Lesson 5-1

NOTE: Time requires I leave in the minor errors, e.g., abbreviations in text, wrong abbreviations, mixed tenses in a sentence (though I have tried to catch all of them), caps, etc. As time progresses, we will correct the lessons. Check comments at end of the lesson.

When placing in your answers for each question in the space provided, put ANS: before each answer. Capitalize, ANS:


1. Now Moses comes down to the law. It has been introduction up to here. Notice his instructions in v. 1. What are the three reasons to hear the Word of God? (1) __________________
(2) _______________________________ (3) __________________________________

Therefore, to study the Word of God or to hear it preached for any other reason is not of God. Teaching and preaching of God's Word is to lay out man's responsibility to God and how to please Him. The first point in Spurgeon's Catechism is What is the chief end of man? Answer, Man's chief end is to glorify God and enjoy him forever, I Cor. 10:31; Ps. 73:25-26. EVERYTHING IS BUILT AROUND THIS.

2. VV. 2-3, the covenant with His people is by faith. Here we see those who refused to obey by faith were cut off from God. The people of the inheritance (4:20) are those who are the circumcised, Romans 2:28-29, compare with Jer. 4:4; 6:10. An interesting passage is Acts 13:26. Who was the word of salvation sent to ? _______________________________________________________

a. The true circumcision or the true people of God (Israel) would be who, Jer. 4:4; 6:10; Col. 2:11-13; Phil. 3:3 (also compare Ex. 19:5-6 and I Pet. 2:5-9; Deut. 30:6; Deut. 10:16)? ___________________________________________________________________________________

The covenant was/is made with those who are the true people of God. All of the rest will be cut off, I Jn. 2:19; they will be shaken out, Heb. 12:27-29. I believe we are living in this time of shaking out, the removal of those who are not serious with God.

VV. 4-5. We can find this record in Ex. chp. 19 and 20:18-21. I think the thing we should notice with this as we read Ex. is that the people saw no problem meeting the standards of Jehovah God. Maybe they viewed Him as the Old Man upstairs or something similar. Up to here the Lord had only appeared as Someone to help them. He had delivered them from Egypt with a mighty hand. He had provided for them as they traveled. They had not really felt His chastening hand yet. In other words, when the people said what they did in Ex. 19:5-8 they did not know really who God was. They had not yet seen His Holiness. They had not yet seen the consuming fire nor heard the law and His requirements upon them. He does reveal His Holiness unto them. He goes on to reveal His requirements of how to be holy as He is Holy. Now they see a little of who their God really is. Now they get an idea of His requirements upon them and they say to Moses, You speak to us, lest we die, 20:18-21. We will see more of this in chapter 7.

Of course in this we see the need of a mediator between a Holy God who is a consuming fire against sin and a sinful people, I Tim. 2:5.

Man is so much like this today. We love to have a god who is our servant to obey our every command and desire one who will provide prosperity and good health, but when it comes to a God who is a consuming fire and who speaks His law from the mount of fire, this is quite a different story. People want to know what God will do for them, not what they are required to do for Him. Our God requires holiness even as He is holy. Personally, I would rather have the other message, but I also know that within this requirement of holiness is life and life more abundantly. Within this requirement of holiness is peace and provision which only our God can supply and the world knows nothing about.

Yes, we also need a Mediator just as these people did, but this mediator (Moses) did not change the requirements of God for His people. Even with this mediator they were still required to be holy. Even with our Mediator we still have the same requirements and blessings of God within these requirements, I Pet. 2:14-25.

VV. 6-21. Here we have the regiving of the Ten Commandments. Remember these people had the original tables of stone among them, yet Moses recounts what is on them and how he got them. (People think the preacher repeats a lot, look at Moses here. He says the same basic thing over and over. I wonder if these people ever got tired of hearing the same ole thing over and over?)

3. The ten commandments are divided into two sections, vv. 6-15 and vv. 16-21. Each section deals with a different aspect of man's relationship. The first table is man's relationship to who?
____________________________________ Second: _______________________________________

a. Our Lord summed them up when He was asked to exalt one commandment above the other. Our Lord did not give His personal opinion but quoted Moses. How did He sum up these sections, Matt. 22:36-40; Deut. 6:4-5; Lev. 19:18? ____________________________________________________

Once again we see that rather than doing away with the law of Moses, He only reinforced it. When He spoke of love being the fulfilling of the law, He meant that love will fulfill, that love will DO. Love will fulfill our responsibility toward those we say we love as outlined here in the law. Therefore, love is not identified with an emotion but with action toward those we are to love, Rom. 8:4; 13:8-10; Gal. 5:14.

This goes with our Lord's statement of Matt. 5:17. Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. First, He fulfilled all of the mediation, ritual, and sacrificial laws which pointed to Him and did away with them, nailing them to His cross, Col. 2:14. Secondly, He now gives the grace, the power of God through the Holy Spirit that we might love God and our neighbor and show that love by fulfilling the law toward them, Ph. 2:13. Of course, He also fulfilled by perfect obedience, showing us the way.

Grace gives the power to fulfill Rom. 13:14, rather than fulfilling the lusts of the flesh. We now have the power to fulfill the desires of God as revealed in His law. Gal. 5:16; Eph. 2:1-12 points out that at one time we fulfilled the lust of the flesh, but through His grace we are now His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works which we are to walk in. In other words, our purpose now is that we might fulfill, keep, or do the good works as outlined in God's law, I Pet. 1:18-20.

Deut. 5:6 God reminds them of His authority to tell them how to act and what to do. He redeemed them from bondage in Egypt; therefore, He has the right, even by human standard, to expect them to have no other gods before Him. He has the right to make these requirements upon His people who He redeemed. Actually, He has a double right to tell man how to act. First, as the Creator. Secondly, as the Redeemer.

4. VV. 23-33. Compare this with Heb. 12:18-29; Gal. 4:25-26. What is this Mount of Ex. 19 and 20 contrasted with/to here in these NT passages? Two covenant peoples.

a. What happened to those who refused the voice which spoke from the mount, Heb. 12:24-26?

b. What is the warning here for us, Heb. 12:25; 10:27-29?

Conclusion: The Lord Himself descended upon the mount in the terrible fire, smoke, darkness, tempest and thundering. They heard Him speak and, with good reason, trembled, because even Moses quaked. It was so terrible that if a beast touched the mountain he was to be killed. The people asked Moses to mediate because of this which they saw and felt. The Lord still knew they would very soon depart from His ways.

Paul compares this to today. The same Lord who spoke to His people from the mount now speaks to them from Mt. Zion and we had better listen, Heb. 12:25.

C. H. Spurgeon, writing on Ps. 132:14 (Treasury of David, Vol. III. pg. 150) says, -Oh, glorious words! It is God himself who here speaks. Think of rest for God! A Sabbath for the Eternal and a place of abiding for the Infinite. He calls Zion my rest. Here his love remains and displays itself with delight. He shall rest in his love." And this for ever. He will not seek another place of repose, nor grow weary of his saints. In Christ the heart of Deity is filled with content, and for his sake he is satisfied with his people, and will be so world without end. These august words declare a distinctive choicethis and no other; a certain choicethis which is well known to me; a present choicethis which is here at this moment. God has made his election of old, he has not changed it, and he never will repent of it: his church was his rest and is his rest still. As he will not turn from his oath, so he will never turn from his choice. Oh, that we may enter into his rest, may be part and parcel of his church, and yield by our loving faith a delight to the mind of him who taketh pleasure in them that fear him, in them that hope in his mercy.- Again are we filled with wonder that he who fills all things should dwell in Zionshould dwell in his church. God does not unwillingly visit his chosen; he desires to dwell with them; he desires them. He is already in Zion, for he says here, as one upon the spot. Not only will he occasionally come to his church but he will dwell in it, as his fixed abode. He cared not for the magnificence of Solomon's temple, but he determined that at the mercy-seat he would be found by suppliants, and that thence he would shine forth in brightness of grace among the favoured nation. All this, however, was but a type of the spiritual house, of which Jesus is foundation and cornerstone, upon which all the living stones are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit. Oh, the sweetness of the thought that God desires to dwell in his people and rest among them!- This also is the end of our fears for the church of God; for if the Lord dwell in her, she shall not be moved; if the Lord desire her, the devil cannot destroy her."

Man seems to think that because the Lord's voice isn't accompanied by the same shaking and thunderings as it was at the mount that He no longer puts the same importance upon His law, Heb. 12:24. The only difference between today and back then is the Mediator. Nothing else has changed. If they didn't escape for refusing to hear the Lord speak from the mount, neither will any man today. In fact, we have a more sure word of prophecy than those who literally heard Him speak, II Pet. 1:19: Heb. 10:26-31.

5.His word shook the earth back then, we can be assured it will again. The difference is the manner of shaking. Today we see this shaking in the society all around us as both His people and the heathens ignore His Word. His people violate His economic principles with debt and look at what is happening. They violate His health requirements and look at the results. There is a tremendous shaking going on today. Society is in an upheaval. Families are falling apart. Education is failing to educate. More money is not the cure. Only a return to God and His law-word by His people will cure anything. The curse of God is against society. Why, Deut. 27:26?

My, how we need an outpouring of His spirit of grace and of supplication upon the inhabitants of the heavenly Jerusalem (Heb. 12:22), that we would see the one WE pierced with OUR sins and mourn for Him. I believe this would create a tremendous change in our attitude toward the Lord and His Anointed, towards His work, His church and His people. There would also be a tremendous change in our attitude toward our responsibility to His law-word. See Zech. 12:10; Matt. 5:4.