On-Line Bible Lessons

Deuteronomy - Chapter 7, Lesson 4

Pastor Ovid Need

NOTE: The lessons are old, and I would love to go back and add to them, but that would require hundreds of hours.Time also prevents correcting minor errors, e.g., abbreviations in text, wrong abbreviations, mixed tenses in a sentence (though I have tried to catch all of them), caps, etc. There are also some comments at the end of the chapters.

Place your answer in the space provided. Put ANS before each answer. Capitalize, ANS:


We have looked at the covenant from both the OT and the NT. In this lesson we would like to carry it a little farther as we tie the two testaments (covenants) together, showing that they are not two but one. The new covenant in Christ was spoken of many times in the OT. Because the prophets spoke in terms which they were familiar with, it led to a misunderstanding in Christ's day, as well as His rejection. They expected the Messiah to build a literal, physical temple and kingdom. The Prophet Ezekiel, as a priest, spoke in terms of the temple and priesthood. Amos, as a herdsman, spoke in terms of a farmer. This is typical of the OT prophecies, each man speaking the same message, yet using different pictures to illustrate his message. The OT prophets spoke of the new covenant throughout their writings. They saw only a shadow, or dim outline, and spoke of it in terms which they and their people were familiar with.

There are hundreds of cross references between the OT and NT which tie the two covenants together, yet we will look at only a few. In Isa. 11:10-12 we see a reference to an ensign. This speaks of something raised up which all men will be drawn to. By "all men" we mean men, or people, from all nations.

1. What is this "ensign" which will be the gathering place for His people from every corner of the earth, Jn. 3:14; 12:32?________________________________________________________

2. Check Jn. 6:37-44; 10:27, 28; 15:16, etc.. What must take place before one can come to this "ensign"? ____________________________________________________________________

3. Another reference point between the two covenants would be passages such as Zech. 6:12-15. Of course, it goes without saying, this BRANCH is Christ our Lord. Notice what this passage says about Him. First, what will He do according to the last phrase of 6:12 and the first of v. 13?

a. What is the believer and/or church compared to in I Cor. 3:1-17 (Check also I Cor. 6:19; II Cor. 6:16; Eph. 2, esp. vv. 19-22; Heb. 3:1-6, etc.)?_______________________________________

b. Who is the builder, Matt. 16:18; I Cor. 3:6-9?_____________________________________

Verse 12. "That there can be no reference here to the building of the outward temple, as Jewish commentators have dreamed, has been clearly shown by Reuss--. The building of an outward temple is never ascribed to the Messiah. --- Moreover, it is to be observed that it is not stated here that the Messiah will build a temple to the Lord, but the temple of the Lord (Hengstenber, Christology -- Vol. II pg. 997-998)."

To further tie this together, we have Amos 9:11 quoted word for word by James in Acts 15:13- 21 as the conflict arose over the gospel going to the Gentiles. Peter was called before this church counsel over this. James quotes Amos
9:11, pointing out that what was now going on with the Gentiles was the fulfillment of Amos 9:11. This places Amos 9:11-15 in effect now. Don't ask me to explain it other than His people are planted in Christ and NO ONE can pluck them up, Jn. 10:28, 29.

4. What is the second thing this prophecy says that the BRANCH of David will do, Zech. 6:13?

a. What does Christ bear or wear now, Heb. 2:9? ______________________________________

5. What is the third thing prophesied, Zech. 6:13? ___________________________________

a. Where is Christ today, Phil. 2:9; Eph. 1:20-22; Acts 2:30; 7:49; Heb. 4:16, etc.? _____

6. As He sits in His place, what shall He be, Zech. 6:13? ____________________________

a. What is Christ for the believer, Heb. 3:1; 4:15? __________________________________

7. What kind of a covenant (counsel) is made between this BRANCH and His people, Zech. 6:13; Ezek. 34:25; 37:22-28; (v. 26, esp.)? ___________________________________________________________

1. There are no longer two nations, but one, Ezek. 37:20-22; Gal. 3:28, 29.
2. There is only one King, Ezek. 37:22; Jn. 10:16; Eph. 1:20-22.
3. He will be their God, Ezek. 37:23; I Pet. 1:14-17; Rom. 8:14-21; II Cor. 6:16.
4. This BRANCH is "David my servant," Ezek. 37:24; Lk. 1:32.
5. He will be their Shepherd, Ezek. 37:24; I Pet. 5:4; Jn. 10:16 (Zech. 13:1-7).
6. The everlasting dwelling place is in Him, Ezek. 37:25; Jn. 12:34; Rom. 13:14; 16:7; Eph. 1; 3:6, etc.. Note on this one that Canaan was NOT the promised rest for the OT saints of God. The promised rest was clearly a heavenly country, the same as it is for the people of God today, Heb. 4:8-10; 11:16, yet there were/are many physical promised blessings included. The rest for the believer is being where God wants him and doing what He wants him to do.
7. The covenant between the two, the Branch and His people, is a covenant of peace, Ezek. 37:26 (Isa. 9:6; 31:17) Jn. 14:27; 16:31; Rom. 5:1; Eph. 2:14; Col. 1:20; Heb. 13:20.
8. His Sanctuary is in the midst of His people for evermore, Ezek. 37:26; II Cor. 6:16.
9. His Tabernacle will be with them, Ezek. 37:27; Jn. 1:14.
This covers only a few of the hundreds of prophecies concerning Christ and His church being the fulfillment of these many passages. We will point out that Gal. 6:17 identifies all who are in Christ as the NT Israel of God. Therefore, the prophecies of the OT which look past the time of the rebuilding of the temple under Ezra and Nehemiah must be viewed with this in mind.

8. One more point from Zech. 6. Who will come and build the temple of the Lord, v. 15? _______

a. Who is this a direct reference to, Acts 2:39; Eph. 2:12-19? __________________________

9. What did the covenant of Jer. 31:33 (also, Ezek. 36:21-27) promise to do?

a. What is accomplished through Christ for the Redeemed, Heb. 10:16, 17 (II Cor. 5:17)?

10. What other names are given to the NT church other than "the Israel of God," Heb. 12:22, 23? This is another point which must be kept in mind as we read the OT prophets.

11. Paul is very straightforward in Heb. 10:14-25. Here in vv. 16, 17 he quotes Jer. 31:33. In doing so, notice that he identifies the house of Israel of Jer. 31:31 as the church. Of course, this is His grace at work. "Fathers" - Jer. 31:32. Who is I Cor. 10:1 (fathers) written to?

Heb. 3:1-9 is referring to the church as the house which the Son is building. Paul here identifies these "fathers" of the church as those of the old Hebrew race and religion. He moves on in chp. 3 using them as an example to encourage those who are their heirs to learn from their unbelief and rebellion. "Fathers" can be used as we would use the term "fathers of our nation," not necessarily talking of a blood relationship.

This is only a very short and incomplete study of this covenant from the OT and NT. My suggestion would be to get a good concordance and trace these words throughout scripture. As you do, disregard any and all notes by the editors of the Bible you may carry. They are by NO MEANS inspired. Only God's word is and those who will sincerely seek these things out will find them.7_L