On-Line Bible Lessons

Deuteronomy - Chapter 10, Lesson 1

Pastor Ovid Need

This chapter seems to continue in the middle of a thought which started in chp. 9 and goes to 10:5. Moses went up on the mount the first time and received the ten commandments. He came down and saw the departure of God's people from their God and he broke the original tablets and dealt with the sin. The anger of the Lord was kindled against Aaron and the people and He was going to destroy them all. Moses interceded for Aaron, his brother, and Aaron was spared for another forty years. He intercedes for the people when God sought to destroy them and the Lord spared them also. This intercession was work. He spent forty days and forty nights before the Lord over this rebellion and God saw fit to renew the covenant which the people broke even before they knew what it required, 10:1.

It is interesting that in Ex. 19:8 the people, in the excitement of the moment, said, "We will do it all. We'll follow God and obey our Lord no matter what," then within forty days they were turned from Him, Ex. 32.

We have a good illustration of pride here. The very area we are confident in is the very area we are in the most danger, I Cor. 10:12. If the people had seen God for who He was, His law as a law of perfection revealing their imperfection, they would have seen the necessity of de­pendence upon Him, but they didn't. The law not only reveals holiness, but shows man his need of a Daysman, Intercessor or Mediator, Job 9:33; Rom. 3:19-20; 5:20; Gal. 3:24-25; I Tim. 2:5.

Back to Moses, Deut. 10: He cared enough to intercede for the rebellious, do we? As we see the rebellion, even in our own families, what kind of intercession will we do? How much love do we really have for them?

VV. 1-5, (Hosea 1:7) the restored covenant was placed in the ark which had the mercy seat over it. My, how we do need the mercy of the sprinkled blood of the Lamb upon the mercy seat.

In V. 6, Aaron died. The record of this is in Num. 20:22-29.

1. Levi is separated unto the Lord. What was Levi's responsibility, v. 8?

This was in fulfillment of the prophecy in Gen. 49:5-7. This prophecy was the result of Levi's wicked, ungodly deed as recorded in Gen. 34:25-31.

a. Here again is a lesson for us. The most cruel of the twelve is now placed in the most honorable of positions. What is Levi's inheritance, v. 9? ________________________________

This again confirms that God can and does use anyone according to His good pleasure. His grace is overwhelming and beyond our wildest dreams and understanding. How could the Holy Lord God of heaven reach down and choses the children of a very cruel and wicked boy such as Levi to do what is required of him here? We do not know. We only know that He does and we can rejoice in this grace of a Sovereign God. We are all partakers in it. God turns the very wrath of man into His praise and glory, Ps. 76:10. Here is a tremendous hope for us in this day of "wrathful" men.

VV.10-11 Moses reminds them of the price he paid to see them spared. What kind of a price are we willing to pay to see that person spared from the anger and displeasure of the Lord?

2. VV. 12-13 This is a very short and to the point statement. Here Moses gives the sum total of man's responsibilit before his God. What is it, Ecc. 12:13-14?

a. Why, II Cor. 5:10? ____________________________________________________________

b. What are the three requirements given in Micah 6:8?



c. This would also tie in with I Sam. 15:22. Our Lord just isn't impressed at all with sacrifices, offerings, big buildings, large numbers, and all the things which the world, flesh and the devil holds important, and the list is long. What does our Lord hold important? What does impress Him, I Sam. 15:22? ____________________________________________________________________

This is really hard for us to comprehend. We are totally influenced by the world's philosophy and thinking. We are totally convinced that "gain is godliness." This is evil surmising, the result of corrupt minds, and is not according to the words of our Lord Jesus Christ. We are told to FLEE from those who teach such foolishness, I Tim. 6.

Preachers particularly, get caught in this. "The attendance is down, the offerings are down, therefore we are not right with God." Let's follow this through. "The attendance is up, the offer­ings are up, therefore we are right with God." This is the doctrine of "supposing that gain is godliness." The command of God is not only for us to avoid believing this doctrine, but "from such (as teach this) withdraw thyself," I Tim. 6:5.

Here is a question with no answer. If we believe this doctrine, "gain is godliness," do you suppose the enemy of God would provide the gain (even in our personal lives) in order to convince us we are godly? If we are convinced of this, then this would cause us to allow sin to remain within the individual or church which would bring down God's wrath. Sin MUST BE defined in terms of God's law-word, NOT in terms of the results.

Let us be reminded, though, that godliness should result in gain. The preaching and teaching of God's Word should result in increase as the Holy Spirit blesses His word. We will find that the church experienced its greatest growth in the period of its greatest persecution, even persecu­tion to the death, Heb. 10:32-39.

I Cor. 3:6, 7, tells us that it is God that gives the increase as the word is presented. We need to be very cautious against a "defeatest attitude". Even though "gain cannot be supposed for godliness", we cannot say that "gain is not a result of godliness". A Christian that loves God will tithe, but just because a person tithes doesn't mean they love God. Godliness should result in gain as God blesses His word, but gain doesn't mean godliness at the root. Only God's word makes this determination.

3. What are the requirements placed upon God's people here in Deut. 10:12-13?

Notice our Lord pulled out the middle requirement (#3), thereby applying this passage for our day, Matt. 22:37-40; Mk. 12:29-31; Lk.10:27. Also, notice the first requirement. This will produce a godly life in all areas. Really, this is a restatement of Deut. 6:45. We should observe something before we get too far removed from 6:4, 5 and 10:12.

4. What were His people required to serve Him with? There are three areas given, Deut. 6:4, 5; 10:12.
1) _________________________________________________________________________
2) _________________________________________________________________________
3) _________________________________________________________________________

a. Compare this with our Lord's words. What are His people of the NT to serve Him with? There are four areas given in Mk. 12:30; Lk. 10:27.
1) _________________________________________________________________________
2) _________________________________________________________________________
3) _________________________________________________________________________
4) _________________________________________________________________________

b. The Law-Maker added one area. What is that area? _________________________________

This is exceptionally important for us to see. When the Law-Maker appeared upon the scene and walked among men, He did not remove one part of the law of Moses. Rather, He either fulfilled (as with the mediation office and laws) or strengthened the law as in this case.

5. We have already seen from the covenant that the New Covenant was moved from the outward writings to the inward heart. Here our Lord confirms this. Under the New Covenant, what are His people required to do, II Cor. 10:5? _________________________________________________

a. We will find this command conspicuously absent under the old covenant although the circum­cised heart is called for. The Psalms do make a great emphases upon the joy and delight of the law of God within the heart and mind, Ps. 1:2; 63:5; 104:34; 119; 139:17. We find all through the NT that rather than the law being done away with, it is applied even deeper. What does the apostle John tell us, I Jn. 3:15? _____________________________________________________________

b. What is the means given by God to bring this area under control, Ps. 119:11?

This brings us to this conclusion. Our Lord added an area to the law of Moses. This area is the very hardest area there is to control, yet; (1) We are commanded to; (2) We are empowered by the Spirit of Grace. Therefore, we are able to; (3) We are told how to do it. We might be able to submit all which Moses called for (Deut. 6:45; 10:21) and have the outside just right. We might have the words, actions and attitudes right toward others and be "perfect" on the outside. Yet, if this area is not controlled, according to II Cor. 10:5 we are covenant-breakers. Not only do our outward actions and words prove our love toward God and toward man, but this area also proves our love toward God. If this area is not controlled and brought under subjection to His every law- word, then we are in just as much violation of His law as if we had violated Deut. 6:4, 5 or 10:12.

We can have all of the outward actions of "love thy neighbor as thyself," yet without this area under control to the written word of God we do not love God. For if we love Him we will keep this commandment, also.