On-Line Bible Lessons

Deuteronomy - Chapter 14, Lesson 1

Pastor Ovid Need

Here we come to a passage which is seemingly insignificant to us. This passage contains some things which we would be likely to disregard becuase they seem so minor. Therefore, he starts these "minor passages" with something to get His peoples attention.

1. "Ye are the children of the Lord your God." There are a couple of things here which I think he is referring to . First, as the FATHER, His children are required to listen to Him. Second, as the LIVING Lord God, what does He represent, Jn. 1:4; 5:26; 6:33, 35; 10:10; 11:25; 14:6; 20:31, etc.?

a. Moses now follows this reminder with a restriction or a forbidding of what, v.1?

b. Of course, we are the children of God in Christ Jesus our Lord (Rom. 8:16; Gal. 3:26; I Jn. 3:1). Therefore, how would this apply to us, I Thess. 4:13?

c. What did our Lord tell those who sought to trip Him up, Mark 12:27?

d. Therefore, we see the principle of Deut. 14:1 carried throughout the scriptures. Can you iden­tify this principle, I Cor. 15:19-22 (57)? ________________________________________________

2. Now Moses goes on to make another point as he prepares to lay out the principle of vv. 3-21. What is this point, v. 2? _____________________________________________________________

a. Of course, we have seen this over in I Pet. 2:9-10 but let's look at it from a different view here. God has chosen a people from all of the nations of the earth (even a people who were not looking for Him, Rom. 9:25-26). What is the purpose of this people? Maybe another way to say this is, "what is the purpose of redemption", Titus 2:14? __________________________________

b. What is required of this people whom He has chosen unto Himself, Rom. 12:1?

(1) What do you think He means by "bodies" here? __________________________________

God is interested in the physical bodies; the health and well being of the Temple where He and we live, I Cor. 3:16-17. Here now in Deut. 14 He is going to give a proper diet which will help keep this temple healthy.

A common passage which is used here to say these dietary laws are invalid today is Acts 10:9-48. This passage cannot be used to teach this.

3. What was seen in this vision, Acts 10:12? _____________________________________

a. What were the Gentiles considered by the Jews, Titus 1:12? _______________

b. What does Peter say God was showing him with the beasts of the field of Acts 10:12, v. 28?

4. We will find this usage of beasts quite often throughout scriptures. Another good illustration of this is found in Jer. 50:17. What is Israel called here? __________________________

a. Who is identified as the wild beasts, the lions? _________________________________

The Scriptures, as well as past church history, view Isa. 11:6 (65:25) as speaking of the Gen­tiles being brought into the covenant though Christ. Peter's vision is very definite along this line. The unclean heathen (OT beasts of the field) are now clean in Christ. The unclean now have a new heart under the new covenant, and as the fruits of the Holy Spirit (Gal. 5) are developed in them the warring nature becomes a peaceful nature.

Let us consider some of the early church fathers' view concerning this.

Terullian, in his argument against Marcion (see lesson 4-1) about 207 AD, (The Anti- Nicene Fathers, Vol. 3, pg. 288) identified this passage in Isa. with, "Who is He that shall bestow" the power of treading on serpents and scorpions? (Lk. 10:19)." And with this he identifies Isa. 11:8, 9 as the church age. Yet, he leaves the "beasts" here as literal.

Clement of Alexandria, writing around 150-200 AD (Fathers, Vol. 2, pg. 491) said of Isa. 11:7 "For rightly the Scripture says, that "the ox and the bear shall come together (Isa. 11:7). "For the Jew is designated by the ox, from the animal under the yoke being reckoned clean, according to the law; ---. And the Gentile is designated by the bear, which is an unclean and wild beast.--- For he who is converted from among the Gentiles is formed from a beast like to gentleness by the word; and, when once tamed, is made clean, just as the ox."

Origen said (AD 185-245, Fathers, Vol. IV, pg. 357)" And thinking moreover, that it was prophesied that the wolf- the four-footed animal -- was to feed with the lamb, and the leopard to lie down with the kid, and the calf and bull and lion to feed together, being led by a little child, and that the ox and bear were to pasture together, their young ones growing up together, and that the lion was to eat straw like an ox: seeing none of these things visibly accomplished during the advent of Him who is believed by us to be Christ, they did not accept our Lord Jesus; but as having called Himself Christ improperly, they crucified Him". Here we see that because the Jews did not see this literally take place they crucified Him.

Also, since Christ did not fulfill the hope of Judism, Judism still clings to this hope today. See Hasting Dictionary of Religion (1924), pg. 517.