On-Line Bible Lessons

Deuteronomy - Chapter 30, Lesson 1

Sorry, but time prohibits correcting the grammar and other things in these lesson, Pastor Ovid Need


With this chapter Moses ends the message which he started in 27:9. There he started explain­ing the curses and blessings. Here, in chp. 30, he "caps them off".

V.1, Moses knows what they will do and he confronts them with it. After all, he has been with them for forty years now and he knows how quickly they will forget God, 31:27. We should mention in passing, the man of God (pastor) really doesn't have to have any "special insight". All he has to do is pay attention to what is going on. It doesn't take long to discover the pattern of folks, and, really, of himself also. He can do as Moses did here. He can warn and warn, yet folks will insist upon trying it anyway. Then it comes to pass the destruction of the family or the loss of something important. Here in v. 1, Moses said it would all come to pass, the blessing and the curse, and it did.

Moses points out that after the curse comes to pass and they are carried off that they will call to mind the promises of God and return to Him. This is identical to Solomon's prayer in I Ki. 8:47. They were carried off as the result of their sin by Assyria, II Ki. 17:6-23. Notice in II KI. 17 what God identifies as their sin. Again, a large part of their sin which caused His anger was their attempt to serve the Lord after the manner of the heathen. It was the sin of Jeroboam which he caused Israel to sin, (Lesson 4-5). They served Baal also, v. 16. Doesn't sound like "Christianity" today? It retains many outward marks of service to the Lord God of heaven, but it has far more paganism in it than service to the Lord God through obedience to His law-word.

Judah was carried off many years later by the king of Babylon, II Ki. 25. Nehemiah gives us a record of His people turning back to the Lord and the Lord re- establishing them in the land. It only takes the prayer of one righteous man to turn the hand of God, Neh. chp. 1; Ja. 5:16-20. Neither Nehemiah nor Elijah had to have all night prayer meetings. In passing, is it easier to at­tend an all night prayer meeting than to deal with a controlling sin in our lives? There are places for all night prayer meetings; Joel calls for them in Chps. 2 and 3. But,an all night prayer meeting without a good personal cleansing of all known sin is wasted breath (Prov. 28:13,14).

1. Moses gives God's people here the "formula" for having God's hand upon them once again. Can you see the points he gives in v. 2? __________________________________________________

a. What will be the result, v. 3? ____________________________________________________

b. Who will He do this for, v. 4 (Deut. 28:64; Neh. 1:9)? ____________________________

As we read the prophets we need to keep in mind that the woes and curses pronounced against sin are being pronounced against the sin in God's people, not in the heathen. The book of Isaiah is one of these books. It pronounces many woes and curses against sin, yet with all of the judg­ments against sin we find some very striking statements. Keep in mind also, that the heathen sure aren't exempt from the judgment of God. They face sure destruction, Ps. 37:73, etc..

2. Isa. 5 is VERY HARSH against sin. In fact, He clearly says (v. 24) that because they have cast away the law of the Lord and despised the Word of God they are going to be devoured and con­sumed. Yet, in the midst of all of this, what does He tell them in v. 25?

a. Chp. 5 isn't the only place this is given. This principle is throughout this book, 9:12, 17, 21; 10:4. No doubt this is one of the greatest principles of Scripture. No matter what kind of sin God's people have been or are involved in, what can they do, I Jn. 1:9; Prov. 28:13? ________________________________________________________________________

Of course, this includes anyone. If the heathen god hating, anti-christ crowd will do this, they also can enjoy the blessings of God.

b. What will happen if they refuse to do this, Prov. 28:14; Ja. 1:22? ________________

3. We cannot read the OT without seeing the grace of God. It is on every page and in every pas­sage. This book, the Bible, overflows with the free grace of a sovereign God. How is this grace shown here, Deut. 30:6? _______________________________________________________________

a. God doing v. 6 is based upon what, 1, 2? __________________________________________

b. Here again is one of those secret things which belong only to the Lord our God. We cannot understand this, nor will we ever. If we try to reason it out we will end up more confused than the heathen. All we can say is this, God in His eternal purpose ordained that it should be this way. Here is the question. Why did Nehemiah seek to return to Jerusalem and rebuild it accord­ing to the words of Moses, Neh. 2:12; 7:5? ____________________________________________

Along with this, we should read Neh. 8. There we see the result of Nehemiah obeying God in 7:5. My, how we need this today.

c. Therefore, Ezra 7:10 must be understood in the context of Rom. 3:11. Ezra 7:10 also had to be a work of who? _______________________________________________________________________

d. Who told Cyprus to rebuild the temple, Ezra 1:2? __________________________________

e. This shows us that we should be praying for what?


Here in Deut. 30:6 (10:16) Moses again gives the true circumcision. This is carried over into the NT which we have already seen. The true circumcision is not one made with hands. It never has been and it never will be. Therefore, in the light of Deut. 10:16; 30:6; the circumcision which Paul spoke of reaches all the way back to Abraham, Rom. 2:28, 29.

We can safely reach a conclusion here with v. 6 that the final fulfillment of this is in Christ and His Church. As we see, the true circumcision is a spiritual one of the heart. It always has been. We also see from Isa. 11:10, 12 that the gathering place of God's people is around the cross of Christ, Jn. 12:32; 3:14 (Lesson 7-4).

Actually, Moses' words (and Solomon's) were physically fulfilled under Ezra and Nehemiah, chp. 1. They are now being spiritually fulfilled under the ensign of the cross of Christ as the Holy Spirit writes the law of God upon the heart of the believer, (Lesson 27:1).

4. It is impossible to love the Lord God on our own. Where does any love for God come from, v. 6?

5. Other than just those Moses is speaking to, who else is covered in this work of the Spirit of God, v. 6 (See Gal. 3:16-19)? _________________________________________________________

This work of the Spirit of God in this group of people is based upon v. 2. V. 2 cannot be by-passed and v. 6 expected to come to pass. As we have pointed out, the curse against the family is based in or on only one thing, Deut. 27:26. Nothing more, nothing less. The blessing of God upon the family (v. 6), the blessing of life, is based upon the same thing. Christ gives the grace, power to do Deut. 27:26, thereby inheriting the blessing of 30:6. See Matt. 5:18; Jn. 10:10.

Our freedom is from the power of sin over us which has nothing but the curse of God upon it. We now have the power to be servants of righteousness, Rom. 6:18. Let us daily claim this freedom by daily walking with Him, Jn. 8:36.