13. --So was the church a mere Jebusite stronghold till grace chose it, conquered it, rebuilt it, and dwelt in it. Jehovah has chosen his people, and hence they are his people. He has chosen the church, and hence it is what it is. Thus, in the covenant, David and Zion, Christ and his people, go together.



1. Both Moses and pastors were/are commanded to teach God's law-word to His people so they will be able to understand and apply it. Pastors are to teach God's people, God's law so they will not only fear Him but know how to please their God.
2. Hear His Word and do it.
3. Every word which proceeds from the mouth of God.
a. Doing.
4. _______________________________
5. In thine heart.
6. Taught to our children.
a. Live it before them 24 hrs. a day. Ja. 1:8 shows us the devastating results upon our children if we do not have consistency before them all the time. To have one standard of teaching at home, a different one at church and a different one for school will RIP THE CHILD APART. It is for sure that we cannot expect that child to serve God. All areas must be consistent.
7. Forgetting the Lord.
8. Serve Him.
9. Filled up and prosperous, then forget God. Go after other gods, see other means of prospering other than obedience to God's every word. We forget God in our prosperity by no longer having time to go to church; Failing to speak up for Him; Failing to tithe; Failing to apply His law because of the ridicule we might encounter; etc..
10. For their good always.
11. In His law. I Jn. 3 is quite clear on this. We must return to teaching God's law to His people, for without it they will perish. Of course, just teaching it will NOT prevent the perishing. They must do it, yet how can they do it if it is not taught and made practical so they can apply it?



1. He changes not.
2. So they could serve Him and Him only.
a. Everything they owned. Nothing could be left behind.
b. That we should live unto Him with all we have.
3. Going after other gods.
a. The Lord smote them.
4. OT
a. OT Scriptures.
b. If a person will not believe the OT, their victory is gone.






1. God -- man.
2. (1) Smite. (2) Utterly destroy. (3) No covenants, treaties (4) No mercy. (5) No marriage.
a. (1) yoking up with unbelievers. This includes partnerships and marriages. (2) Be separate from them. (3) Sons and daughters of God.
b. (1) Turn from the Lord. (2) Serve other gods.
3. To teach them war.
a. To know whether they would hearken unto His Commandments or not.
b. That they wouldn't.
c. Anger of God.
If they would have hearkened to His commandments, the enemies still in the land would have continued in fear of them. God would have placed that fear in their hearts.
4. Tarry-- wait upon the Lord.
a. Didn't wait and made the offering himself.
b. Lost the kingdom to someone who would wait upon the Lord.
5. No. Elihu makes a good statement here, "great men are not always wise," Job 32:9.
a. By telling him to wait upon Him. God wanted to show that Saul would do it the way he felt was best, and what was dictated by the circumstances, rather than according to God's Word.
b. That Saul would allow his will and method to prevail over God's revealed word and will.



1. By refusing to obey His word.
Loveth me not would be equal to obeyeth me not (keepeth not my commandments). Those who tell about how much they love God, yet refuse to submit to His every law-word are deceived. They are kidding no one but themselves. God's word is exceptionally clear on this point. Love for God will result in serving Him and obeying His commandments. Those who tell how much they love Him and will not spend time in personal communion with Him in prayer, study, cannot find time to go to church, and especially if they would rather watch TV, cannot tithe, and refuse to apply His laws to their occupation are part of these who hate God. This passage in Deut. is not written to the heathen, but to God's people. Might we add, those who refuse to set under the clear, plain teaching of the truth from God's word are included in these who hate God.
2. 1) God will keep His covenant. 2) Mercy. 3) Will love thee. 4) Bless thee. 5) Multiply thee. 6) Bless the children. 7) Bless thy crops. 8) Bless thy cattle. 9) Blessed above all people. 10) None barren. 11) Protect from disease and sickness which the world has problems with. 12) Protect from our enemies. In fact, victory over them.
3. If they would obey Him they would be a special people. A kingdom of priests and an holy nation.
The New Brown-Driver - Briggs Lexicon (BDB reprinted by AP & A, Lafayette, IN 47903) pg. 136. "A divine constitution given to Israel with promises on conditions of obedience and penalties for disobedience, in the form of tables of the covenant Deut. 9:9, 11, 15, inscribed with the ten words, placed in the ark of the covenant, Nu. 10:33 + 40 t." This is only one aspect of the word covenant as BDB defines the word.
Covenant theology places all Biblical revelation in the covenant framework, Theological Word Book of the Old Testament (TWOT, pg. Vol. I, pg. 129). For an extensive study into the covenant aspect of salvation, see Charles Hodges Systematic Theology in three volumes, Eerdmans, Vol. II, chp. 2, "The Covenant of Grace", pg. 354-377. His first point is the plan of salvation is a covenant.
4. We will do it all.
5. We will do it all.
6. We will do it all, and be obedient.
7. Sprinkled it on the people.
8. The covenant is made with far more people than just those present.
9. That these people will break their side and depart from God. God will keep His side as His face turns against them.



1. Forgot His law.
2. Make it empty, etc..
a. The inhabitants have transgressed His law.
3. For sinning against the Lord.
a. As she had done to others.
4. Mount Zion, city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem.
5. Blood of Christ.
6. Death.
a. More worthy of death because they ignore the blood of Christ, whereas the OT people only ignored the blood of bulls and goats.
7. Tables of stone.
a. The heart.
8. To serve God in the manner which is acceptable to Him.
9. Can make no covenant or agreement with the heathen.
10. The Lord will not spare anyone. Rom. 2 would confirm this also.
11. Their destiny is death. The NT is abundantly clear that those who refuse to submit or recognize the authority of God's law-word, 1) are not saved, because if any man be in Christ, old things are passed away and all things are become new; 2) will have God's hand against them in judgment or chastisement if they are His, I Cor. 5; Heb. 10:12.
12. All who do evil as defined by the truth of God's word.
a. All who do right.

Additional point worth considering is found in Hengstenberg's Christology, Vol. I, pg. 548, "Scripture knows nothing of a covenant with the Gentiles. According to the view of the old, as well as the new testament, the Gentiles are received into the communion of the covenant with Israel."
With this in mind, then, as a person enters by faith into Christ they enter into the covenant. The promise of God of life, and life more abundantly is found within Christ and Him alone. The unsaved fall under the curse of the covenant, death. Christ is called the covenant of God, Isa. 42:6. This is confirmed in Gal. 3:26-29 (v. 16). Christ is the promised seed (seed of the covenant). Faith in Him from the very earliest of time, has been the requirement to enter into this covenant. The promises of God are fulfilled in Christ.
"The servant of God is called the personal and embodied covenant, because in His appearance the covenant made with Israel is to find its full truth; and every thing implied in the very idea of a covenant, all the promises flowing from this idea, are to be in Him, yea and amen (Christology--, pg. 547)". All of the promised blessings of the covenant are available in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Those in Christ can inherit the promised blessings (although the physical land of Canaan has been fulfilled, yet His promised rest which Canaan pointed to is there for His people, Heb. 4:4-11, through obedience. Those who refuse to obey inherit the curse. Yes, the redeemed will be assured of heaven even in their disobedience but their "trip" up to that point can be quite painful.
Also see Calvin's Institutes, Vol. I (Eerdmans 1972 edition), pg. 370. "2. It is possible, indeed, to explain both in one word. The covenant made with all the fathers in so far from differing from ours in reality and substance, that it is altogether one and the same: still the administration differs". The two are the same except the old administered by rites and rituals, the new by the work of Christ.



1. The cross of Christ.
2. They must be drawn by the Lord.
3. Build THE temple unto the Lord. He is quite clear here. There is only ONE end-time temple of the Lord and THE BRANCH will build it.
a. Temple.
b. God.
4. He shall bear glory.
a. Crowned with glory and honor.
5. He shall set and rule upon His throne.
a. In heaven far above all.
6. A priest.
a. Our priest.
7. Covenant, counsel of peace.
Zech. 6:13 speaks of the joining of the Priesthood and the Ruler (Priest and King) into one person, Christ. "--that Messiah should, like Mechisedec, combine the office of Priest and King (Ps. 110:4; Heb. 5:6, 10). ---The Messiah, in his two offices of Priest and King, has one common design, to bring peace to His people (Isa. 9:6; Micah 5:5) (P.C., Vol. 14, Zech. pg. 59)."
Also a good treatment of this passage is found in Barnes' Notes, as E. B. Pusey examines this, pg. 374-376.
8. They that are far off.
a. The Gentile nations.
9. Place His laws within the heart of His people and to be their God. (The Gentiles now enter into the covenant which the Jews already had.)
a. Made new in Him. New desires and goals.
10. It is written to the church at Corinth consisting of "Jews and Gentiles". Paul seems to use the term "Fathers" in the sense of the fathers of a nation as we have already seen.

Additional notes. This misunderstanding (as we mentioned at the opening of the lesson) not only stands out in the NT, as even the disciples looked for a physical kingdom (Acts 1:6), but it has constantly "cropped up" throughout church history. The church, in the past, has stood firm against this final hope of Judaism of a literal, physical, temporal kingdom where David would once again sit upon his throne and Jerusalem would be the "terror of the nations (seat of power)."
We read from J. Hastings (Dictionary of the Bible, pg. 517 [1924]), "Some enthusiasts looked for a warlike chieftain, gifted with an ability of leadership to cast off the Roman yoke and restore the kingdom of Israel to some such splendor as it had in the days of Solomon.--"
This kingdom is known as the kingdom of Heaven in the NT and sometimes called the kingdom of God. This is a far to in depth study to get into at this point. I would recommend using research material published BEFORE C.I. Scofield i.e., 1911. Scofield's doctrine is pretty well in control of Christianity now. Much of his doctrine is contrary to the traditional stand of the church.
J. Hastings, Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels, T & T Clark, first published 1906, pg. 932- 935; Dictionary of the Bible, T&T Clark, 1899, Vol. II, pg. 844-856; Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, T & T Clark, 1908, Vol. 7, pg. 732-736, etc..

C. Hodges, Systematic Theology in Three Volumes, Eerdmans 1871-1873. Vol. III, pg. 855-868. Vol. pg. 596-609.

C. H. Spurgeon, Matthew, The Gospel of The Kingdom, Pilgrim Publications, Pasadena, TX 77501, as well as his Treasury of David.

Note on Isa. 11:10-12. Barnes' gives the typical interpretation of this passage. (Isa. pg. 232) "The meaning, probably, is, that under the Messiah all the remains of that scattered people (he is referring to the physical lineage of Abraham) in all parts of the earth, whether originally appertaining to "Israel" or "Judah", should be collected into one spiritual kingdom, constituting one happy and harmonious people". He continues on that this "regathering" doesn't have to be in the land of Israel.
Far be it from me to disagree with these men. They are much wiser than I'll ever be as they all call for a revival in the physical line of Abraham. I think there is a problem of consistency with this thought. (1) The Church is the reference of Gen. 12:3 and Gal. 3:16. Paul is very clear on this. I don't know how we can say the seed there is the physical seed. IF we hold consistent to Paul's usage of the "seed", then we must say the regathering around the ensign would be His people whether "Jew" or "Gentile". The Jews are not a race today but a religion. THERE is no longer a nationality of Jews or Hebrews. They are so inner-married it is impossible to separate them. There are many other arguments against a NATIONAL HEBREW race which even these authors use. Personally, I believe the "seed" is all in Christ. That is all it will ever be. I don't see any evidence of it being anything except those in Christ. There is no indication in Gal. 3 that this "seed" will ever be laid aside.
Seemingly the context of Jn. 3 and 10 overwhelmingly speaks of His people, regardless of physical birth and race, as being the ones drawn to the ENSIGN. Yes, no doubt there will be multitudes of the physical seed of Abraham drawn but neither they know, nor do we know, if they are part of that physical seed. Only God does. The second point being no one knows their genealogy back past 70 A.D. when Jerusalem was destroyed. Third would be what "Jew" is today. Judaism today is a religion. Read of the religious ceremony which a proselyte must go through to become a Jew. The issue over immigration to Israel is not hard to follow as they argue over what makes a Jew a Jew. You will find that it is a religious ceremony which makes a Jew. Birth has nothing to do with it today. Why, even Sammy Davis Jr. can be a Jew. So could we if we would go through the ceremony. The vast majority of Bible scholars call for a "national revival" of the Jewish race. The word of God seems to indicate this, yet, only God knows how it will all work out.

Probably one of the classic arguments was between Justin Martyr, a Gentile, well educated and well traveled. Really, he could be considered the first Christian author and philosopher of the sub-apostolic age. We have a record of his Dialogue with Trypho, a Jew. This took place around 165 A.D.. Some of the headings of this discourse are; "Christians are the Holy People promised to Abraham. They have been called like Abraham." "Christians were promised to Isaac, Jacob and Judah." "Ridiculous interpretations of the Jews, Christians are the true Israel". (Ante-Nicene Fathers, Eerdmans, Vol. I, pg. 258-262.)

Also, let us be reminded that "Scripture knows nothing of a covenant with the Gentiles. According to the view of the old, as well as the new testament, the Gentiles were received into the communion of the covenant with Israel, (Hengstenburg)." The OT also speaks of the law written in the heart and of the joy which the law brought to the OT saints, Ps. 51. Ps. 119, especially, speaks of the joy found in the law of God. Therefore, the prophecies such as Heb. 10:16, 17; Jer. 31:31-34 would be speaking of opening the covenant up to "whosoever will", the Gentile nations (the wild beasts of the field). They also are welcome into the original covenant made actually with Adam. The promises of the covenant are no longer restricted as they were before Christ. We can rejoice in this.



1. Keep the total law-word of our God,including His dietary laws.
2. Seeing the prosperity of the wicked and envying him.
a. They will not last.
b. In the house of the Lord, as he drew near to the Lord.
3. To see the size and might of the enemy, be afraid of them and doubt God's ability.
a. Remember the mighty works which God has done in the past. We have a written record of them.
4. No man can stand before those who are being obedient to Him. See Matt. 16:18.



1. God.
2. To establish His covenant. Wealth is to be used to further His Kingdom in accordance to Matt. 6:33. Any use contrary to that would be contrary to I Cor. 10:31; therefore, sin.
3. Become prosperous and forget where it came from. We forget where it came from when we get so busy pursuing wealth that we no longer have time for God or His service.
By "establish His covenant" we would mean to use finances to further His Kingdom. An example would be using the finances which God has provided to carry on "social" programs. When a family is in need, a Christian or a Church should attempt to meet this need according to God's principles. If they need child care, the Christian, Church should be willing to assist so they can work to become self-supporting. If they need job training, the Christian, Church, if possible, should help train, again, so they can become self-supporting.
Whatever the person or family needs to help them become self-supporting, we should be willing to help in the name of the Lord, Matt. 25:40-45. This is not to help them remain in their "careless" attitude if there is one, but help them to support themselves.
The Church did this at one time, job training, language and schooling. The individuals were thankful to the ones doing this in the name of the Lord and this gave the "church" power. Slowly, over the years, this attachment has been won away by civil government. Now all of these things are done in the name of the government. This gives the civil government the power with the common folks, that one time the Church had, as they insist that people line up with their standards.
As people now try to meet these social needs in the name of the Lord, the state sees a challenge to its power. This is the conflict over Christian education, child-care and all sorts of social programs. If the people will do it in the name of the state, the state will even encourage it. But when it is done in the name of the Lord, conflict arises.
4. Lawful work.
5. a. Leads to "respect of person", or judgment perverted, Ja. 2:1-9.
b. Leads to trust in wealth and pride.
c. Love of money.
d. When he was established, he forsook the law of the Lord.
6. a. All things, circumstances.
b. Tribulations.
c. Authority.
d. Prosperity.
7. Let us be content with what we have, work hard, and He will supply all of our needs, Ph. 4:19.
8. Food and clothing.
9. To advance His cause. His Kingdom. NOT OURS.
10. He reminds them they came from being servants in Egypt; through the wilderness He supplied all their needs. Therefore, He is the One who did it. REMEMBER WHERE THEY CAME FROM. Also, remember that He is the one who gives the strength to gain wealth.
11. They will surely perish.



1. His heart was lifted up with pride because of his beauty (satan's). Note that the beauty was NOT his, but had been given to him by God.
Those things which we get so lifted up over aren't ours, either, and it is crazy to get "lifted up" over them. Paul deals with this in I Cor. 4:6, 7. The apostle points out there in chp. 4 that our job is to be faithful over what God has provided us with. If there is some worldly acclaim over it, we MUST remember we are only stewards over what He has provided us with. Our Lord addressed this in Lk. 17:7-10, as the servant had great requirements placed upon him and he was faithful in fulfilling them. Notice there were two basic requirements. 1. Working in the field; 2. Serving his master. I think we could break this down for us as servants today. 1. Working for our living, then; 2. Faithfully serving our Master in the area He has called us into, such as a bus route, SS class, visitation, etc.. Every Christian should have another responsibility for the Lord besides their occupation. This is NOT to say that our occupation is separate from our service for God. That would be sin. It is to be viewed as part of it.
What do we have? The servant had been given great responsibilities (and qualifications to go with it, I might add. Who He calls, He qualifies). The servant faithfully fulfilled his responsibilities even though required effort far into the night. Notice what the Master told us about this, v. 10. We have only done what was required of us and what we have been equipped to do. Why should there be pride, that's silly.
2. He was going to remove nations greater and mightier than them and give to them their land. He was going to destroy them from before His people. It is imperative that we understand this truth in this lesson. The size and might of the enemies of God and godliness WILL NOT determine the outcome of the conflict between the Forces of Light and the powers of darkness. What will determine the outcome is how FAITHFUL His servants are to the wishes and commands of their MASTER.
3. They were in danger of thinking, 1) They did it, or; 2) because of goodness on their part God did it for them. We might mention, He did not call us unto Himself because of any good He saw in us, or for good He saw in us in the future, because there are none righteous. In fact, there are none that seek after Him.
4. Same answer as #2.
a. If they will do vv. 1-3, there are many promises contained in vv. 4-13. It isn't hard to pick them out.
b. Their enemies will flee before them. This is a pretty good ratio, 5 vs. 100 and 100 vs. 10,000. Numbers and physical might just don't matter to the Lord. What does matter is vv. 1-3.
c. Based upon vv. 1-3. A good question here. Does our enemy permit just enough victory in the areas of vv. 4-13 to prevent our returning back to vv. 1-3?
d. Their boldness comes from knowing they are right with their God and with man, the clear conscience. If we are right with God and man we will not fear what man can do to us, Lk. 12:4. Who do we fear more?
5. Again, the same answer as #3. We put these repeat questions in here to emphasize the importance of this.
6. Two reasons here. 1) Because of the wickedness of the heathens. 2) In fulfillment of a promise to Abraham. Might we mention, God delights to show Himself strong against the wickedness around us. The reason He cannot is because vv. 1-3 have been removed from the modern Christian's Bibles, leaving no Bible at all. God' word is a total word for a total man or it is no word at all. No doubt Ezek. 22:30 is for us today. Might each of us determine in our heart to be the one called for in Ezek. 22:30 and Rom. 12:1-2.

Note also Gal. 3:29. Those in Christ are heirs to the promise made to Abraham. Those in Christ can fully expect the very power of God to work through them as they submit to His authority. Again, Deut. 9:1-3.
a. Once again we are faced with a fact which the natural man hates. It is for His own good pleasure and purpose, not man's, Eph. 1:11-12.
7. They are a rebellious and stiff-necked people. I'm afraid we also must plead guilty to this. Thank God for His mercy and grace.
8. How they had provoked the Lord in the past with their rebellion. This would be a constant reminder that He is not giving the present victories because they were such a good people.
9. Unprofitable servants. We have done no more than is expected of us.
a. From Him. It is all of Christ. By Him were all things created, for Him were all things created and by Him all things consist, that in all things He might have the pre-eminence, Col. 1:16-19.
10. Humbling ourselves before our God in prayer, as well as attitudes and actions.



1. Bear the ark, stand before the Lord to minister unto Him, and bless His name.
a. The Lord.
2. Fear God and walk in all His ways.
a. We must appear before Him.
b. Do justly, love mercy, walk humbly.
c. Obedience to His every law-word. -- Anyone can do this by His grace. We don't have to be a "big name" or even a "doctor". In fact, a person doesn't have to go to school to be able to please God. The purpose of any and all schooling is to be more effective in His service. I Cor. 10:31. See our paper on "Education". (THE AXE-EDUCATION)
3. (1) To fear God. (2) Walk in all His ways. (3) To love Him. (4) To serve Him with all our heart and soul. (5) To keep His commandments and statutes.
4. 1) Heart 2) Soul 3) Might
a. 1) heart= emotions, spiritual center. 2) Soul= life. 3) Might= strength, ability. 4) Mind= deep thought, I Pet. 1:13; II Pet. 3:1.
b. Mind. The emotions must be brought under control to God's will and word. As the mind is controlled, so will the emotions be controlled.
5. Bring every thought to the obedience of Christ. Of course, the OT saints were exhorted to meditate in His law also.
a. Hate= murder. The thought is as bad as the action, Matt. 5:28. Whatever we meditate on will control us.
b. Memorizing and meditating on the word of God, Ps. 1.
Lk. 6:45 (Matt. 12:34) "--for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh." Our Lord is quite clear here. What is in the heart will come out. Therefore, one of the first steps for victory over sin is memorizing Scripture. A Christian counselor will make this clear to those who seek his help. Probably one of the most effective ways to find out if the counselee means business is to give them "homework assignments". The way they regard that assignment will let us know their true attitude toward help. If they really want help, they will have a proper attitude toward the assignment. An assigned list of Scriptures which deal with the root of the problem is an excellent place to start. If the counselee fails to see and act on the importance of memorizing Scriptures, this shows his attitude toward his problem and the answer. It will also show that the counselor is "wasting his time" as far as being able to bring that person out of their difficulty. Because, 1) the person doesn't have the confidence in the counselor to do what he suggests. 2) The person has not reached his end to where he is willing to do anything; to where he has given up all hope in human means and, 3) he does not see the importance of God's word in answering his need. When a person doesn't see this importance a godly pastor has no answers for him. Probably the person will flee to the worldly "pastor" or counselor, yet there is no help there.
Let us not think for a moment that a person needing help won't come our way to tie up our time. One of the best ways to sort out those who truly want the Lord's help from those that just want to "get by", or with motives other than the Lord's help, is homework, Scripture assignments. Every pastor who counsels should read Jay E. Adams: Competent to Counsel, Baker Book House, and The Christian Counselor's Manual, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co.



1. For our good.
2. Fear, love, service, obedience. All of these from the heart.
3. A soft heart of obedience toward God. A circumcised heart. For an excellent treatment of this, see Charles Hodges "Romans" chp. IV, Banner of Truth Trust.
4. The Lord is God of gods, Lord of lords, a great, mighty, terrible God who does not regard persons. His judgment is just.
a. Righteous judgment according to the truth of God's word, Jn. 17:17. God's law-word alone contains the standard for justice. His law is the only standard that will work.
5. Fatherless, widow and stranger (unsaved)
a. He provides for them through His people as His people obey Him.
b. This proves His peoples love for Him, as well as their faith.
c. By obeying God's word toward them. Treating them fairly (justly) and helping them in their need.

Some additional notes. "Justice William O. Douglas has pointed out the obvious fact that law once had a divine sanction and rested on "God's will". Now, however, the sovereignty of God has been replaced by "the sovereignty of the individual". In terms of this, for Douglas the civil liberties struggle is of necessity hostile to the old order ("Institutes", pg. 227).

"Without justice, the law becomes a form of theft ("Law & Liberty", R. J. Rushdoony, Thoburn Press, 11121 Pope's Head Road, Fairfax, VI 22030, pg. 91.)

ST. AUGUSTIN made a very telling statement in "The City of God, "Justice being taken away, then, what are kingdoms but great robberies? For what are robberies themselves, but little kingdoms? The band itself is made up of men; it is ruled by the authority of a prince, it is knit together by the pact of the confederacy; the booty is divided by the law agreed on. If, by the admittance of abandoned men, this evil increases to such a degree that it holds place, fixes abodes, takes possession of cities, and subdues peoples, it assumes the more plainly the name of a kingdom, because the reality is now manifestly conferred on it, not by the removal of covetousness, but by the addition of impunity. Indeed, that was an apt and true reply which was given to Alexander the Great by a pirate who had been seized. For when that king had asked the man what he meant by keeping hostile possession of the sea, he answered with bold pride, "What thou meanest by seizing the whole earth; but because I do it with a petty ship, I am called a robber, whilst thou who dost it with a great fleet art styled emperor.""

(Book IV, chp. 4). He said here that a nation without justice is no better than a band of robbers. Mercy, how right he was.



1. If you love me keep my commandments. All of chp. 14 emphasizes this and His commandments are revealed in His law-word. The people of Christ's day did not like to hear that He was the Law- Maker which spoke from Sinai anymore than people like to hear this today. The natural man is anti-law, antinomian and we'll find many excuses to justify it.
a. By failing to keep His commandments. We cannot emphasize enough that God's word does not equate love with emotion. Love (and faith) is action.
b. The context is to the disciples as they are to write down what He has said for all generations to read. Barnes' (Lk.-Jn., pg. 33) points out, "Shall teach you all things--which it was needful for them to understand in the apostolic office, and particularly those things which they were not prepared then to hear or could not then understand"--- "--remembrance. This probably refers to two things: 1st, He would seasonably remind them of the sayings of Jesus which they might otherwise have forgotten. In the organization of the church, and in compassing the sacred history he would preside over their memories as were necessary either for their comfort or the edification of his people.---" "---2nd. The Holy Spirit would teach them the meaning of those things which the Saviour had spoken.---"
Henstenberg (Commentary on John, Vol. II, Klock & Klock, 2527 Girard Ave. N. Minneapolis, Minn. 55411, pg. 229) points out here, "As the result of its fulfillment to those to whom it was primarily given we have received the Holy Scriptures of the NT, and in them the remedy of all our ignorance; especially as depending upon the promise given first to the apostles, we may be confident that we are not left to ourselves in its interpretation, but that the Holy Spirit will continue His teaching function by the exposition of the truth of Scriptures."
Conclusion: This passage was fulfilled with the Apostles as it was spoken to them. Yet, in this we find a promise here for us today that as we try to do His will the Holy Spirit will continue His ministry of bringing to our mind what His Word has said. This will fit in with Jn. 7:17. We must have a good knowledge of what He has said in His Word or the Holy Spirit cannot bring it to our minds. He will bring to our minds what we must do to show our love for God and for man in accordance with His word.
c. Keeping His word. Notice, you would think here that John remembered what our Lord said back in St. Jn. 14.
d. This would be doing the things which please the world (flesh and devil might we add).
e. They were not of us or of God.
f. The Holy Spirit in us will "press us" to do His will.
g. This would be a person who will not show his love for God and God does not deal with him as a son.
h. Continuing to walk in obedience to His commandments as defined in I Jn. 3:4.
Let us be reminded of a point here with I Jn.. There are two types of sin covered here. First we have the antimonian sin; the anti-law attitude toward sin. This attitude says, "I don't care what God's word says, this is what I am going to do." It's an attitude which is against the law (restrictions or commandments) of God. The person who has this kind of attitude "--hath not seen him (God) neither knoweth him, I Jn. 3:6." This attitude is of the devil and is a mark that a person is unsaved no matter how loudly they proclaim otherwise, I Jn., chp. 3.
Then the other sin. This is the one where the person has the desire to please God and they are trying. Yet, they "slip and fall". This is the one which is covered in I Jn. 1:8, 10 (Prov. 28:13, 14). This is the one that if we say we have no sin we are liars.
If you will follow these two sins through in I John it will help in the understanding of this book. The unsaved man has a anti-law attitude. The saved man has an positive law attitude, yet he fails. The born-again child of God will have a desire to please his Father. If that desire is not there, he is not one of His. I Jn. makes this clear.



1. Their love for Him. We will either show our love for Him or our love for the world. We cannot love both. Every action will show one or the other. There is no such thing as neutrality. A person is either for Him or against Him.
2. He made us (as well as redeemed us). Every human being falls under this as His creation.
a. Bring glory to Him.
3. Those who have seen and known the works of the Lord first hand. Not hear-say.
a. 60 and under. All from 20 and up had to die in the past 40 years. Add the 40 years to the 20.
b. His chastisement -- greatness -- mighty hand -- stretched out arm -- miracles -- acts upon Egypt -- acts upon the land -- acts upon the army of horses and chariots and upon the sea to overflow them to destroy them -- acts unto His people -- acts upon the rebellious in their midst.
c. Instruction and correction of a loving Father upon His children. Discipline speaks of discipleship (see below).
d. To correct and instruct His people. To go even further, because of His love He corrects and instructs (chastises) His people. Because if we are without chastisement, we are not His. Heb. 12 is very clear on this.
4. It sure wasn't a desert as was Egypt. It was well watered from the heavens. The Lord would watch over it to see that they got the proper amount of rain at the proper time, year around. Land of milk (grains and grasses) and honey (flowers and fruit trees).
5. (1) v. 1 -- love and keep. (2) V. 22 -- Love and walk.
a. (1) Keep. (2) Hiding His word in our heart, teaching to our kids, living His word before them day and night. (3) Keep. (4) Serve-keep. (5) Walk, obey, serve, cleave. Notice here that love for God will place obedience to His word ABOVE personal relationships. This principle is clearly presented again by our Lord as well as the NT authors. Matt. 10:34-39; II Jn. 10 where any means any. This would include family.
Also here, we can rest assured that if we claim to take God's word as our final authority for every thought and action (II Tim. 3:16) there will be very close friends or family which will attempt to seduce us away. There will be nice sounding preachers and teachers who will attempt to get us to serve their false gods and their other Jesus. II Tim. 3 covers this well. We will prove our love for HIM by our faithfulness to His Word, no matter who would try to influence us away from it. God will even send them by. If we say we have faith, God will see that it is proved and that "proving" will come from the most unexpected sources, Ja. 2 (I Pet. 1:7). (6) Walk in His ways. (7) Return -- repentance of sin and return to His word as our final authority. Obey His every word, "all His commandments". (8) Walk-keep. (9) Obey- cleave. (10) Keep. (11) Keep.

6. Teaching our children. Note this is not the school's or church's responsibility. It is the parents, but if the school and/or church does not back up what the parents teach them we end up with a double minded child who sure won't be stable toward the Lord our God, Ja. 1:8. Parents are to turn out disciples from their home. In fact, they will-- either disciples who love God, His word, His work, His house, prayer, the Lord's day, etc., or disciples who are unconcerned in these areas. The attitude of the parents toward these things of God WILL BE passed on to their children.
The attitude of indifference toward God and His law-word will be picked up. Then we wonder why the kids from "Christian homes" go to the devil. It is not the church's or Christian school's responsibility to disciple the children. It is the parents, Eph. 6:4. A list of do's and don'ts is needed, but that list without the discipleship program on the part of the parents will lead to "wrathful" children. When the parents (Dad and Mom, if both profess to be saved) display a love for God's word by spending time in study, so will the children. If dad or mom display a disregard toward church or the Lord's day, so will the children. This will go into every area of life-- authority, money, personal relationships, civil government, occupation, etc.. The context seems to say, "Obey His every word and His people will have heaven on earth to enjoy."
a. The prosperity promised above will last as long as the heavens will last. In fact, heaven and earth will pass away before one word of our God fails. Even then, His word will not fail. This could also speak of heaven on earth rather than "hell" on earth. I don't think the Lord meant or means for our life to be misery here. The context seems to say, obey His every word and His people will have heaven on earth.


1. We have already seen that the covenant covers all of mankind. This verse points out that as long as man is upon the earth he is to observe these statutes and judgments. They are for his good.
2. Every man doing what is right in his own eyes.
a. (1) By the hearts of God's people being turned away from their God. Let us point out that we show where our heart is by our actions, Matt. 6. (2) Going, winning the lost and then teaching His people His total law-word so they can observe to do all of it, Deut. 12:1.
3. We will end up doing "every man what is right in his own eyes." Compare v. 8 with 13:18. We will act according to that which is right. The question is, whose definition is right. God's or ours. We hear many people say, "I thought it through and this is what I feel is right". This is humanism--man is the standard of right and wrong. It must be "I have searched God's word and prayed and here is what God says I must do". Anything less is sin, for whatever is not of faith is sin.
4. It represented the life of the victim.
5. That it may go well with thee. Notice, God did not give His law in order to prove that He is God and we're men, or to exercise His authority, or because He dislikes us and wants to make things hard on us. This is the impression we get from many teachers today.
6. Thou inquire not after their gods. No doubt this absolutely forbids studying false religions to find out how they worship their gods. It is common to hear of folks who have made such studies start "serving" those false gods which they studied about. Government education seems to specialize in requiring these studies, yet not into Christianity.
7. Every abomination to the Lord, which he hateth. Let us be reminded, sin is in relationship to HIM and HIS revealed law-word.


1. (1) From among the congregation.
(2) From among our own family.
(3) From hear-say. It was to be checked out though before any action could be taken.
2. Turn the heart of God's people from God. We must keep in mind that a false god would be anything which would keep God's people from obeying their God and living in accordance with His every Law-Word. There is an over-abundance of these teachers today. See Lesson #3.
a. Teach men to break even the least of His Commandments. Might we add, not only teach men to break them but fail to emphasize the importance of this obedience.
3. The Lord our God.
a. To prove who are His and who are not. See Ja. 2:19.
b. Great signs and wonders.
c. Apostles of Christ, angels of light and ministers of righteousness.-- Far too often we fail to realize that they will look and sound like the real thing. This is what makes them so dangerous to those who do not compare everything to God's Word.
4. Avoid them.
(1) Failure to emphasize the substitutionary sacrifice of Christ and the necessity of trusting in what He did for us. See our book, "The Gospel Perverted".
(2) We have already mentioned this, but someone who teaches that the commandments are not for God's people today.
(3) There are many things here, but the one we need to note is the teacher who connects gain with godliness. Much of today's false teaching is based on this doctrine. "If you are godly you will prosper with money, numbers, material good, etc.." Of course, it isn't hard to spot v. 10, the teachers who are after money. Although godliness should result in gain as God honors His Word.
(4) A teacher with a self-assertive attitude, the opposite of "in meekness instructing others".
(5) Again, there are many marks of a false teachers which we are to avoid here -- covetous, boasters, proud. V. 8, notice here they have an "unteachable" attitude as they resist the truth.
(6) Here we have the false teacher which denies the Lord's authority over the individual or over the church.
5. Put to death.
6. Immediate family.
a. All of God's people would see and fear.
b. Open rebuke for sin to the ones who refuse to repent.
(1) That others may fear.
7. A diligent search into the facts.
a. If the city was going after other gods, then the whole city was to be destroyed, the spoil burned also. They could NOT profit at the expense of their brothers sin by keeping the spoil for themselves. This also would be a Biblical injunction against gambling. Gambling makes a profit from the loss of another. In fact, it also leads to hoping the other person suffers misfortune and loses so I can win.



1. Life.
a. No cutting for the dead, no baldness for the dead. In other words, no heathen manner of mourning or sorrow over the dead.
b. We are not to sorrow over the death of God's people as the heathens sorrow. We have a hope which they do not have.
c. God is the God of the living, not of the dead.
d. His people are not to sorrow as though we will never see one another again. Really, death is victory for His people, NOT defeat as it is for the unsaved. All of I Cor. 15 is exceptionally good here. See especially vv. 51-58.
2. His people are a holy people. This is found often throughout Scriptures. We have already seen this in Deut. 7:6. The margin in our Bibles give Lev. 11:45; 19:2; 20:26; Isa. 62:12; Dan. 8:24; Rom. 12:1; I Pet. 2:9 as cross-references.
a. "and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works". The purpose of the people who He has redeemed is a zeal for good works and good identified by His every law-word.
b. To present their bodies a living sacrifice.
(1) Absolutely everything. Physical, mental, emotional, etc.. When everything is given to Him there will not be one area missing.
3. All manner of four-footed beasts, etc.--.
a. Evil beasts.
b. That God had cleansed the Gentiles. Made them acceptable in Christ under the new covenant.
4. Sheep.
a. Assyria, Babylon.
Let's consider a couple of quotes on Isa. 11:6 (65:25). Barnes' (Barnes' Notes, Isaiah, I, pg. 228) "The fair interpretation of this passage is, therefore, that revolution will be produced in the wild and evil passions of men -- the only thing with which the gospel has to do--as great as if a change were produced on the animal creation, and the most ferocious and the most helpless should dwell together." He goes on, pg. 229, "and it is clear, therefore, that the whole passage is to be interpreted in a moral sense, as denoting great and important change in society, and in the hearts of men." He gives 5 pages (226-23) of argument and scriptural proof showing this reference by Isaiah is to the age of the Church, when mens evil hearts are changed through the power of the gospel. He then shows how former enemies now dwell together in peace.

Pulpit Commentary follows this line of thought on pg. 210 (ISAIAH). "V.V. 6-9 -- The intensive and extensive power of the gospel." Pg. 207 -- "Verse 14 -- The church triumphs over its enemies."

Hegstenberg (Christology of the OT, MacDonald Publishing, Co., Vol. I, pg. 455). "The purpose of the whole discourse was to strengthen and comfort believers on the occasion of Asshur's inroads into the country; To bring it home to the convictions of those who were despairing of the kingdom of God, that He who is in the midst of them is greater than the world with all its apparent power; and thereby to awaken and arouse them to resign themselves entirely into the hands of their God. It is for this purpose that the prophet first describes the catastrophe of Asshur; That then, in chapter XI, he points to the highest glorification which in future is destined for the Church of God by the appearance of Christ, in order that she may the more clearly perceive that every fear regarding her existence is folly." Again, Hengstenberg (who wrote this around 1850) identifies this passage with the Church. The prophecy given here by Isaiah is hope for a nation facing extinction for her sins.

Keil says of this passage (Vol. 7, Isaiah, pg. 285) "--The fathers and such commentators as Luther, Calvin, and Vitringa, have taken all these figures from the animal world as symbolical. Modern rationalists, on the other hand, understand them literally, but regard the whole as a beautiful dream and wish. It is a prophecy, however, the realization of which is to be expected on this side of the boundary between time and eternity, and, as Paul has shown in Rom. VIII, is an integral link in the predestined course of the history of salvation (Hengstenberg, Umbreit, Hofmann, Drechsler)." The rest of Keil's comments here are quite interesting.



1. That God had accepted the Gentiles.
a. Meat, drink, holy day, new moon and sabbath days (special days of rest). This would all be references to the work of Christ. These mediation laws were not actually done away with, rather, they are completely fulfilled in Christ. They are no longer required of His people. Our approach to the Father is no longer through the meat offerings, drink offerings, holy days, etc., but now is through Christ and His finished work. He is now continually making all of the required offerings for His people before the Father. His eternal blood which He presented before the Father is continually doing this.
See Lev. 23:13 for a reference to the meat and drink offerings. See II Ki. 4:23 for a reference to the new moon and sabbath. As we study scriptures, we will find that the Hebrew calendar was a thirty day lunar-calendar with the new-moon being an important day of rest (Sabbath means rest, not seventh). Num. 29:1 gives us an example.
Col. 2:14, 15, is a warning against the Judaizers who were attempting to place the early church (before 70 A.D.) under Judaism. They were telling the new Hebrew Christians that they still had to "reverence" the temple and its laws. Paul clearly tells these new Christians that all of these rites and rituals were only a shadow of things to come. He goes onto tell them not to let any men influence them to go back to those things. The book of Hebrews deals with this situation extensively.
We must keep in mind that the early church before 70 A.D. was largely Hebrew. The message of Christ went first into the synagogues when the apostles went into an area. There were a few Gentiles but by far most were Hebrews. The "battle" was against the Jewish teachers who were trying to bring Christians back into the Synagogue and under the Jewish religion. The doctrine being countered by Paul was that in order to be a good follower of God you had to become a Jewish proselyte and observe the rites, rituals and customs.
b. They all pointed to Christ and His work. Therefore, we see that ONLY what spoke of the work of Christ was done away with.
2. That His people are a holy people.
3. We will always have them with us.
a. The civil government.
We can rest assured that the government will see an infinite need (they will make it so if need be). In seeing this infinite need they will demand indefinite resources to meet that need. Their answer is always "more funds".
4. Levite.
a. He had no inheritance with the people.
b. The pastor should not have to be entangled in the affairs of this world. Acts 6:4 shows us that the pastor should be able to give himself to the Word of God and prayer.





1. Every creditor (lender) is to release the debt every seven years.
2. This requirement of release does not cover the foreign (unsaved). His debt can be for more than 6 years. He is bound by sin, and debt release will not solve his sin problem. The heathen (unsaved) is permitted to be bound by long term debt. God's people are not to be bound by anything except love one for another and love for God.
3. It was a means to prevent poverty among His people.
4. Covetousness.
a. Idolatry.
b. Covetous, (money-loving). Also notice, "Lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God", v. 4. Here are those who would rather take part in the pleasures which this world offers than to serve God with their time, talents, treasures.
c. Avoid them. If we hang around these folks, our heart will be won away from our Lord, I Cor. 15:33. Might we mention, also, that if we allow our children to run with these kind of folks, they, also, will develop the same attitude. If we obeyed this, our friends would be few.
d. False teachers, prophets, who are motivated by covetousness. The desire for more and more. Their fine sounding words cover this covetousness up and keep it very well hidden in most cases. Yet, their life style (as well as discernment from the word and Spirit of God) will reveal the truth.
5. 1) No poor among you; 2) The Lord will greatly bless; 3) Be the lender to the heathen nations; 4) Reign over the nations.



1. To see the poor among His people and not help them raises a question, "How dwelleth the love of God in him?"
2. Generosity. Lending to him what he needs.
a. Prohibited from collecting interest (usury) of any kind or amount from him. God clearly prohibits the making of a profit from those in need or from the dire circumstances of others. Rather than seeing those dire circumstances as a means to gain, we should view them as an opportunity to help and PROVE our Christianity.
3. (1) If he refuses to work.
(2) Slothfulness, sluggard; again, the one to lazy to work.
(3) Failure to be faithful over what is given or provided. If he uses the funds for non- essentials, or squanders the funds away, we cannot finance that.
(4) Failure to take care of his family. Here we see we should not use God's money to support a man so he can go do his thing while his family does without.
4. That they should remember the poor. This verse shows that the Lord puts a very high regard upon this principle. Why don't we?
5. Release. Twice this is given here in just a short passage. This shows us the danger of seeing this as a "waste of money," therefore, refusing to do it or seeing it as "lost money".
a. The danger would be that the lender would see very little, if any at all, hope of getting his money back so he wouldn't lend.
6. If we fail to obey God's word with our finances, then we are serving money and not God. Our money, as well as our bodies, is to be sacrificed to the Lord God.
a. We prove where our heart is by where we will invest our money.
b. Don't be grieved. "This is wasted money. I'll never see it again".
7. The poor we have with us always.
8. There is a way that seems right, yet is wrong. Prov. 11:24-25 is a very good illustration of this principle in action.
9. Don't eat the blood. Fornication is covered elsewhere in the lessons of divorce.







1. Passover.
a. Their Jan. or first month of the year.
b. Cut off from among His people because of sin.
c. The sacrifice of Christ.
d. Removal of malice and wickedness.
2. It is a remembrance of Christ and what He did for us.
a. Thayer, (pg. 40) says, "in an unworthy manner," without self-preparation. This word is only used here in this passage, although we should point out that Vine's (pg. 1188) says, "treating it as a common meal, the bread and cup as common things, not apprehending their solemn symbolic import." The context, v. 34, would lean this direction.
Charles Hodges (First Epistle to the Corinthians, E.M. Eerdman, pg. 231) says, --"To eat or drink unworthily is in general to come to the Lord's table in a careless, irreverent spirit, without the intention or desire to commemorate the death of Christ as the sacrifice for our sins, without the purpose of complying with the engagement which we thereby assume. The way in which the Corinthians ate unworthily was, that they treated the Lord's table as though it were their own; making no distinction between the Lord's supper table and an ordinary meal; coming together to satisfy their hunger, and not to feed on the body and blood of Christ; and refusing to commune with the poorer brethren. This, though one, is not the only way in which men may eat and drink unworthily. All that is necessary to observe is, that the warning is directly against the careless and profane, and not against the timid and the doubting."
Probably the best explanation of this is found in Spurgeon's Catechism (Pilgrim Publications, Box 66, Pasadena, TX 77501, pg. 31). Question #81. "What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's supper? A. It is required of them who would worthily partake of the Lord's supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern the Lord's body (I Cor. 11:28, 29), of their faith to feed upon Him (II Cor. 13:5), of their repentance (I Cor. 11:31), love (I Cor. 11:18, 20), and new obedience (I Cor. 5:8), lest coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves (I Cor. 11:27, 29)."
Here we see that the main thrust of the context is eating the Lord's supper as though it were just another meal, yet it includes much more.

b. Examine ourselves. Again, Hodges, pg. 232 "In other words, let him ascertain whether he has correct views of the nature and design of the ordinance, and whether he has the proper state of mind. That is, whether he desires thankfully to commemorate the Lord's death, renewedly to partake of the benefits of that death as a sacrifice for his sins, publicly to accept that covenant of grace with all its promises and obligations, and to signify his fellowship with his brethren as joint members with himself of the body of Christ." If a person is humbly seeking Christ, He bids us welcome to partake of Him.
c. Let's follow the thought of the context through. The purpose here would be to examine ourselves to see if we are seeking Him, yet this would be much more. Spurgeon gave 6 areas which should be examined and confessed or judged. See #2.
d. Deal with the sin, confess AND forsake. If we will face up to our sins, confess them before God, then we will not be afflicted. The reason God must judge, afflict, chastise His people is because they will not face up to sin and deal with it.
Might we add that there is really no reason not to partake of the Lord's supper because the means is there for the purifying of the soul and conscience. To remain in a sin which would prevent partaking of it is stubbornness.
e. Chastisement from the Father, Heb. chp. 12. This chastisement is designed by the Father to bring His children to repentance. The world faces eternal condemnation for their sin which His children will not. The world also faces temporal condemnation (physical problems) from their sins. So will His children who remain in sin, according to Heb. 10 and Prov. 28:14.
S.I. McCillen, M.D., in the preface of his book, "None of these Diseases" (Spire Books) makes this statement. "Peace does not come in capsules! This is regrettable because medical science recognizes that emotions such as fear, sorrow, envy, resentment and hate are responsible for the majority of our sicknesses. Estimates vary from 60 per cent to nearly 100 per cent."
A Christian who will not deal with sin will face the same diseases as does the world. The power in Christ is there to free us from sin.
f. If there is anything taught in Scripture it is "--Thou hast destroyed thyself--", Hosea 13:9. Of course, there are "troubles" from God which will arise which are not chastisement from God but rather to teach us something or to prepare us for a "future greater good". It must be examined in the light of scripture, Isa. 17:9-10; Ph. 3:15.
g. (1) Chastening. (2) Trial. To see if we will give up or to strengthen us. Might we say, the Lord knows which it is but we don't, at times, nor do those watching us. The trial may be to speak to us or those around us. Sad to say, many are so convinced in their error that rather than seeing the trouble as #1, chastening over sin, and then dealing with sin, they see it as #2, trial, and only become more committed in their error. The cults become more committed through trials. Thinking that trials confirm their belief as being correct. We had better claim Ph. 3:15.
3. "Holy Convocation". (BDB, pg. 896) "sacred assembly. Religious gathering on Sabbath and certain sacred days." Used also in Num. 10:2 as "for the calling of the assembly"; Isa. 4:5 "her assemblies" and; Neh. 8:8 "cause (them) to understand the reading." "Therefore, we see this would be a giant "family get-together".
a. In Christ -- We have these "get-togethers" mentioned for the NT. One would be Heb. 10:25. This is in Christ, and the unity in Him, public assemblies in remembrance of Him. It would not be hard to think of several things regarding the Church which would speak of the "holy convocation"-- the reading, preaching, teaching of the word (Neh. 8:8). Our gathering together is in celebration of His resurrection. So is the Lord's supper. Christ fulfilled it all.
4. Judge righteously.
A point worth considering would be v. 21, "--plant thee a grove of any trees--" TWOT (Moody Press, pg. 81) says here as they discuss the worship of Asherah. "--Only once is the verb "to plant" used, Deut. 16:21, and here the meaning is "implant." The conclusion then is that in the OT Asherah stands for the Canaanite goddess represented by a carved wooden image implanted into the ground, usually adjacent to an altar dedicated to the god Baal and located on a hilltop under a leafy tree (Patai)". See also J. Hastings "Dictionary of the Bible" T & T Clark, pg.165.
No doubt that these were Phallus symbols used in the fertility cult worship by the Canaanites. We see the Phallus symbols all around us today, of which the Washington monument is only one. For further information on the Obelisk and its phallus significance, see "Babylon Mystery Religion" Ralph Woodrow, Box 124, Riverside, CA. 92502, pg. 39-46.



1. An offering with a blemish.
a. An abomination.
b. Serving other gods, the sun and moon, and hosts of heaven.
c. Wickedness.
d. Peace offerings to accomplish vows, freewill offerings. (See Lev. 7:16; 1:3) Keil, Third Book of Moses, pg. 435, "An animal with a fault would not be acceptable -- vv. 21, 22. Every peace-offering was also to be faultless, whether brought "to fulfill a special (important) vow" (cf. Num. 15:3, 8), or as a freewill gift; that is to say, it was to be free from such faults as blindness, or broken limb, or cutting (i.e. mutilation), or an abscess.-- Verse 23. As a voluntary peace offering they might indeed offer an ox or sheep that was "stretched out and drawn together," i.e. with the whole body or certain limbs either too large or too small; but such an animal could not be acceptable as a votive offering.-- Verse 24. Castrated animals were not to be sacrificed, nor in fact to be kept in the land at all. ---The castration of animals is a mutilation of God's creation, and the prohibitation of it was based upon the same principle as that of mixing heterogeneous things in chp. 19:19."
This is indeed interesting. Castrating is standard, accepted practice today, yet the Lord clearly forbids this. It is associated with the same principle as the mingling of diverse (different) kind in 19:19. Could the present day attitude by society toward sodomites be connected with this principle? God regards castration and mingling as under the same principles, both against His law. Could our indifference toward these laws be reflected in society's indifference toward sodomy?
2. There could be no blemish.
a. Ourselves, our bodies.
b. Murmuring and disputings.
c. Walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness. Here we have a reference to those who profess to be Christians, even taking part in special "feasts", maybe the Lord's supper. They turned these Christian festivals into shambles. They were professing Christ, yet living ungodly lives after the lusts of the flesh. These type of people place "spots and blemishes" upon those who are trying to offer themselves spotless before God (and the world, might we add). I Cor. 5 gives the answer. It is not hard tothink of the bad reputation that "carnal Christians" give to those who are trying to live godly.
d. An offering which cost us nothing.
e. Offering defective sacrifices to God.
To offer this defective sacrifice, even the free will offfering, is to lack honor and fear toward Him. When the priests allowed this kind of offerings, they showed despite toward His name. It was showing contempt toward the Lord who deserves the very best.
f. Anything but a cheerfully given gift.
3. The indication here is that v. 1 was just as serious a violation of the covenant as was 17:2, therefore, worthy of v. 5, stoning and death.



1. (1) Diligent inquiry. (2) 2 or 3 witnesses.
2. A hard controversy between two people.
a. Go to the teacher of God's word, the Levites, (II Chron. 35:3; Neh. 8:8-9) and to the Judges.
b. Godly. "According to the sentence of the law, the law of God.
c. God.
d. Presumption.
e. Put to death.
f. Warning to others to obey godly judgments.
3. Going before the heathen judges with their controversies with one another.
a. Going to a wise person among the congregation (wise in God's law). Of course this should be the pastor-teacher. The NT Levite or persons appointed by him.
b. Within the body of believers.
4. Go to the offender alone.
a. Take one or two others with him and again confront the law-breaker.
b. Take it to the church. Probably should go to the pastor-teacher first (Levite).
5. _________
a. Removed from the congregation of the Lord.
b. Others might fear and depart from sin, Prov. 8:13.
Notice that contrary to popular opinion today, God uses fear tactics to get people to depart from sin. This principle is found many times throughout scripture.
6. Have gained a brother.
7. The Judge. A Consuming Fire. The avenger.
8. From among them. Could not be a heathen man.
a. They ignored the requirements of God's law-word as they set up their kings (civil rulers).
9. (1) Not multiply horses. (2) Nor wives. (3) Nor gold.
a. Will turn his heart away. And it did with Solomon.
10. A copy of the law of God made for him and read by him all the days of his life.
a. That he would learn to fear the Lord. Reading and studying God's law results in godly fear
of Him.
b. Do the law and avoid pride. Prolonged days. Maybe this is why there is so much pride today, God's law is ignored.



1. Prohibited from learning of and doing the abominations (wicked things) of the heathen. TWOT (pg. 977) identifies vv. 9-11 as occult activities. This would include astrology, etc..
a. Learning the way of the heathen.
(1) Their customs are vain, and the nations in their pride are foolish without God.
(2) Brutish -- (BDB, pg. 1296= dull-hearted, ignorant of God, Jer. 10:14, 21; 51:17). We also see by v. 14 that it is idolatry.
b. Desolation for God's people who turn from His ways to the ways of the heathen.
c. Their leaders, pastors who should be teaching and applying God's law now teach the world's ways.
P.C. (Vol. 11, pg. 268) on Jer. 10:2 says, "Way" equivalent to "religion" (comp. Acts 9:2, etc.)." Yet they fail to point out that every thing man does, every law he obeys (or passes), every thought he thinks, every action, every word, absolutely every thing which proceeds from man is in terms of his "religion". If it is a God-fearing religion then every thing will be in terms of God's word. If it is humanism, then everything will be in terms of man. Centered in man and his needs. There is no area that is outside of man's "religious make-up".
2. Thou shalt not be afraid of them.
3. Maketh son or daughter pass through the fire, useth divination, observer of times, enchanter, witch, charmer, consultor, wizard, necromancer. Again, modern day astrology fits here as well as these "channels" which are attracting large followings. The reason these "false prophets" are gaining such popularity is because of the coldness and irrelevance of "Christianity". Only as the "fires of Christianity" die down does darkness take over. Also let us make mention here. Passing through the fire very seldom involved death. It referred to passing a child over a fire in dedication to Moloch. Moloch represented the state. It was a ceremony in which the parents dedicated the child to the state. This is still done on a very large scale today, only this dedication is much more sophisticated. See Institutes, God versus Moloch, pgs. 30-40.
a. Our call is to be perfect before our God.
b. Know all things in terms of Him and His revealed word.
4. For their wickedness.
a. The same thing as happen to the heathen.
5. They separate those who are approved by Him from those who are not.
a. God's people love to hear a gospel which carries with it very little responsibility on their part to a Holy God. The less responsibility, the more it appeals to the natural man.
6. A mediator. The Lord promises a much better go-between, and, of course, this is the better Mediator between God and man, Christ Jesus. We see this established in Ex. 20:22-26. As soon as the law was given, there was a mediation sacrifice given.



1. Manslaughter, or killing someone accidentally. In this case, an ax head slips off and kills a person.
a. The one who intentionally killed another.
b. Until the death of the high priest.
c. The nearest kinsman of the slain.
d. As God's people would obey God, He would enlarge their borders. As their borders were enlarged they would need more cities. Notice that their obedience to God is what determined how they should treat the one seeking their help, not emotion. This principle also is consistent in scripture. Never allow our emotions to override our obedience to God's every word. Emotions must be subject to God's word.
A good spiritual application of these cities is found in "Handfuls on Purpose" where they give the meanings of these names.
2. Moving the boundary marker. This could be done little by little and might go completely unnoticed for years. If I understand rightly, even today if a "moved boundary", say a fence, goes uncontested for so many years that new boundary is established by law.
a. In His wrath, God, Himself, would plead for the one wronged.
3. Two or more witnesses.
a. Make diligent inquisition.
b. Do unto him what he sought to do to the innocent.
c. They will fear to try to do the same thing. Notice how many times our God uses the fear motivation. Not only in the OT but also the NT we are to fear the God of The Consuming Fire, Heb. 11:29.
d. The minor inconveniences we might put up with here cannot even begin to compare with what is in store for those who will not compromise.



1. Could not multiply horses. The might and strength of the world.
a. Chariots, horses vs. the Lord.
b. Trust in Him. Keep in mind, by trust we are not referring to a good feeling about God. We are referring to departing from sin, obeying Him, doing it His way, according to His word, then leaving the results up to Him. See Ps. 37.
c. Pride, v. 29. Men would glory in what they did.
d. Woe-cursed. Notice the contrast in Jer. 17:5-8. V. 9 & 10 points out that our heart is so deceitful that many times we don't realize which we are depending on, the arm of the flesh or the arm of the Lord. We continually have to be on guard and stand against the arm of the flesh.
2. As they would see all of their worldly might, fear would be the temptation.
a. Fear, trembling. Notice, this caused them to hide rather than confront the enemy.
3. He was to encourage the people in the Lord.
a. Trembling, fear, terror.
b. I can do all the things through the power of the resurrected Christ. (Axe-God's Poverty) Remember the context of 4:13. It will not stand alone.
c. The power of God, Himself, on the side of His faithful people.
d. One to a thousand, five to ten thousand.
This is exceptionally important for pastors and teachers of God's word. Our job is to build up the people of God in the faith, Eph. 4 (11, 12). A "faith" which does not get past "soul- winning" is not bible faith. Biblical faith covers every walk of life, Heb. 10:38, etc.. The responsibility of the pastor-teacher is to strengthen the believer in order that the believer can "charge" the very gates of hell by obeying God's word. Obedience even in the face of death.
The priests were not to stand up and emphasize the strength of the enemy and how hopeless it was to fight him. Of course, it was hopeless. If it were not, then God's people would have depended upon their own might and power.
Are we (the teachers of God's word) building fear in the army of God as we emphasize the strength of conspiracies and conspirators? Are we building a peoples' fear of a shaking leaf, Lev. 26:36? There has always been evil men who desire to overthrow God, Ps. 2. Are we not, as the OT priests did, to build confidence in God's people? Confidence that if they will obey God's word even in the face of absolutely hopeless odds, that God will show Himself strong.
No doubt that God is going to (He is already) judge this present generation of the anti-christ crowd. Are we building an upcoming generation who can replace the generation which is going to be (and is being) judged? Are we building up a people with confidence in what God can do through His obedient people by His Sovereign Grace? People who are obedient in every area of life, not just in "witnessing".
4. Make tributaries of them.
a. Any cities within the boundaries of the land of Canaan.
b. Turned their hearts away from their God. Influenced them to serve Jehovah God in the heathens manner and to even serve their heathen gods. Led them into sin against the Lord resulting in His judgment against them.
5. Destruction of the fruit trees. They represent life. Warfare is not to destroy life, but to protect and preserve life. Warfare is to protect godliness and punish evil so that godliness can prevail. Rom. 13 is quite clear on this.
a. They represent life.



1. An unsolved murder.
a. Measuring to determine the closest city to the body.
b. Civil leaders are to take a heifer, behead it, wash their hands over it and offer this prayer to God---.
c. To remove the guilty of the blood of an innocent victim from the land.
d. The heifer. An innocent victim. There must be blood shed. There must be a life for a life.
In this we see that SOMEONE must be accountable. We live in a day when no one wants to be accountable to anyone, especially to God. Folks have a difficult time on their jobs because they don't like to be accountable.
2. From any city within the borders of Canaan. Now, of course, there were exceptions as we see from Rahab. Yet they were very few and far between.
a. Had to be unmarried virgins. No doubt the immorality involved in the Canaanite worship would be involved in this principle. If the girl was still a virgin, this would be a good indication that she was not yet dedicated to their heathen god.
3. Beautiful woman.
a. Shave her head (also cut her nails, II Sam. 19:24, 25).
b. Purification unto the Lord.
c. Change her clothes. She had been in captivity as she dwelt among the ungodly people of her former nation. Now she puts on the clothing of freedom under Jehovah God.
(1) Put off our former manner of life of slavery to the world, flesh and devil.
(2) The old clothes will remind us and cause us to long after the old manner of life.
(3) The old clothes will hinder an effective warfare.
(4) In order to please the One Who has chosen us.



1. He cannot allow his feelings toward the child's mother to influence his decision. This theme is consistent throughout scripture. Never is man allowed to make decisions based on emotion. Every decision is in relationship to God's word.
a. Daughters.
b. The dead man's brethren or the next of kin, v. 11.
c. John the beloved. At this time James was still an unbeliever. See the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, 1915 Edition, Vol. III, pg. 1707.
(1) He cursed them. (2) The three eldest. (3) Their sin.
2. Rebellion against authority.
a. Parents.
b. Brought to the elders, civil rulers of the community and stoned.
c. All of the men of the city.
3. That God's people would hear and fear. Again we have fear. Notice how many times fear is used to keep His people in line.



1. Cannot ignore the problem. It is to be returned to the neighbor.
a. Place it in safe keeping until the owner shows up to get it.
b. Returned to the rightful owner.
c. Surely help him.
d. Even the enemy. If it is not a spoil of war (godly war) it is theft not to return it to its owner.
2. The reporting of lawlessness to the proper authorities. Keep in mind though, God's word alone determines what is lawful and lawless. Just because a politician or bureaucrat makes something illegal does not mean it is. "Child abuse" is a good example. The laws are moving very rapidly to where Biblical discipline is child abuse. For a person to turn in another for obeying the Biblical admonition of discipline would make them the lawbreaker. Sin is the transgression of God's law, I Jn. 3:4, either in breaking it or failure to keep it. To fail to follow the Scriptural guidelines of discipline of children would make the person a lawbreaker. Who will we obey, God or man?
a. Same requirement.
b. To do what we can to deliver them. This is strong, but he points out that God is keeping score and we will reap what we sow.
3. That she cried out.
a. The hearer would help. This is built upon vv. 1-4.

We can go back to I Sam. 8. There is the basic principle that as God's people turn from God as their King (Lawgiver) the state will take over that area. As we fail to be to our neighbor what God requires of us, the state will be. But with their protection ALWAYS comes oppression. Maybe just a little at first but it will increase. When the state tries to be all things to all people, then, it also must have all power and power in the hands of the wicked will be oppressive.



1. Because it is God we are seeking to please. We must keep in mind, HE IS OUR STANDARD. Not those around us.
2. Women wearing men's or men wearing women's garments.
3. Mixing seeds in a vineyard. Maybe planting of a garden in a vineyard. Plowing with an ox and ass together. Garment of mingled cloth.
4. God condemns the mixing or mingling of the order which He has established. This is the principle in v. 5 and these passages.
5. That man glorify God as God (The Creator, v. 20) over everything. Therefore man is to recognize and abide by God's created order.
6. God is not in confusion, and this would include the confusion of His created order. The mule (cross between a horse and ass) would be included here.
7. Good.
8. From below. world, flesh, devil.
9. Judgment from the Father.
a. So His people can live holy.

This principle of separation is suffering from an all-out attack today from the world, flesh and the devil. Let us not suppose for a moment that the devil doesn't know what he is doing as he persuades God's people that it really doesn't matter how they dress. The dress must reflect the distinction which God made between male and female. If it doesn't, then God's people can fully expect His judgment.
Again, a society gone wild only reflects the condition of God's people. As God's people see no need to keep this distinction then neither will the world. Sodomity is only a NATURAL result of this, as are the scientific experiments which we see taking place today; ungodly attempts to mix plant and animal life forms. The same principle covers both the mixing of the sexes through the garments and the mixing of life-forms. BOTH ARE A DIRECT ATTACK UPON THE ORDERLY GOD OF CREATION.



1. He knows where we are and He is concerned about us. Also, this text shows us that sin cannot be covered. It will be revealed one day. Matt. 10:29-31 would be a direct reference to Deut. 22:6, 7.
a. His love for His own.
2. The mother could not be taken with the young.
a. Proper relationship and RESPECT between parent and child.
Deut. 22:8 -- Building codes. Here we see the principle again. As the individual seeks to evade his responsibility, the state picks it up. As self-government wanes, civil governments grows. The less an individual is willing to assume of his responsibility to God and to his fellow man, the more oppressive will the state grow, I Sam. 8. Responsibility= the ability to respond to any given situation as God says we should, regardless of circumstance.
3. Using an ox and an ass together.
a. Unequal yoking of believers and non-believers.
b. Being separate from the world. Jerry Falwell said in an interview with the Atlanta Constitution, published 5/9/88. ""It is the shaking off of the albatross. This isolationism inherited from other generations." He continued, "I have to convince them (he is talking of fundamentalist Protestants) that we are not going to change the world unless we become part of it."" These are the words of a wolf in sheep's clothing, a false prophet. He continues on to say the reason for this stand is for the 50,000 students he desires and the $500 million needed to support them. God help us. What in the world is the matter with Christianity which will support such teaching with their money.
"Father-son, daughter relationship". Could this be that as we obey Him in these many areas He will watch over us for good as a father would over his children?
c. His judgment against the unbeliever will also catch those involved with them.
4. Garments of mixed cloth.
5. V. 40 is clear. As a reminder to obey His every law-word. That obedience results in holiness.
a. Meekness from the hidden man. If the hidden man of the heart is not meek, the outside will soon reflect it.
b. The spirit which will be reflected outwardly.



1. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
a. Death to both parties.
b. All types of immorality.
c. Land was defiled.
d. Land would spue them out also.
e. I Cor. 3:17 tells us God will destroy such a one. I Cor. 5:5 says the devil will do it. The devil will do nothing apart from God. The devil is only a tool in God's hands, to perform God's will and purpose. Notice Lev. 18:29, the persons who followed after the defiling practices of the heathen were to be cut off from their people.
2. Immorality before their marriage.
a. He hated her. Evidently the "new" wore off, or she was not all he expected her to be, so he brings an accusation against her so he can be free of his responsibility.
b. Death to the wife.
c. Keil, 5th Book, pg. 411, says, "The elders, as the magistrates of the place, were then to send the man who had so calumniated his young wife, and to chastise him (as in chp. 21:18, used to denote bodily chastisement, though the limitation of the number of strokes to forty save one, may have been a later institution of the schools); and in addition to this they were to pay to the father of the young wife for his malicious calumniation of an Israelitish maiden, --Twice as much as the seducer of a virgin was to pay to her father for the reproach brought upon him by the humiliation of his daughter (v. 29); and lastly, they were to deprive the man of the right of divorce from his wife."
Pay a hundred shekels of silver to her father. This would put the money out of reach of the husband, yet would still be within reach of the wife for her security. This would be a good "nest-egg" in case of problems. These three things would place the husband at the mercy of his wife for the rest of her life.
d. Right to divorce her.



1. Third and fourth generation. We are seeing a decline in family size in our day because folks don't want the responsibility. The result is that these people make decisions based upon what is best for them. Almost all concern for the future generations has been removed. This problem is even rampant among Bible-believing Christians as they believe the rapture will come and remove them from the disasterous results of their decisions, decisions not based upon God's word, therefore, the results will be destruction, Matt. 7:24-29. We MUST return to making decisions based on God's Law-Word as well as on what the results will be to the third and fourth generation.
Sad to say, this attitude of our day has made "eunuchs" of a society. People whose allegiance is to human masters so they can be "well taken care of". Enuchs who are powerless to reproduce life in others.
2. The child outside of marriage.
a. Ten generations.
3. Ammonite, Moabite.
4. Failed to meet them with bread and water as Israel sought to follow God. This is interesting. This indicates that if we fail to encourage others in their obedience to God, we will be held accountable.
a. Also hired Balaam against them.
b. Turned it into a blessing. Again, this is worthy of note. Those things which the wicked mean for a curse against God's people can be turned into a blessing. We need to be looking for the blessings of God in those things which are meant to be a curse by wicked men.
c. They could never help them or seek their peace or welfare. Notice here that God's people are prohibited from seeking the welfare of those who seek to curse them or God. This does not include all unsaved as we see in vv. 7, 8. This principle would stand strong against any retirement system which takes the money from God's people and is then used to further the welfare of those who curse God and His people. Social Security, as well as retirement funds of all kinds.
5. Edomite, Egyptian.
a. Edom is their brother. Egyptian, they had been a stranger in his land. The indication here is that those who are not really at war against God, openly, fall within the responsibility of God's people to try to help them and seek their welfare.



1. So His people would be clean before their God.
a. In the midst of the church.
2. Servant.
a. Restitution for theft.
b. Poverty.
c. Willingness, out of love for his master.
d. The fruits of the spirit.
3. Prostitution of a daughter.
4. Sodomy.
a. The body of the believer is to be given to our Lord.
Notice Deut. 23:17, 18. Whore and sodomite are identified together here. Therefore, open sodomy is the natural result of rampant immorality. How can the adulterer point an accusing finger at the sodomite? Both are an attack upon the family. God hates them both. both are worthy of death.



1. He is poor and in need of help.
a. Employer and Employee.
b. Unwilling to work. Lazy, sluggard.
c. The millstone.
(1) It represented his life as he used it to make his living. The principle would be that the pledge cannot be what the man uses to make his living with.
d. Keeping the wage of the poor man overnight.
e. Could not go into the man's house to get the pledge.
f. Keeping his cloak overnight.
g. Theft.
2. Six years.
a. The blessings of the Lord.
3. Those outside of the covenant people, the stranger.



1. Promised something to the Lord.
2. Failure to accomplish what he said he would do.
a. The vow (promise) would stand and have to be accomplished.
b. She was released from accomplishing her promise.
3. He could also release her from them.
4. They had to be fulfilled.
5. On the day they hear it. This day could be 'on down the line,' maybe a month after the woman made the commitment, but on the day he hears it he must speak up if he doesn't want her to fulfill it.
a. He will be the one guilty for her not fulfilling the oath.



1. Death (Hardness in sin or going after other gods= death).
2. Failure to perform the proper duty within marriage.
3. Between the covenant people and those outside of the covenant.
a. Put away their heathen mates. "Shechaniah probably held that marriages made contrary to the law were not merely wrongful, but invalid (P.C., Vol. 7, pg. 152)."
b. Near relatives. This is incest.
4. Uncleanness in the woman.
In the above, the husband seems to have the upper hand, yet we saw in a previous lesson if he accuses her of uncleanness and it is proven false, he becomes her "slave".
5. Divorce her.
a. Everything must be viewed from God's standard of holiness.
6. Played the harlot with many lovers and refused to return to Him.
7. Gave her a bill of divorce.
8. Judah made an outward show of returning to her God, yet her heart was far from Him. Ezekiel gives an excellent illustration of this, especially chp. 8. Also, Jer. 44 covers this well as God's people followed after these heathen gods.
a By refusing to walk (obey) in the law of the Lord. Rather, they walked in the way of the heathen around them. This could be classified as refusing to be separate from the world in order to be a holy people for the Lord.
We cannot stress enough that ANY THOUGHT of divorce must be in terms of God's law of holiness, not in terms of our emotions. We are in a divorce crazy generation that is controlled by the individual's wants and feelings. Any divorce on these grounds would be sin and remarriage, adultery. Yet, because of society's attitude concerning divorce and remarriage (almost "musical beds"), we will have folks in our churches who divorced unscripturally and remarried. The only way they can gain a clear conscience on this would be to confess the sin as a sin, make it right with the other person involved in the sin, and accept where they are. They cannot divorce out of their present marriage in order to make the previous one right. Two wrongs do not make a right. My, how spiritual leaders of our day need the wisdom of Ja. 1:5 and God's word to be able to confront these very difficult situations as God would have us do, in a manner pleasing to Him and in conformity to His Holy Word.
For the complete treatment of this see Institutes, pg. 401-415.



1. His freedom.
a. Put to death.
b. Also put to death.
2. Withholding what is due to the hired hand.
a. Fraud and robbery.
Keep in mind this would be a day laborer. Matt. 20:1-16 shows us that the Bible time economy involved a daily hiring of the laborer. Therefore, 1) His wages were due each evening. 2) To hold them past the agreed upon time was fraud and theft.
3. Poor and needy -- Remember, Israel's economy was centered around farming and cattle, making them self-employed. When a man became an employee (laborer) it was usually because, (1) he did not want the responsibility to be self-employed or (2) he had suffered a bad set of circumstances. There would be a couple of good illustrations of this, one being Jacob (Israel) himself as he fled for his life and worked as a servant for 21 years.
a. Would be tempted to take advantage of the situation because the employee had no choice. The employer could say at the end of the day, "Come back tomorrow and I'll pay you". The poor man would have no choice but to do this. This law forbids this and calls it fraud and theft. This is common today as the one owing the money will put off paying the money to the one it is owed to as long as he can. It draws interest even overnight. Large sums add up quickly.
b. Crying against him to the Lord.
4. Fraud. This is "NT", confirming that Christ DID NOT do away with these OT laws and principles.
5. The Lord. A society which even tolerates this kind of action is in for a very rude awakening. Our God is a consuming fire and He will consume those who tolerate and do this theft. A thief is a thief. Many of the NT authors identify this sin with Paul telling us that those who continue in fraud and theft are to be removed from the church, I Cor. 5. It is not to be tolerated. Separation from the covenant people was required under the old covenant as well as the new.
6. The taking of anything from the poor because he is poor. This principle also would say, "ROB NOT THE RICH BECAUSE HE IS RICH".
7. The Lord will spoil those who spoiled them.
a. The Lord will avenge. See also Rom. 12:19; Heb. 10:30, etc.. IT WILL CATCH UP.
b. Work not theft or fraud.



1. The Judge of the universe who judges righteously.
a. The Lord will avenge.
b. Not paying a person what they are worth. Keep in mind the principle in the previous lesson. The poor man is forced to work as a "hired servant". His economic circumstances force him to hire himself out. The employer says, "Ah, here is a chance to obtain his skills for my use. He has no choice but to hire himself out to me. He can't find work anywhere else. I'll get him as cheap as I can". Maybe the going rate for his skill is $18.00 an hour, but the employer sees the chance to get his skills for $6.00 an hour because of the circumstances.
c. The Lord God.
I. The householder.
II. A penny.
III. Whatsoever is right.
IV. The householder and the laborers.
V. The last ones hired.
VI. A penny.
VII. A penny.
VIII. More than they had originally agreed upon.
2. The money belongs to the householder (owner) to do with as he sees fit. Wages to a laborer are not a favor to be granted but a debt to be paid.
3. Against the consumer, which would actually be against the striker.
4. V. 10 would be a key. "Supposed--". This could be pride or presumption.
5. The poor go and gather it themselves. Book of Ruth.
a) If he refuses to go gather it (work), he is to starve. We are in a strange day, indeed, as the "poor man" won't go gather the leavings himself so those who are concerned go gather it for him and take it to him. The word of God makes provision for the poor, gleaning. This provision also fits within the "work" requirement. If the "poor man" won't go out and gather it for himself, the word of God says to let him starve. This is a hard saying, but true. Sad to say, the civil government has succeeded in destroying the "work ethic" inherited from the Puritans. The social programs have accomplished their goals to where the "poor" will be fed whether he works or not. In fact, far to often he expects these social programs. Civil government is now his provider, not God.
By placing Deut. 24:19-24 where it is, in the labor relations section, this shows us that to provide for the poor apart from God's way of work is a perversion of justice. It is to commit fraud against the poor, and we have seen that God will avenge such action. This would include the needy who stop by the church looking for help. This requires that they be required to work for the help if they are physically able to at all. It is surprising how few people needed help once we started requiring that they work for that help.



1. The controversy between men which are brought before the civil magistrate is to get righteous judgment. Justify the righteous and condemn the wicked. This is the job of the civil magistrate, Rom. 13:3, 4. God's word defines righteousness and wickedness.(See our book "Christ-Caesar--" Rom.13:1-5)
2. Just punishment. The scriptures give very even handed punishment which fits the crime. Not too much, not too little.
3. The laborer is worthy of his hire (applied to pastors by Paul.) This would indicate that Deut. 25:1-4 fits under the established principle of 23:14. Fraud of the hired servant. 25:1-3 also fits there. Just reward. Either just reward for the covenant breaker or just reward for the covenant keeper. It is fraud and theft NOT to require just punishment or restitution by the law-breaker. Fraud, theft from the victim and from society. Actually, then a better chapter division would seem to be between 25:4 and 5. It is fraud and theft (according to Paul) for a congregation not to pay their pastor properly.
4. The widow was required to marry within her husband's family.
a. The Lord slew him.
b. Ruth.
5. No. He only applied it properly.
6. 1) As they destroyed those who were ordained by God for destruction.
2) As they put away from among themselves those who sought to lead them away from God's law.
3) As they dealt with the murderer.
4) As they required just restitution.
5) As the stubborn and rebellious child is dealt with according to the law-word of God.
7. Two different weights. These would look the same, but used to cheat, steal. Fraud would be what this would fall under, also. "Thou shalt not steal."
a. They could use them for their advantage and the person they were dealing with would be unawares.
8. Shortened days in God's prosperity. The opposite of "lengthened".
9. Speak up and take their stand. We are to be the salt which holds back corruption such as this.
a. Consent with the theft.
10. Because He is the Lord our God. He redeemed us that we might serve Him with a pure heart of obedience to His statutes and judgments, I Pet. 1:14-20. And, besides, no other law will work in the long run.
11. Israel was to remember what Amalek did to hinder the covenant people from obeying God and completely destroyed Amalek.

Note that Deut. 25:1 starts with a reference to the civil magistrate, corresponding to Rom. 13:3, and ends with a warning concerning the flesh, corresponding to Rom. 13:14. The space between Rom. 13:3 and v. 14 is a call to love, v. 10. Love is fulfilling our responsibilities one to another in accordance with God's revealed law-word. His word is indeed one word.



1. The best and the first fruits. Keil points out (Fourth Book, pg. 117), "([T]he law prescribed nothing in relation to the quantity of the different first fruits, but left this entirely up to the offender himself). Note the emphasis on "The Best". God doesn't want leftovers.
a. The sons of Aaron. Keil heads this, "Verses 8-20. The Revenues of the Priests." "Verses 21-24. Revenues of the Levites".
2. 1) Take of the first of all the fruit. 2) Put it in a basket. 3) Go to the place appointed by God. 4) Go unto the priest and say---- 5) They were to say v. 5. 6) Set the first-fruits before the Lord, v. 10. 7) Worship before Him. 8) Rejoice in every good thing.
What they gave to the Lord went to the sons of Aaron. They were NOT giving to men but to God.
a) This giving was a REMINDER of what God had done for them and His goodness to them. By their being no quantity requirements upon this offering, their love toward God would determine the quantity of this offering.
3. Evidently every time there was a new harvest; yearly. This love and care strictly because of His mercy and based not whit on any goodness on their part.
4. A reminder of His love and care for them. This was to be a yearly reminder of His goodness and mercy.
a. Forgotten what God has done for them.
5. The receiving of the Spirit. One day His people will receive totally His spirit.
a. The resurrection of Christ. Hastings (Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels, T. & T. Clark, 1923, Vol. I, 597) says on this "What is suggested here (I Cor. 15:20, 23) is plainly taught elsewhere (Col. 3:4, Rom. 8:29, I Jn. 3:2). Christ, according to these passages is the first-fruits, the first-born among many brethren, not only as the pledge that, as He rose, so His people shall rise from the dead, but also that as He is, in nature and character, so shall His people be. That is, perhaps, the most glorious promise of the resurrection first-fruits." As we think on these things they should indeed lead to #6, rejoicing (Deut. 26:11). See Phil. 4:8.
6. Rejoicing before God.
a. Rejoice in the Lord. Note the rejoicing in the Lord will determine how much was given in this offering of the first-fruits. The emphasis in v. 11 is on how much He has given His people. Not on how much His people are giving to Him. If we start considering, "Woe is me, God requires this and that. How in the world am I going to do or give that?", we can indeed end up in a fix. If we will keep our heart will all diligence upon His mercy, grace and goodness, then we will rejoice. The required giving will be a joy, whether of our time, talents or treasure.
7. To supply the needs of the Levite (the teacher of God's law-word), the stranger, the fatherless (there are many of those today), and the widow. Of course, all of this care had to be done within the guidelines of God's word.
8. I have obeyed God in all He wants me to do.
9. Bless the obedience of His people.
10. Exalt them before the heathen as a holy people separated unto the God of heaven.



1. Set up great stones, plaster over them and write upon them all of the law.
a. No doubt to keep them forever before them, easy for all to read. Also as a reminder that their continuing in this land was conditioned upon the obedience to these laws.
2. Could not cut or carve the stones in any way. They had to be unblemished as God made them.
a. Whole stones.
b. The unblemished body of Christ.
3. The Lord.
4. Beat down His foes -- plague them.
a. Comes back to failure to keep His commandments, Jn. 14. Jn. 15:14, "Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you." What if we don't do whatsoever He commands us? What are we then? There is no neutral ground. We are either His friends or we are not. Love is firmly based on obedience.
5. There is no question that this refers to the Lord Jesus Christ.
a. Made higher than the kings of the earth, for He alone is seated far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come. GLORY!
b. Ps. 89:27b was placed into effect when Christ, the first-born, ascended to the right hand of the Father.
6. See also Gal. 3:16. We have covered this several times. The seed would be all of those in Christ, the Redeemed. This is a strong point for eternal security. Ps. 89:29, "His seed also will I make to endure forever."
7. V. 30, "If his children." Clearly, the children of God.
a. Forsaking His laws, walking not in His judgments, breaking His statutes, and keeping not His commandments.
b. He will visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes.



1. 1) Simeon 2) Levi 3) Judah 4) Issachar 5) Joseph 6) Benjamin.
a. All were the sons of either Leah or Rachel.
Adam Clarke (Clarke's Commentary, Vol. 1, pg. 806) points out, "On all hands it is allowed that Gerizim abounds with springs, gardens, and orchards, and that it is covered with a beautiful verdure, while Ebal is as naked and as barren as a rock. On this very account the former was highly proper for the ceremony of blessing, and the latter for the ceremony of cursing."
2. Mount Ebal, the mount of cursing. Again, a clear, open reminder that to ignore the law was to bring the curse of the law upon themselves.
a. Mt. Ebal.
b. The sacrifice of Christ for sin.
c. This frees His people from the curse of the law. The eternal curse AND the curse resulting from disobedience here in this life. We have pointed out many times that we can have one curse without the other. He wants us to be free from both curses. Christ became a curse for us (Deut. 21:23).
3. Curse -- blessing.
4. That they would fear Him. At least 17 times in Deut. alone we meet this desire of God that His people fear Him. We have already seen in Ecc. 12:13 that the whole duty of man is to fear God and keep His commandments.
a. No fear of God. This is as much a requirement in the NT as in the OT. Eph. 5:21 is a good example. No doubt this is a reason sin is so rampant in God's people. They have not been taught to fear God. Therefore, they fear man when it comes time to stand fast in the faith. See Rev. 11:18, etc.. When God's people don't fear God, the law shows the inability of man to please God and the necessity of a Mediator. That mediator being the altar and offering in the OT and Christ in the NT. Is it any wonder that the world does not fear God?
5. Build an altar of uncut stones.
6. The Levites. Might we say something concerning the Levites. This tribe was appointed by God. No man could choose to be a Levite. They had to be placed there by an act of the Sovereign God.
The same holds true today. NO MAN has the right to choose to be a pastor-teacher. It must be a choosing by God (or any other "office" for that matter, Eph. 4:11). It is not an "occupation" that a person chooses to go into. Going to school does not qualify him. Only the call of God qualifies the person for His particular service.



1. Twelve. One for each tribe.
2. Secret. These are secret sins which bring the curse. Notice that the law of God exposes the secret things of the heart, Heb. 4:12. This is what makes it so offensive to the covenant-breaker.
3. The chambers of his imagery.
a. The second.
4. Disrespect, dishonor of parents. This would include the disrespect behind closed doors. a. Leads to a shortened life.
5. Causing the blind to wander from the way.
a. A stumbling block.
b. Fear God. 1. If we fear God we will depart from the evil which would cause others to stumble.
c. Sin which may be of no significance in the eyes of the child of God, yet is a stumbling block for the younger Christian.
d. Things which edify, or build others up. Strengthens them in the faith. Notice Paul gets very strong on this, I Cor. 8:13, calling it a sin. There is no doubt that the "insignificant" thing in our eyes which causes the weaker (and even the unsaved, I Cor. 15:34) to stumble will move God's hand against His people. Where is the dividing line as to what is the stumbling block and what is just "displeasing" to men? A hard question, indeed, yet the word of God will give the principle. It would be anything which is associated with sin.
6. Because of the unrighteousness which Christians enjoy and hang on to.
7. Anyone who does not do all of the law of God.
8. Amen, we agree, or so be it.
9. Removed from the congregation. Delivered to the devil.
10. God.
a. Failure to keep all of His commandments. The law-word of God.
b. Keeping all of His commandments. The law-word of God.
11. Godliness with contentment.
12. Deut. 27:26. Yet, keeping all of the law will not justify and remove the eternal curse of the law. Only Christ, who became a curse for us, can do this.



1. The nation whose God is the Lord. Not just, "In God We Trust" as a motto, but whose laws reflect the standard established by God's word.
a. The one who turns its back upon God.
2. 6.
a. 7. Note then that Moses the lawgiver was one short (6) of the number of perfection (7). The Law Maker completed the law.
3. The Lord will command the blessings upon thee.
4. Others will see that they are the people of God.
a. Others will see we are the people of God by our good works and glorify Him.
5. A curse that others can see. Destruction because they forsook His word.
a. Promise of destruction for not doing His word.
6. God's people will serve the strangers (heathens).
a. Trodden under the foot of men.
7. Be perfect even as the Lord is perfect. Meet His standards.
a. Further His Kingdom. This is done by "observing to do all His commandments".
8. Destruction before their enemies and no one to help them.
a. Yoke of iron upon them. Servitude.
b. The bringing of a nation (symbolized by an eagle) against them.
c. Siege against the walls in which they trusted.
d. Sold by their enemies with no one to buy them.
Keil, 5th Book, pg. 446, gives a good explanation of this.



1. Six
a. Six
b. Curse
c. Seven
d. A curse as He describes the fall of the foolish man's house as the foolish man failed to do "these sayings of mine, v. 26".
e. "Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect" --His law reveals His perfection and man's in perfection. His grace enables us to fulfill commands like this from our Lord.
2. Ps. 47:4, "He shall choose---": The covenant breaker is not presented with a multiple choice as the Lord did David, I Chron. 21:10. The choice is the Lord's. Deut. 28:7, the Lord shall cause--; v. 8, the Lord shall command--; V.9, the Lord shall establish--; v. 11, the Lord shall make--; v. 12, the Lord shall open--; v. 13, the Lord shall make--. The Lord shall determine what comes upon mankind.
3. Blessed: in the city; in the field; children; crops; cattle; food storage; victory over their enemies; in the weather.
a) Rise up and (or in order to) be smitten before them. Flee from them.
b) Fear.
This is emphasized so many times. It is not the physical strength of God's people which causes their enemies to fear them. It is the Lord working in their heart. This is illustrated numerous times in the OT.
5. Proper weather to cause prosperity and blessing. The result will be a lending nation and not a debtor nation. High national debt (whether to the citizens or to foreign nations) is a sign of God's curse against a nation for turning from Him.
a. We are seeing the negative side come to pass against our nation who, at one time, had the blessings of God.
6. Exaltation over the heathen nations for obedience to Him.



Before we go to far, let's take a look at Keil's statement concerning Deut. 8:3. This will give us some insight into Matt. 4:4. Fifth Book, pgs. 330, 331. "Ver. 3. The humiliation in the desert consisted not merely in the fact that God let the people hunger, i.e. be in want of bread and their ordinary food, but also in the fact that He fed them with manna, which was unknown to them and their fathers (cf. Ex. xvi. 16 sqq.). Feeding with manna is called a humiliation, inasmuch as God intended to show to the people through this food, which had previously been altogether unknown to them, that man does not live by bread alone, that the power to sustain life does not rest upon bread only (Isa. xxxviii. 16; Gen. xxvii. 40), or belong simply to it, but to all that goeth forth out of the mouth of Jehovah. That which "proceedeth out of the mouth of Jehovah" is not the word of the law, as the Rabbins suppose, but, as the word (all, every) shows, "the word" generally, the revealed will of God to preserve the life of man in whatever way (Schultz): hence all means designed and appointed by the Lord for the sustenance of life. In this sense Christ quotes these words in reply to the tempter (Matt. iv. 4), not to say to him, The Messiah lives not by (material) bread only, but by the fulfilment of the will of God (Usteri, Ullmann), or by trusting in the sustaining word of God (Olshausen); but that He left it to God to care for the sustenance of His life, as God could sustain His life in extraordinary ways, even without the common supplies of food, by the power of His almighty word and will.--"
1. He will command the blessings upon His obedient people.
a. He will send the curse upon His disobedient people.
2. They will be brass.
a. It will be iron.
3. Because of the idols in their heart, He will not hear their prayers.
See Ps. 24:3, 4.
4. To destroy His people who have turned from Him.
5. Cause His people to "fall" before their enemies.
a. In the Lord. Building a society upon the principles of His word, Matt. 7:24-29.
6. Failure to serve the Lord with joyfulness and gladness of heart for the abundance they have received.
a. Rejoice in the Lord. There is a major problem addressed in Rev. 3:14-17. God's people grew rich and waxed cold. We see today that abundance is expected. Rather than "abundance" creating joy before the Lord, it is expected as what is our due. Many times great sadness, sorrow, even anger against God comes when that "abundance" is threatened. No doubt God's people need to confess the sin of taking for granted the goodness which God has provided.
b. The heathen who have no desire toward God.
7. That they would fear God. Here it is again. It is quite amazing how many times "fear God" is used to encourage obedience.
8. Not obey.
9. He will rejoice over them to destroy them.







1. Eaten bread or drunk wine or strong drink.
During this time they had supernatural provision. These things listed here in vv. 5, 6 and particularly the bread, wine or strong drink would have been natural provision. The natural provision was withheld and the supernatural provided that they might know that He was the Lord their God. Many times God will do this for His people today. He will withhold the natural provisions, so that He can supply supernaturally, so that we might know that He is the Lord our God. See answers for 28-3.
2. God had not opened their eyes yet.
3. There is none with this ability to seek after God.
4. "I have chosen you".
5. God.
a. That salvation could come to the Gentiles.



1. Every living soul. From the servant up. V. 15 says, "and also with him that is not here with us this day". This would be all inclusive. Everyone who ever has or will ever live would be included in this statement.
2. We have seen this previously. Moses has warned of this several times already. The danger of seeing the heathens' methods of serving their false gods and God's people doing the same thing as they try to serve the Lord God.
a. "Root that beareth gall (poisonful herb) and wormwood. See Hosea 10:1-4. God's people either serve the false gods or serve the Lord God falsely by turning their back upon the covenant. They refused to let the Lord be King over them, v. 3. The result is hemlock springing up. Sad to say, much time is spent by even God's people as they try to pull up the "hemlock" yet they won't spend time correcting the problem which causes the hemlock. That problem being their refusal to allow the Lord to be King over every area of their lives. Their heart is divided as they try to allow Him to be their Saviour, yet refuse to allow Him to be their Lord (King).
3. The gods of the heathens.
4. They walk in the imagination of their heart, thinking they can have prosperity, success and be pleasing to God even though they have turned their back upon the covenant. This fits in with Ja. 1:22. A person hears God's law-word. He refuses either to admit it is for him or refuses to do it. Then he is deceived. This deception is especially bad if he is having "prosperity" at this time. He is convinced that it is not necessary to live within the covenant to prosper. Our (the worlds) definition of prosperity is far different than God's.
5. For His glory.
a. If ye love me, obey me.
b. Praise of men.
6. Sin.
7. If His people ignore His law He will ignore (forget) their children.
8. "In spirit and in truth". It must be according to the truth as revealed in His word of truth.
9. The sinner (by sinner we mean ANYONE who ignores God's requirements) may prosper for awhile, but God will catch up. See also Ps. 37, 73 and Heb. 10. If we read Ecc. 8:10-13 the way we believe it would probably go like this. "Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily. therefore, the people of God feel that the evil doer will not have to face the sentence against his evil deeds here in this lifetime."
10. the Lord will find him.



Jeroboam's sin is said to be the chief cause of Israel's captivity. See Edersheim's "OT Bible History" Eerdmans Publishings Co., Grand Rapids, MI, ch. xx pg. 126, ch. xi, pg. 136-138.
1. Shalt return -- shalt obey.
a. Then the Lord will turn their captivity, have compassion and will gather them.
b. Any who will return to Him, no matter where they are. This would show us that it is never too late to return to Him. No matter how bad things may look, if His people will honor Him as their King, He will undertake for them.
2. His hand is still stretched out for them to return, although in vv. 26-30 we see that if they don't return He will call the heathen nations from afar in judgment against them. Are we seeing God call the heathens against His disobedient people today? Yet we can rejoice that one day He will judge the heathen. Humanism Must Fall.
a. Repent and return to Him as their King. By respecting (obeying) His covenant law.
b. Fall into mischief. As well as deceived.
3. The LORD will circumcise thine heart. He will cause them to love Him that they may live and that He may put all of the curses on their enemies which hate and persecute His people. And they will return and obey Him, etc., vv. 6-9. My, how we need the Lord to do this today in the hearts of His people, and in the heart of the heathen.
a. Calling to mind His law and returning to it.
b. God put it into his heart.
c. God.
d. The Lord of heaven.
e. God to place the desire to please Him within that person's heart. Whether for salvation or for service.
4. The Lord God.
5. "And the heart of thy seed". Again, SEED= those in Christ, NOT seeds, those who are the physical seed of Abraham. The book of Gal. speaks clearly on this.
As Edersheim says, (Old Testament Bible History, Vol. VII, pg. 117), "On another point, however, we have important information. We know that with these exiles went their priests (2 Kings XVII, 27), although not of Levitical decent (2 Chron. XI, 14). Thus the strange mixture of the service of the Lord and foreign rites must have continued. In the course of time the heathen elements would naturally multiply and assume greater prominence, unless, indeed, the people learned repentance by national trials, or from higher teaching. Of this there is not any evidence in the case of Israel; and if the footsteps of these wanderers shall ever be clearly tracked, we expect to find them with a religion composed of various rites, but prevailingly heathen, yet with memories of their historical past in tradition, observances, and customs, as well as in name, and bearing the marks of it even in their outward appearance."



1. Thou mayest live -- He will put all these curses upon our enemies-- (He will circumcise our heart to love Him with all our heart).
2. Turning to the Lord our God with all of our heart. If you love Me, keep My commandments.
3. He will rejoice over them for good.
4. Because they did not want to know what God says. They wanted to go their own way and do their own thing.
a. Know what to do but won't do it.
b. Lack of faith, for only by faith can we understand His word.
c. They know God, but refuse to glorify Him as God.
d. Devices of satan. He blocks their understanding. Really going farther, he presents himself as an angel of light and people will follow him because he seems so right, II Cor. 11:13-15.
e. Covetousness.
f. Pride, or a non-teachable spirit. We know many like this. "We have arrived. When we die, wisdom will die with us, Job 12:2."
g. Divided heart; trying to serve both God and the world. We are very bad about this one, and the enemy works hard at convincing us that we can do this and still have God's blessings.
5. Between blessing and cursing, life and death.
a. Serve the Lord God which delivered them from Egypt or the heathen's gods.
Either live according to the law-word of God or according to the standards and laws established by the world's crowd.
6. Their heart. How is the heart turned away? By thinking we can act contrary to the principles of God's word and still "prosper". By believing our family can be directed contrary to God's word and it still "prosper". As a person tries it their own way and they don't see the immediate hand of God against them then it won't be long before they forget all about Him.
a. Drawn away and worship other gods and serve them.
b. The heart.
7. Their life and length of days. Really He is EVERYTHING, their "all in all".
"V. 20, for that (namely, to love the Lord) is thy life, that is, the condition of life, and of long life, in the promised land (vid. chap. iv. 40)." (Keil)



1. a) Instruct or give the charge to Joshua.
b) Write the law in a book and place it beside the ark.
c) Write a song and teach it to the people.
2. 120
a. No longer lead the people. Notice how many times "The Lord will" is used. It is all going to be the Lord, yet the people will still have to fight. It will still be hard work, war, and sacrifice. Yet as they obey, the Lord will bring it to pass.
3. Joshua
a. In the Lord.
4. Be strong and of good courage.
a. "The Lord spake to Joshua".
b. Strength and courage in order to do ALL THE LAW. As we are strong and courageous to do ALL THE LAW, He will not fail us.
1) The persecution will come. There will be pressure to compromised and false teachers to encourage that compromise.
Let us look at Keil again as we consider the promised rest, our Canaan. Fifth Book, pgs. 452, 453. "Vers. 4, 5. Even though the rejected people should be at the end of heaven, the Lord would fetch them thence, and bring them back into the land of their fathers, and do good to the nation, and multiply them above their fathers. These last words show that the promise neither points directly to the gathering of Israel from dispersion on its ultimate conversion to Christ, nor furnishes any proof that the Jews will then be brought back to Palestine. It is true that even these words have some reference to the final redemption of Israel. This is evident from the curse of dispersion, which cannot be restricted to the Assyrian and Babylonian captivities, but includes the Roman dispersion also, in which the nation continues still; and it is still more apparent from the renewal of this promise in Jer. xxxii. 37 and other prophetic passages. But this application is to be found in the spirit, and not in the letter. For if there is to be an increase in the number of the Jews, when gathered out of their dispersion into all the world, above the number of their fathers, and therefore above the number of the Israelites in the time of Solomon and the first monarchs of the two kingdoms, Palestine will never furnish room enough for a nation multiplied like this. The multiplication promised here, so far as it falls within the Messianic age, will consist in the realization of the promise given to Abraham, that his seed should grow into nations (Gen. xvii. 6 and 16) i.e. in the innumerable multiplication, not of the "Israel according to the flesh," but of the "Israel according to the spirit," whose land is not restricted to the boundaries of the earthly Canaan or Palestine (see vol. i. p. 226). The possession of the earthly Canaan for all time is nowhere promised to the Israelitish nation in the law (see at chap. xi. 21)."
5. Read the law to all Israel every seven years at the feast of tabernacles.
a. That they may hear, learn, fear, and do. Also, that the children would hear and learn to fear the Lord God. But if the parents will not learn and fear God, neither will the children more often than not. Fearing God is doing His word. A parent who does not His principles DOES NOT FEAR GOD.
6. Only 2 who were over 20 when they came out of Egypt. Joshua and Caleb. We think we have a poor average. Moses only had two out of 600,000 who believed God enough to enter into the promised land.
7. a. Go a whoring after the gods of the strangers.
b. Forsake the Lord.
c. Break the covenant which the Lord made with them.
a. 1) My anger shall be kindled against them. 2) I will forsake them. 3) I will hide My face from them.
Notice how much the Lord emphasizes that His people cannot serve Him and the world.
8. Write a song and teach it to Israel.
9. God prospers. Pride sets in and they turn from God. It seems to be an endless circle; almost like a dog chasing his tail.



1. Humility -- Notice Lk. 14:7-11. Seeking the highest room is as natural as breathing, "Ye shall be as gods." Seeking the lower is as contrary to nature as sticking our hand in a fire. The "fight" among Christians should be over the "lowest seat". The place or office of the servant. This is not a reference to sitting in the back of the Church, either. When we take the lower seat, this allows the Lord to exalt us.
2. As nothing, loss.
a. As he laid aside (by the grace of God) all his human ability and worldly attainment, the power of the resurrection could work mightily through him as he pressed toward the mark for the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.
b. The power of God, and men standing in that power. As we consider the prevalent use of worldly means, human skill and attainments, it is little wonder men don't stand. For a more thorough examination of this principle, see The AXE, "God's Poverty".
3. 4 - (V. 4, 15, 16, 30) + 1 in v. 37.
a. "The stone of Israel".
b. His work is perfect, all His ways are just, a God of truth, without iniquity, and He is right.
c. He changes not.
4. Hearing and doing God's word.
a. The Rock followed the people in the wilderness and that Rock was Christ.
5. A nation that will consider the end result of their decisions according to God's word.
6. Sand. It moves when the pressure is on. A rock will not change.
7. Steadfastly and unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord. Holding forth the word of life NO MATTER WHAT, I Cor. 15:58.
Keil (Fifth Book, pg. 468) says on v. 5: "His people Israel, on the contrary, had acted corruptly towards Him. The subject of "acted corruptly" is the rebellious generation of the people; but before this subject there is introduced parenthetically, and in apposition, "Not his children, but their spot". Spot --is used here in a moral sense, as Prov. 9:7; Job 11:15; 31:7, equivalent to stain upon them. The rebellious and ungodly were not children of the Lord, but a stain upon them. If these words had stood after the actual subject, instead of before them, they would have presented no difficulty. This verse is the original of the expression, "Children that are corrupters", Isa. 1:4."
Of course this applies to the unsaved being crooked and perverse, but we expect them to stand against us. This is not really where the pressure to compromise comes from. The real pressure comes from the "brethren" whom we respect or who are "something" in men's eyes.



1. She stirreth up her nest.
a. To force her young out of their nest and to try to fly.
b. She beareth them up.
The illustration here is far too good to overlook. The reference, of course, is to God stirring up Israel's nest in Egypt. Israel had to leave and learn independence from Egypt. As Israel separated from Egypt, just before she "crashed upon the rocks" (between Egypt and the Red Sea), God intervened in His mighty pillar of fire and protected His people from destruction. Then He took His people into the wilderness to teach them dependence upon Him.
The application for our day cannot be missed. God will use many means to stir up the nest of ease which His people have settled into. As they fall toward the rocks, He will bear them up on eagles wings to prevent their total destruction. This will happen over and over as He teaches independence from the world and dependence on Himself. He desires that we should soar on high. Isa. 40:31 gives us a good picture of this. Nothing comes into our lives which will not make us stronger if we will respond properly to the situation, Rom. 8:28, 29. He stirreth up the nest, then He provides what is needed as He separates us from Egypt and teaches us dependence upon Him.
2. The most High.
a. His people, Jacob. This would be the seed of Abraham as referred to in Gal. 3 (Ps. 78:71, 72, 105:6; 135:4; Isa. 41:8; 65:9 -- Christ is that Seed and all who are in Him are included in the seed of Jacob).
b. This terrible list of things could be summed up with vv. 35, 36. Vengeance and judgment from the Lord Himself against His inheritance. It sure seems like Moses is a "stuck record". He repeats this warning many, many times here in Deut. It seems to be at least once in every chapter, and many chapters contain more than one warning.
3. The nation of His people. Jeshurum is Jerusalem.
a. According to the outcome many years down the road.
4. Their Rock sold them, the Lord shut them up. V. 31 shows that even the heathen knew this.
5. His people depended upon the wrong rock, gods. God says, "Okay, the results of your sin are here. Now, cry out to your false gods for deliverance. See, I am the only One who can deliver."
6. His people.
a. The rod of His anger against His people, v. 6. Who will be the rod of His anger against His people today?
7. He will render vengeance upon His enemies. We are either His friends or His enemies. Jn. chp. 15, is very clear on this. See, especially, v. 14 where He gives the dividing line between being His friend and being His enemy. THERE IS NO MIDDLE GROUND as we sometimes think there is, Matt. 12:30.



1. Give us a king.
a. V. 5. So they could be like the heathen around them.
V. 8. Because they rejected God's rule over them.
2. As he has said so many times, keeping His law. He is King over His people as only as they obey Him. Do we sit at His feet, receive His law, then do it? This makes Him our King also.
Keil (5th Book, pg. 493) says, "The blessing opens with an allusion to the solemn conclusion of the covenant and giving of the law at Sinai, by which the Lord became king of Israel, to indicate at the onset the source from which all blessing must flow to Israel (VV. 2-5)."
3. The eternal God is their refuge, their strength and their victory.
4. In the Lord, as they serve and obey Him. See Prov. 21:31.
5. In obedience to Him.
His law is exalted and provides for all of man's needs. He provided it out of His love for His people, Deut. 33:3. Nor has man's sinful nature changed.



1. a) Judgment is according to our works as compared to the truth, not according to the person. Even the greatest of men, Moses, could not avoid the result of his sin.
b) Obedience to God has its reward as does disobedience. God Himself buried this man who was faithful over his house, over his responsibilities, Heb. 3:2. No doubt, this exalted Moses even more in the people's eyes as God Himself descended to meet Moses. Faithfulness to the tasks God gives us will result in His lifting us up, Ja. 4:6-10; I Pet. 5:5, 6.
2. Thirty days.
3. Joshua. He is at least 80 at this point.
a. They are obeying Joshua because the Lord told them to through Moses.
4. John the Baptist. He was the last of the OT prophets.