On-Line Bible Lessons

Deuteronomy - Chapter 31, Lesson 1

Sorry, but time prohibits correcting the grammar and other things in these lesson, Pastor Ovid Need


Moses has reached the end of his life. He has led them out of Egypt, through the wilderness these forty years and has written down the law of God. Now he prepares them for his departure.

In the law (which Moses represents) Moses has given them their method of success. He has told them what they must do in order for God to perform all of His promises to them. He has ex­plained to them both sides of the covenant and now it is up to them. Here we will see that Joshua DID NOT do away with this covenant-law, rather, he led them in obedience to the covenant law that they might inherit the blessings of the covenant.

Our Joshua, Jesus, doesn't do away with the law as given to Moses. What He does through His Spirit, is lead (and empower) us in obedience to the covenant-law that His people today might in­herit the promise, Jn. 15:14; 16:13, 14; Heb. 6:12.

1. Moses has three things left to do here in chp. 31. What are they?

a. v. 3, 23? _________________________________________________________________________
b. v. 9, 24-26? ______________________________________________________________________
c. v. 19, 30? ________________________________________________________________________

One of the things we see here is that if God has given us a job or a responsibility to do for Him, the job is not complete until we have trained someone to take our place.

2. How old was Moses at this time? ___________________________________________________

a. What could he no longer do? _______________________________________________________

This was not for lack of strength and old age. It was because his time was up in leading the people. It was now time to pass the responsibility on because God no longer would allow him to do it.

3. Who will go before them, v. 3? ____________________________________________________

a. Where is the victory going to be found, vv. 3-5? __________________________________

4. Here is a tremendous charge given to the people and then to Joshua. What is it, vv. 6-7?

a. Moses is the one who gives this charge here, but we find it again over in Joshua 1:7. Who gives it this time, vv. 1-7? __________________________________________________________

b. Something is added in Joshua to this charge which shows us the purpose of the strength and courage. What is that purpose, Josh. 1:7, 8?


1) Why is strength and courage needed for such a "simple" task, II Tim. 3:12?


We see that this only confirms what we have already mentioned above. Also, this confirms Heb. 3 and 4. The rest which Canaan pictured for the believer is entered into through obedience to every word which proceeds out of the mouth of God, Matt. 4:4. Jesus (or Joshua, Heb. 4:8) did not do away with the law of Moses. He now leads in obedience to the law, thereby entering into the promised rest, our Canaan. Again, this is the grace of God, Ph. 2:13-15. No man can "grit his teeth" and please God. Only through the death and resurrection of Christ can man die to the power of sin which dwells within Him, Rom. 6.

5. What does Moses command the Levites to do, vv. 9-11? ______________________________

a. Why, vv. 12-13? ___________________________________________________________________

Verses 14-18, Moses is told to take Joshua and the two of them present themselves before the Lord in the tabernacle. Then He appeared to the two of them and gave them some very distressing news. Really, though, nothing that Moses didn't already know. This would have been very heart-breaking to Moses. He had invested forty years in these people and now he is told this. Pastors or spiritual leaders of any kind could identify with Moses here. Paul shows us a little into this, I Thess. 2:19, 20. John shows us even more, III John 4. There is no greater joy for a spiritual leader than to know that after he is gone his people still walk in the truth. More often than not, though, we can identify with Paul as he said, "I marvel that you are so soon removed--, Gal. 1:6." But, there are a few that make it and they make it all worth-while.

6. Moses invested his life in bringing God's people out of Egypt into Canaan. How many made it from Egypt into Canaan? ______________________________________________________________

7. There are at least three things listed here which the people will do after Moses is gone. What are they, v. 16?

1) ________________________________

2) ________________________

3) _________________________________________________.

a. The Lord gives His three responses to what His people do in v. 16. What are they, v. 17?
1. ____________________________

2. _______________________

3. ________________________

8. The Lord gives Moses a final charge. What is Moses told to do to help prevent v. 16 from taking place, v. 19? __________________________________________________________________

This is for a witness against their sin. We might mention, this is a reason people do not like the law of God. It is a witness against their sin.

9. Here is the story of God's people, it seems. What is this major problem, v. 20; Hosea 13:6?

We just don't have to think hard or look far to see this. A person gets against the wall. They are listening now to God speak. They have all kinds of time for Him now. They get right and God blesses. It isn't long before they have forgotten where it came from, Jer. 50:6; Hosea 4:6; 8:14.

Even as they were about to go into the land, their hearts were still separated from God, v. 21. We may think we have it well covered and no one knows, but He knows even the imaginations of the heart. Moses carried out his commission and also gave his charge to Joshua before the Lord, vv. 22-23. Moses finished writing the words of the law and told the Levites to lay this book beside the ark, which contained the tables of stone. This book of the law is the practical application of the covenant law.

Verses 27-30, Moses tells the people what God had told him, yet, he doesn't give up on them. Joshua did the same at the end of his life as he confronted God's people with the covenant law, encouraging them to not depart from it. This passage, also, as does 28:68, looks forward to the "latter days" of their utter corruption and utter destruction, v. 29. Verse 30, Moses does not give up hope. He still obeyed God even though he knew what was going to happen. He was faithful to the end.

Our responsibility is to be a faithful servant to the One Who called us. Even as we look around us and see the utter corruption of those who claim Christ, we must not allow that to hinder our obedience to the desires of our Lord for us. We must continue to live for Him and do our very best to influence every area of life for His glory, I Cor. 4:2. Moses knew what would happen, yet he continued to his last breath. No wonder he was such a great man in God's eyes.